Diet in anemia involves the inclusion in the diet of products that help stabilize the picture of blood and raise the level of missing blood cells.
Anemia is a condition of the body when the quantity of erythrocytes and (or) hemoglobin decreases in the blood. In order to normalize the composition of the blood, it is recommended to be more often in the open air, give enough time to have a rest, and, importantly, adjust your diet.
Iron deficiency anemia diet
The underlying cause of iron deficiency anemia, as the name suggests, is a lack of iron in the body. To resist such a disease, it is necessary to ensure that the necessary substances and elements enter the bloodstream.
If the disease is caused by the fact that a person was malnourished, physically worked a lot, hunger for a long time or adhered to strict diets, then it can be helped by correction of nutrition.
If the disease is associated with the presence of internal bleeding or malignant neoplasms, a simple change in diet can not be avoided: long-term qualified treatment will be required.
Diet in iron deficiency anemia can be used both for medical and preventive purposes.
The main direction of such a diet can be called the following:
- providing the body with all the required vitamins and microelements;
- general strengthening of immunity.
Nutrition during treatment should consist mainly of protein foods (up to 120 g protein per day), vegetables and fruits. Fats are limited to 40 g per day. The diet necessarily includes fresh herbs, berries, freshly squeezed juices.
Foods that are rich in iron should be consumed with foods that contain a lot of vitamin C, as ascorbic acid facilitates and speeds up absorption of iron.
But dairy products should be eaten separately from foods rich in iron, since calcium does not allow the iron to be fully absorbed. By the way, the same can be said about caffeine and alcoholic beverages: they do not contribute to the absorption of iron into the blood.
In adults, this disease is more rare than in children, but it is more complicated and more prolonged. Most often, this condition is associated with heavy physical exertion and lack of a balanced diet.
The diet for anemia of adults provides for an increase in the protein content of food, vitamins and trace elements.
Concerning the nutritional value of the dishes, the following daily pattern should be adhered to:
Average daily caloric content should be on average 2500-3000 kcal.
The composition of the dietary intake of adult patients should include vegetable and fruit dishes, berries are all known “carriers of hematopoiesis factors.”
A lot of iron and its compounds are found in potatoes, practically in all kinds of cabbage, in eggplants and zucchini, melon, pumpkin, garlic and onion, dogrose, citrus, apples, corn, etc. Berry use is welcome: calves, cranberries, gooseberries, blueberries and strawberries.
Anemia in pregnant women is a frequent and dangerous phenomenon, because with the prolonged current disease, the growth and development of the unborn child can be disrupted.
If the pregnant woman was diagnosed with anemia, then complex treatment is needed: taking complex vitamin preparations plus a special diet. In other cases, it is recommended to adhere to a diet for the prevention of anemia.
During pregnancy, the need for trace elements and vitamins increases, because the organism of the future mother is the only source of nutrition for the baby. In addition, in a pregnant woman the volume of circulating blood grows, which means that there should be more blood cells.
The main point of preventing anemia is a balanced diet, since anemia can be triggered not only by a lack of iron, but also proteins, vitamins and some minerals.
Iron is found in meat, fish, liver. From products of vegetable origin, you can note buckwheat, berries, vegetables.
As we have already noted, iron does not assimilate sufficiently without the presence of ascorbic acid. This vitamin can be found in cabbage, cranberry, citrus, currant.
If the disease is caused by a deficiency of B vitamins, then the diet should include milk, eggs and meat products.
Anemia in old age can be found quite often. This is due to a sedentary lifestyle, with chronic diseases, with the fall of the body’s defenses.
The main rule of nutrition of elderly people is the regularity of food intake: it is impossible to tolerate the appearance of bouts of hunger, as well as overeating. The physiological processes of aging that affect all human organs, including the digestive system, lead to a restriction of the functional capacity, so hunger and overeating can adversely affect the subsequent assimilation of food.
Talking about banned foods at this age is inappropriate, but the products that should be preferred can be listed. As a rule, these are meat, dairy products, vegetables, greens, fruits. Switching to vegetarian food in old age is strongly discouraged, since the elderly organism can adapt to global changes in nutrition very, very difficult.
It is necessary to eat eggs (2-4 per week), cereals (especially buckwheat), vegetables (beets, cabbage). Beans are not worth it, they are not well absorbed at this age.
If an elderly person can not consume fresh plant products due to dental diseases or digestion, then they should be crushed as much as possible to a puree state, then the assimilation will be complete.
The diet for anemia in children should be varied, the dishes – appetizing, so that the little gourmet wants to eat something useful. The daily diet should include meat, vegetable, fruit dishes and eggs.
If the disease is significant, then in the baby’s menu it is necessary to limit fats.
It is very important that the baby eat foods with sufficient iron, vitamins (especially A, C and B). Among such products – dishes from the liver, tongue, beans, cereals (buckwheat, barley, oatmeal), vegetable purees and stew. Vitamin A is found in marine fish and fish oil.
Vitamin B in sufficient quantities is contained in beef, prunes, beans. It is also present in the liver, which is highly recommended for children of all ages. Kids rubbed liver is added to cereals, mashed potatoes, and for older children you can cook pate or casserole.
The disease often develops in children who have a monotony in the diet. For example, a child only needs a favorite yogurt or sausage with pasta, and can eat this food three times a day every day. It is important to take timely measures to prevent anemia, diversifying the diet. Try to cook so that the child is interested in such food. A good way to “work up an appetite” is to prepare a dish with the child, and then he certainly will not be able to resist not to try his “masterpiece”. You can not force a child to eat this or that dish: this behavior will further alienate the child from useful food.
Iron, calcium, vitamins, copper – such important components of food, in conjunction with the organization of the regime of the day, outdoor games guarantee successful treatment.
Nutrition for people with anemia is based on a diet that involves limiting the intake of animal fat and preferential food as useful as possible for hematopoietic products.
The diet is prescribed not only for anemia, but also for certain states of body exhaustion, immunity decline, in the rehabilitation period after long-term illnesses.
Diet in anemia is aimed at increasing the protective forces and stimulating the restoration of oppressed functions, including hematopoietic ones.
The diet provides for an increase in the daily calorie intake, increase in the intake of proteins, vitamin and mineral components of food. Dishes are used in a warm form (as cold and hot foods are digested much worse).
It is recommended to eat 5 once a day.
From the allowed products you can use the following:
- bakery products, cookies, gingerbread, cakes;
- all kinds of first dishes;
- sea fish and sea products, dishes from liver, meat;
- milk and dairy products, hard cheese and cottage cheese;
- chicken and quail eggs;
- garnishes of legumes, cereals and pasta;
- in any form berry, fruit and vegetable dishes, as well as raw vegetables and fruits, greens;
- products of beekeeping;
- vegetable oils;
- herbal teas, freshly squeezed juices.
It is undesirable to include in the diet:
- cream cakes, cake, ice cream;
- mayonnaise, ketchup, vinegar, marinades, sauces;
- fat and fatty meat;
- butter, margarine, melted fat;
- puff pastry;
- canned food, smoked fish and meat;
- alcoholic drinks, coca-cola.
Salt is used in an amount not exceeding 13 g per day, liquid – not less than 1,5 l.
Diet for moderate degree of anemia
Anemia of an average degree can be a sufficient indication for the purpose of a diet. With such a degree it is important not to start the disease, but in time to correct and restore the hematopoietic function.
Diet for moderate anemia can be supported by the intake of vitamin preparations, however this decision should be voiced by the doctor.
It happens that a person consumes enough food, rich in iron, and the situation with anemia does not stabilize. It should be noted that in case of illness, not only preparations or products containing iron, but also a number of vitamin and mineral substances are important.
For example, vitamin E is involved in neutralizing free radicals, it serves to prevent damage to cellular structures and helps to keep blood cells whole and unharmed.
Of great importance in nutrition with anemia is folic acid and vitamin B¹², which are found in large quantities in meat products and cereals. Without these vitamins, blood cells lose the ability to carry oxygen through the body. In addition, folic acid facilitates absorption of iron, stabilizes the function of the nervous system. In digestive disorders, the absorption of folic acid may be impaired, which can lead to the development of the disease.
Another very important vitamin for the prevention of disease is vitamin C, which assists in the assimilation of iron. Such a famous vitamin is abundant in citrus, cabbage, berries. Products with ascorbic acid are best consumed fresh, as during the heat treatment the vitamin loses its ability.
We will need: 1 glass of oatmeal, 200 ml of water, 200 ml of milk, two handfuls of finely chopped favorite fruits, 2 spoons of any nuts, some cinnamon, salt and sugar.
In boiling water pour oatmeal and boil for about 6 minutes, then add the warmed milk and spices and cook until ready. Add the fruit and nut mixture to the finished porridge.
We will need: 2 glass of rice, about ½ kg of liver, 2 eggs, 2 bulbs, sunflower oil, 50 g hard cheese, greens.
Onion shred and fry in sunflower oil until golden. Liver cut into random pieces and add to onions, fry about 8-9 minutes. We remove from the fire.
Meanwhile, cook the rice (about 20 minutes) with the addition of salt. We take the eggs, separate the proteins and whisk them well, put them in a cold place for about 10. We rub hard cheese.
Cooled rice gently combine with proteins, mix. In a form, oiled, put half of the resulting mass. On top, lay the liver and onion, pour one whipped yolk. Again layer the remaining rice and beat the second yolk. Sprinkle with grated cheese and place in the oven at 180 ° C for about 20 min. When serving, sprinkle with herbs.
We need: 175 g of granulated sugar, 175 g of vegetable oil, 3 eggs, 3 medium carrots, 100 g raisins, orange peel, 175 g flour, 1 teaspoon soda, as much cinnamon, pinch of nutmeg. For glaze: 175 g of powdered sugar, up to 2-x tablespoons of orange juice.
We combine sugar, vegetable oil and eggs, whisk a little. Add the grated carrot, raisins and zest.
Mix the flour, spices and soda, mix with the previously prepared carrot mixture.
We pour the dough into a greased form and bake at 180 ° C for about 45 minutes. After the preparation is cooled, remove from the mold and water the glaze. For glaze we mix powder and orange juice.
An approximate diet of an anemia diet for 7 days.
- Breakfast. Millet porridge with fruit, rose hip tea.
- Lunch. The vinaigrette.
- Dinner. Borsch, sour cream, steak with cabbage salad.
- Snack. Freshly squeezed juice with biscuits.
- Dinner. Boiled potatoes with meat, tea with lemon.
- Breakfast. Sandwich with liver pie, soft-boiled egg, yoghurt.
- Lunch. An Apple.
- Dinner. Shchi, chicken with rice, compote.
- Snack. Pomegranate juice.
- Dinner. Jellied fish, potatoes, tea.
- Breakfast. Oatmeal with fruit, a glass of milk.
- Lunch. Banana.
- Dinner. Chicken soup, stewed vegetables with a meat chop, apple juice.
- Snack. A cup of cottage cheese with sour cream.
- Dinner. Cabbage salad, meat beans, tea with lemon.
- Breakfast. Cheesecakes with honey, fruit compote.
- Lunch. A handful of berries.
- Dinner. Rassolnik, fish fillet with potatoes, oat jelly.
- Snack. Cupcake and apple juice.
- Dinner. Macaroni with cheese, tea with lemon.
- Breakfast. Cottage cheese casserole with berries, tea with milk.
- Lunch. Apple jelly.
- Dinner. Meat rice soup, zrazy with mushrooms, compote.
- Snack. Fruit biscuit.
- Dinner. Chicken cutlet, beetroot salad, tea with lemon.
- Breakfast. Buckwheat porridge, milk sausage, tea.
- Lunch. Fruit salad.
- Dinner. Fish soup, fried liver with vegetables, prunes compote.
- Snack. Pear.
- Dinner. Cabbage rolls, tea with lemon.
- Breakfast. Scrambled eggs with tomatoes, cranberry mors.
- Lunch. A handful of nuts.
- Dinner. Pea soup, boiled beef with pasta, fruit juice.
- Snack. Cottage cheese with fruit.
- Dinner. Fish pie, vegetable salad, rose hip tea.
It is recommended to drink a glass of yogurt or unsweetened yogurt for the night. Bread is preferably used from wheat or rye flour.