Atherosclerosis is a formidable and practically asymptomatic disease in the first stages, which annually takes millions of lives around the world. Today there are effective methods of drug therapy of this pathology, but it is proved that treatment is only symptomatic if the patient does not change the way of life. The fact is that atherosclerosis is endogenous in nature and completely depends on the characteristics of the patient's diet and metabolism. This means that a competent and rational approach to nutrition is one of the necessary elements of therapy (and, perhaps, the most important).
The resolved products at an atherosclerosis
In the minds of the majority, the opinion has taken root that the diet is an unpleasant and even excruciating activity, as it forces to refuse most "delicious" products for the sake of "useful" ones. However, the list of approved products for atherosclerosis is quite wide.
The main rule of nutrition in the atherosclerotic process is the minimization of the consumption of atherogenic products (ie that food that is rich in animals or trans fats).
We list the allowed products:
Meat. For normal protein metabolism and synthesis of cellular structures, meat is necessary, therefore, rejection of it is unacceptable. However, it is necessary to choose lean varieties, such as beef, veal, chicken, turkey (preferably, as in turkey fat is even less), rabbit;
A fish. You can choose any variety of sea and river fish (cod, salmon, tuna, perch, pike perch). Fish is rich in phosphorus, as well as polyunsaturated fats, therefore helps to eliminate the so-called. "Bad" cholesterol (as is known, it is "bad" cholesterol – one of the culprits of atherosclerosis);
Fruits vegetables. Preferably fresh, at least 350-400 grams per day. The best choice will be tomatoes, beets, cucumbers, apples, cabbage, oranges, etc. Many fruits and vegetables have the property of destroying the layers of fat on the walls of blood vessels, so they should be consumed first. Among them, garlic and beets. Excellent functioning flaxseed;
Cereals, bran, peanuts, bread. Bran and cereals are a storehouse of gluten and fiber. These substances prevent the absorption of fats through the walls of the intestine into the blood. Oats, buckwheat, millet must be on the table, as well as bread. Of nuts, peanuts and walnuts are the most pronounced anti-atherosclerotic effect;
Kelp. Seaweed is rich in iodine and other microelements that promote normal metabolism. However, it must be borne in mind that sea kale is contraindicated in persons with hyperthyroidism. In such patients, the use of kelp can lead to a deterioration in metabolic processes, including lipoprotein;
Low-fat or low-fat dairy products;
In small quantities it is permissible to include ham, sausages, low-fat cheeses in the diet;
Chicory. He was recognized as an assistant in the fight against atherosclerosis. They should replace teas and coffee.
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Harmful products with atherosclerosis
To harmful products, which should be discarded, include:
Fatty grades of meat, lard. They contain a significant amount of harmful fats;
Margarine, spreads. It is better to use a little natural butter. Margarines and spreads are made from trans fats, which are extremely difficult to digest by the body and cause an increase in the concentration of LDL in the blood;
Sausages, sausages, sausages, shpikachki;
Fat and strong meat broths;
Fatty sauces (mayonnaise, etc.);
Hard cheeses, condensed milk;
It's baked as it contains a lot of sugar.
Use in moderate amounts is allowed:
By-products (liver, kidneys, etc.);
Alcohol. It has a positive effect on the dynamics of cholesterol. Preference is given to malt whiskey and red wine. The therapeutic dose is no more than 50-100 ml per week. Do not abuse;
Egg. Eggs are recognized leaders in the content of cholesterol. But you should make a reservation – the cholesterol of products is no more than 25% of the total level of this substance in the body. Cholesterol in the egg can go both to "good" and "bad", depending on the method of preparation and the products consumed with it. In addition, eggs are rich in lecithin, which lowers the level of cholesterol in the blood. This means that a boiled egg or omelet will not only not harm, but also help in the fight against atherosclerosis, and salad from eggs with mayonnaise or scrambled eggs and sausage – will increase the concentration of the substance;
Manna and rice porridge;
Strong teas, coffee.
Sample menu for atherosclerosis
The menu should be made individually, based on the patient's vital signs, metabolic features, age, sex, weight. The food should be fractional, at least 5 once a day in small portions for best digestion.
The first meal: oatmeal, vegetable salad, chicory or soft coffee.
The second meal: a piece of boiled meat, a fruit to choose from, a small amount of cottage cheese.
The third meal: cabbage soup, a piece of boiled meat, potatoes, stewed with zucchini, a decoction of dried fruits.
The fourth meal: kefir.
Fifth meal: fish baked, mashed potatoes, fruit to choose from, chicory or a glass of loose tea.
The first meal: omelet, pyshenka, chicory or loose coffee.
Second meal: vegetable salad (cucumbers and fresh cabbage).
The third meal: soup from a zucchini with pearl barley, chicken cutlets for a couple, berry broth.
The fourth meal: cottage cheese and orange (or apple).
Fifth meal: porridge with pumpkin, boiled fish.
The first meal: skim curd, apple, tea or chicory.
Second meal: casserole from cottage cheese.
The third meal: vegetable soup with rice, steam meatballs, salad from kelp, a decoction of dried fruits.
The fourth meal: kefir.
The fifth meal: boiled fish with mashed potatoes, carrot-garlic salad with vegetable oil, not strong tea.
The first meal: barley porridge with tomato sauce, fresh cucumber and weak tea.
Second meal: a sandwich with cheese, a glass of tea.
The third meal: borscht, steam cutlets from fish, rose hip tincture, fresh vegetable to choose from.
The fourth meal: low-fat cottage cheese.
The fifth meal: pilaf, cabbage salad, a glass of yogurt.
The first meal: a banana, a glass of tea.
Second meal: yoghurt and fresh apple.
The third meal: cabbage soup, cabbage salad, boiled beets with butter, berry broth.
The fourth meal: tea with dry biscuits.
The fifth meal: baked fish, vegetable salad, a glass of loose tea.
The first meal: porridge from porridge, a glass of tea.
The second meal: a sandwich with lean ham and a glass of kefir.
The third meal: beetroot, steamed chicken, vegetable salad and fruit broth.
The fourth meal: cottage cheese.
The fifth meal: fish pieces, fresh cabbage salad, a glass of kefir.
The first meal: cottage cheese casserole, banana, chicory.
Second meal: yoghurt.
The third meal: chicken soup, pasta and chicken steam cutlets, a decoction of dried fruits.
The fourth meal: kefir.
The fifth meal: boiled potatoes, cutlets from fish, salad from cabbage, cucumbers and tomatoes, a glass of loose tea.
In addition, the consumption of 200-250 grams of rye and wheat bread is allowed every day (in combination).
Thus, in the diet it is important to control the fat content of the foods consumed, and also use caution to eat foods that are rich in cholesterol. The food should be a fraction. In addition, it is necessary that the portion taken every time, by weight, does not exceed 150-300 grams.
Author of the article: Diet physician Kuzmina Vera Valerievna, specially for the site
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