Atopic dermatitis in children and adults. Diet

Atopic dermatitis is a disease that requires long-term, scrupulous treatment, the absence of which entails serious consequences. The disease has different causes, and therapy for each patient is selected individually, a diet with atopic dermatitis is indicated in all cases. It is about this and will be discussed in this article.

Can debut in both infant, child and adolescent, adulthood, tangibly wedging in the usual way of life of a person and breaking it.

Causes of the disease are not reliably determined. It is believed that the role is played by:

  • hereditary factor;
  • genetic disorders;
  • the presence of other allergic diseases.

The difference between atopic dermatitis and contact allergic is that the irritants causing an exacerbation of the disease can be:

  • specific allergens (in this case, developing exogenous dermatitis),
  • any other substances are not allergenic (and then the disease is considered endogenous).

In practice, two main types of diets are used: elimination and rotational.

Elimination diet for atopic dermatitis

This is a very tough diet, which is recommended, for the most part, to adults, or to a child in case of severe exacerbation. The meaning is as follows:

  • completely “clean”, “zero” the diet;
  • then, introducing one product in a few days, identify the allergen-stimulus;
  • minimize allergenic effects on the body.

The diet consists of several stages. The menu for each day is as follows:

  • 1-3 day: water and crackers (without salt, sugar, other additives);
  • 4-5 day: the introduction of a meat product (one type). It can be boiled beef, tongue, lean pork;
  • 6-7 day: introduction of a dairy product (preferably fermented milk);
  • 8-9 day: introduction of vegetables (boiled);
  • 10-11 day: the introduction of cereals.

In the event that the body responds well to the diet, there is no exacerbation of the disease, admissible attempts to introduce: low-fat birds (chicken, turkey), fruits (bananas, apples) – if there is no allergy to them, pollinosis with cross reactivity, with good tolerability.

Less than in 10% of children with atopic dermatitis, food allergy or intolerance is a provocative factor. Therefore, elimination diets have a beneficial effect on the course of the disease in only a small group of children.

Rotational diet for atopic dermatitis

It implies a slightly more complex principle of introducing new products. This is not such a strict diet, so it can be appointed (and most often prescribed) to the child.

  1. With this type of dietary nutrition is shown to use 1 product no more than once in 4 days.
  2. In addition, in one day it is recommended to have only 1 type of each type of products: for example, only beef, only rice and only kefir.

The optimal “start” diet are 4 kind of products: meat, cereals, dairy products and 1 vegetable.

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