Natural components in the prevention and treatment of diseases are represented by many cultures, including peanuts.
This plant is a family of legumes, cultivated in regions with warm climates.
Peanuts have a large supply of components useful to the human body.
And its name came from the Greek word "arachne", which means "spider".
Such a definition of this kind of nuts was received because of the characteristic of its shell pattern.
History and halo of habitat
The native land of this plant is the American continent, in particular – Bolivia and Argentina.
It was from here that this nut was brought to India and Japan, and also to Madagascar.
Peanut fruits were brought to Europe from India.
For the first time artificial cultivation of this nut was made in Senegal in 1840 year, from where its supply to the cities of France was established.
In Russia, for the first time about these fruits became known in the 18 century, when in 1792 from Turkey its first batch was delivered.
And therefore, the volumes of its growing every year increase – only in the US annually 450000 tons of this product are extracted.
The main curative product based on peanut raw materials is oil.
Useful ingredients in peanuts
One of the main values for the content of nutrients in peanuts is its caloric value.
Half of the composition of this fruit falls on fats – their proportion reaches 50 percent.
No less significant proportion is the protein content – its mass in the peanut structure is 26 gram for every 100 g of product.
Almost half of it contains carbohydrates – up to 10 g for 100 g of fruit.
The ash content is about 3 grams, and the food fibers are given 8
In addition to the large number of vitamins in the structure of the walnut, their high percentage is also noted.
In this plant is a group of vitamins B:
- In 1 (its part is 0,74 mg);
- In 2 (0,11 mg), as well as B5 (up to 1,767 mg), B6 (0,347 mg) and B9 (230 μg).
This is enough to compensate for the lack of vitamins in the body.
For example, thiamine (vitamin B1) should be supplied to the body in an amount of 1,5 mg, which is equivalent to the use of 200 g of the product.
But most of all it contains the content of vitamin PP, which accounts for 13,2 mg.
This amount of this vitamin can provide almost 90 percent of the daily dose requirement.
In this cognitive article, you can find feedback on the benefits of pumpkin oil. Eat right!
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Among the vitamin group of useful components in peanuts are vitamins C and E with the appropriate proportions in the chemical composition 5,35 mg and 10,2 mg.
This peanut in its composition is not limited only by vitamin means and contains sufficient amount of macronutrients to provide the body, including:
- Magnesium (Mg) – its share in the structure of the chemical composition reaches 183 mg. And such a volume of this element is about 46 percent of the required rate of magnesium intake per day;
Among other macronutrients are calcium (76,0-93,0 mg), sodium (18,0-23,0 mg), silicon and sulfur.
No less famous for this thermophilic fetus and the content of trace elements, whose role is also very high in the functioning of all systems and organs:
- Iron – its part provides 28 percent of the entire need during the day and is 5 mg for every 100 gram of nuts;
Among the important components for the prevention and treatment of this plant are amino acids.
The total number of essential amino acids is 12, and almost all of them provide almost the full daily dose for the stable functionality of the body.
For example, only tryptophan is supplied in 70% volume, and histidine is 57-59% of daily requirement for 0,62 volume
Together with this set of chemical and biological composition of peanuts there are 8 interchangeable amino acids.
Useful effect on the body
In the process of medical research, the beneficial effect of peanuts and the components contained in it on the prevention and treatment of many diseases was established.
Thus, in particular, this product promotes better absorption of glucose in diabetes mellitus, and the presence of zinc in it promotes the prolongation of the action of insulin.
Vegetable fats provide complete functionality of the liver and are useful in gastritis and ulcer diseases.
- When frying nuts in them, the level of antioxidants rises;
Contraindications for peanut use
However, with all the advantages of this bean, it also has a negative impact on the body in some cases.
The content of oxalates in nuts in the form of oxalic acid salts leads to the activation of the formation of stones in the gall bladder or in the kidneys.
A large concentration of protein makes it undesirable to use peanuts with patients with different degrees of arthrosis.
A haemostatic properties of the nut make it an undesirable product in the expansion of veins.
To digest this product requires a large expenditure of energy, so this kind of nut is contraindicated in cases of pancreatitis.
Due to the high content of purines, peanuts should not be consumed when gout occurs, since these components contribute to the deposition of salts.
Given the rich content of various components in peanut fruits, it is important to exercise prudence with regard to its use, since the same properties of the elements contained can have different effects on different pathological manifestations.
In any case, before switching on this product in the diet, you should consult your doctor.
An interesting video in which you will be told what is so useful peanut nut for the body, what are the contraindications in its use.
The article is really very useful. I knew that peanuts treat anemia. I was very surprised that they also treat infertility.