If we are talking about cabbage inflorescences, it seems immediately familiar from childhood "cauliflower" with a light stalk and white and milky caps of flowers.
Recently, more often you can meet on the shelves is very similar, but with a green color inflorescences cabbage – broccoli.
It is an annual vegetable plant, a family of cabbage, a subspecies of cauliflower. Accordingly, and edible it has the same parts as cabbage.
Where and how it grows?
Indeed, these are plants belonging to the same family, and the species, but the subspecies are different.
Broccoli was bred by selection of cauliflower.
It is believed that this kind of cabbage was obtained in Rome.
The bush of the new culture was larger than its predecessor, the inflorescences had large buds of green color and had a pleasant taste.
Gradually, the breeders brought out new varieties of this cabbage, increasing resistance to certain conditions, adapting to a wider range of growth, increasing yield.
Now broccoli is grown practically around the globe.
It is well suited to a temperate continental climate, with low – up to 23 – 25 ⁰With temperatures, and high humidity.
Industrially broccoli is grown in India, China, Spain, France and Italy.
The composition of broccoli and its usefulness for the body
The useful properties of broccoli are largely due to vitamins, micro- and macro elements that make up its composition.
Cellulose – provides cleansing of the body of toxins, cholesterol, toxins.
Calcium – in 100 g of this cabbage contains about 50 mg of calcium, about the same amount is contained in 40 ml of milk.
Therefore, broccoli must necessarily be included in the diet of children.
In addition, it becomes simply irreplaceable to people suffering from lactase deficiency.
potassium – is one of the main elements, without which the functioning of the body is not possible.
In the cabbage it is 316 mg.
It is necessary for muscle contraction.
Consequently, the functioning of the heart and other muscles depends on its sufficient number.
Together with sodium and chlorine provide a potential difference on the cell membranes, making it possible to transport nutrients in the cells.
The content of 33 mg, the daily norm of 4 gram, most of it is obtained with salt, but it is important to do it in unbound form, which is in vegetables.
- Participates in water-salt metabolism, so it is important for the excretory system;
- It is necessary for the digestive system;
- Regulates the osmotic pressure in cells.
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Also in the broccoli contains iron, without which it is impossible to transport oxygen in the body, as well as the functioning of the glands of internal secretion.
Magnesium – can not be replaced for brain work.
Phosphorus – an obligatory component of bone structures of the human body.
According to the content of vitamins cabbage broccoli is superior to many vegetables, it contains:
- Beta-carotene – perfectly affects the skin condition, provides antioxidant protection of the body, promotes cell rejuvenation, provides health to the organs of vision;
The greatest benefit from fresh vegetables, through 3 days of storage at a temperature above 10 ⁰C, the useful properties are reduced by a third.
Well stored in frozen form.
For this, dry, fast freezing is good; and it is important that the vegetables do not thaw during transportation.
Caloric content and nutritional value
Broccoli has a low calorie content, total 34 kcal, with even less boiled cabbage – 27 kcal.
The protein content is 3 gram, this protein resembles the animal structure, but the use of broccoli does not lead to a choking of the body with cholesterol, as eating meat.
The carbohydrate content is 7 grams, but of them only 1,3 grams of sugar, the remaining carbohydrates are complex, they are split for a long time without causing a large release of insulin.
Therefore, this vegetable is especially valuable for diabetics.
There is no fat in it.
Another important indicator is the glycemic index, in broccoli at the level of 10 units, which makes it an excellent means of combating cellulite.
Broccoli cabbage is a wonderful product for the whole family.
It will have a beneficial effect on the body, help in the fight against certain diseases (such as cancer, due to the large amount of antioxidant components).
It will be an excellent food for slimming – small energy value is compensated by high food.
And it will be an excellent addition to the children's diet.
Varieties and varieties
Several varieties of such cabbage are listed.
One of the species is the stem, unlike the classical inflorescence, it is not assembled into one large head, but has small disjointed inflorescences, on a large stem.
A very interesting kind of broccoli is red.
An interesting color with excellent nutritional and taste qualities make it valuable in cooking.
Kailan is a Chinese kind of this sort of cabbage properties of cap, with its classical binding only taste, but in general it is leafy cabbage.
How to cook broccoli?
The best way to eat broccoli is in raw salads.
This is the only way to get the maximum benefit from a vegetable.
The recipe for a very tasty and healthy salad with fresh broccoli is obtained by adding purified red grapefruit, pomegranate seeds, walnuts, a well of useful substances that perform useful properties for the body.
And to refuel 1 a tablespoon of honey mixed with two spoons of white wine vinegar and one spoon of olive oil.
The optimal method of cooking for this cabbage is steaming, or boiling.
The duration of heat treatment should not exceed 4 – 5 minutes, otherwise the most valuable vitamins will be lost.
There is a method of preparing "Al dente" – the broccoli is blanched in steep boiling water 3 – 4 min, and then dipped in water with ice.
With boiled broccoli, you can prepare a very nutritious salad, balanced on proteins, fats, carbohydrates and vitamins. 600 gram of white chicken meat, boil.
Broccoli – 800 gram, boil. Hard cheese 20 g. Fill with homemade mayonnaise.
With some diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, you need to carefully treat the consumption of a number of vegetables, including broccoli, despite its useful properties, it has some contraindications.
This especially applies to people suffering from high acidity of the stomach.
Or in those cases when there is an individual intolerance to this type of cabbage.
In this video, you will be told about its composition and the most useful properties of this kind of cabbage.