The word “diet” for many people sounds like a verdict. Diet means forget about delicious, high-calorie, even if not very healthy dishes. Is it really? Women believe that adhering to a diet means forgetting cakes, cakes and chocolate, and for men it’s a life without meat and delicacies. All these judgments are erroneous. It’s delicious and useful. In Greek, the word “diet” means a way of life, a way of eating, and nutrition is life.
In most cases, people start to adhere to a diet when they decide to lose weight, lose extra pounds before any significant event or after some kind of transferred illness or surgery. After a serious illness before a person is the choice: stick to a healthy diet or live a smaller number of years. Stroke is the reason when it is necessary to adhere to proper nutrition. Diet after a stroke – what is it? Is it possible to live a full life after suffering a disease and lead an active lifestyle? In life everything is possible, you just want to.
What is a stroke? Stroke means a sharp acute violation of the blood supply to any part of the brain. The brain starts to work differently, which entails a number of disorders and side effects. The recovery process after the disease is very long and difficult, it requires many restrictions and a change in the way of life of the patient.
There are several types of stroke:
- Ischemic stroke. This is a condition where one or more vessels that supply the brain are clogged up.
- Hemorrhagic stroke. This condition, when the vessel is torn, a hemorrhage occurs and a hematoma is formed. This type of stroke is much more dangerous than ischemic.
Diet with ischemic stroke
If you strictly follow the doctor’s instructions and adhere to some rules in the diet, you can avoid the return of a stroke or to prevent an attack. Alcohol is a stimulant of a stroke attack in 60-70% of cases.
After the seizure of ischemic stroke, it is necessary to use rye bread in the menu, in the shops the bread suppliers offer salt-free bread baked without the use of yeast. This is what should be eaten. If there is no such bread on the shelves, then the consumption of wheat should be limited to 1 a slice for 1 food intake. Sour cream and other dairy products are very useful for the body, but the fat content of sour cream should not exceed 15%, and milk – 1,5%. Cottage cheese and cheese should also be fat-free. Eggs should be limited to 2-3 pieces per week, from them you can cook omelets or cook soft-boiled. Boiled hard-boiled eggs are not recommended in use. A large number of cereals and vegetable soups should be present in the menu after a stroke. Porridge should be cooked on water or skim milk. It is recommended 3-4 once a week to eat buckwheat porridge with kefir. After a stroke, you need to limit sugar and confectionery, but you can eat honey and jam. Meat and fish are allowed to be fat-free.
Ischemic stroke puts under ban the following dishes: fatty meat, fish and mushroom types of food, smoked, fatty and fried, ice cream and chocolate.
Alcohol is also banned, although some people believe that alcohol in small doses with strokes is helpful. This judgment is erroneous.
Sample menu after an ischemic stroke
Breakfast: an egg, boiled soft-boiled, a glass of green tea without sugar, a slice of rye bread with cheese, a vegetable salad dressed with low-fat sour cream.
Lunch: vegetable soup, you can with cabbage, or borsch, but the beetroot is not fried and the broth is cooked with chicken breast. Buckwheat porridge boiled without salt, and a glass of kefir. One piece of bread. Toast with honey or jam. All food should be cooked without salt, you can slightly add food during use.
Dinner: skim curd and any dairy products, boiled chicken breast, 2 any fruit and greens. A glass of mors or green tea. You can drink black tea, but it should be not strong.
If a person before an attack of an insult was an alcoholic, but he wants to quit and improve his health, then he has a chance. At once it is impossible to refuse alcohol, the body will not accept a new way of life abruptly, therefore it should be prepared. First you need to reduce the amount of alcohol you drink. In a day you can drink a glass of dry wine 200-300 ml, after 2 weeks, the dose should be reduced by half, after a month completely refusing to drink alcohol, because alcohol ruins and a healthy body, and with stroke can be the cause of death.
If the patient is an avid smoker, then it will be difficult to give up cigarettes. But it is better to replace cigarettes with a special adhesive or pills.
Diet after a stroke of hemorrhagic type
Patients after a course of treatment with medicines should eat a large number of fruits and vegetables, which include magnesium. If the patient suffers from high blood pressure, then the use of salt should be excluded altogether. Control over pressure should be carried out at least 3 once a day. Nutrition after a stroke should be balanced.
The approximate recipe for health is quite simple: no alcohol, tobacco and fatty foods. Weight should be normal. If the patient suffers from an excess of body weight, then you must first bring the weight back to normal, exclude everything salty, smoked, fatty and fried. Eat more fruits and vegetables, chicken and fish, steamed.
To clean the vessels, it is good to eat sea fish and sea kale at least once a week. Sea kale is rich in iodine, it perfectly cleanses blood vessels and reduces the risk of an attack of hemorrhagic stroke.
Diet for strokes is a salvation for many people, sticking to it is not difficult, the recipes are simple. Products should be fresh and low-fat – this is the main rule.