Diet and menu for allergies in the child. List of allowed products and recipes
Children are increasingly encountered different types of allergies. Proper treatment and maintenance of the normal state of the body include the implementation of a whole range of activities, including the observance of a special diet.
Many parents do not understand the principles and importance of a special diet for toddlers. It is necessary to understand how necessary and important is the hypoallergenic diet for children. What can and can not eat with allergies? How to properly make a menu and develop a diet for infants and children 4 or 10 years?
Hypoallergenic diet is a very important component in the complex treatment of food allergy in a child
When is a hypoallergenic diet prescribed for children?
A specific diet is prescribed exclusively by an allergist by the results of a patient’s examination. With food allergies, it can differ depending on the type of provoking allergen (milk, nuts, animal protein, etc.).
However, there is the concept of “hypoallergenic diet”, which is prescribed for any immune reactions of the body. This is a vast basic diet, excluding all foods with high allergic activity (which most often provoke the appearance of a reaction). That is, such a diet implies the complete exclusion of all allergen products.
Its main task is to reduce the allergic load on the body (reduce the effect of irritants). In addition, a complex diet avoids a cross-allergic reaction.
Special food is prescribed for:
- food allergies;
- Pollinosis (reactions to pollen);
- hypersensitivity to insect bites, certain plants, materials and household chemicals (manifested on the skin);
- allergies to medicines;
- at the primary stages of the medical examination (with an acute reaction of the organism until the precise determination of the exciter protein).
If the child’s organism does not perceive a certain product (or a number of products), it must be completely excluded from the diet. It is necessary to ensure that it is not contained in the finished goods store.
Doctors practice a specific elimination diet. It involves the sequential exclusion of products and monitoring the health of the baby. Such therapy becomes indispensable when it is impossible to conduct the necessary medical tests and analyzes.
A common diet presupposes a basic diet that includes the most “safe” products for allergy sufferers. Hypoallergenic nutrition is necessary for all types of allergies, including those that manifest a rash on the skin. It helps to reduce the burden on the body and prevent the occurrence of complications.
Rules for little allergy sufferers
When a strict diet concerns a small child, it is important to take responsibility for the preparation of the diet and fulfill all the prescriptions of an allergist. It should include the necessary amount of useful substances and trace elements for the correct development and growth of the baby.
The menu of an allergic baby should be made according to the recommendations of the doctor, it is not worthwhile to make experiments in the lure
For a stable positive result, children with allergies need to adhere to important rules:
- regularly visit an allergist and take tests (to monitor the condition of the child);
- accurately follow all medical prescriptions and not allow children “weaknesses”;
- regularly adjust the diet (in the process of growing up to 7-8 years, one food reaction can pass, and another – to appear);
- Monitor the child’s environment (do not allow dust accumulation, exclude houseplants, pets, buy suitable hygiene products, etc.).
List of allowed products for allergies
In scientific theory, lists of “safe” and “banned” food items have been repeatedly singled out, depending on how they affect the child.
- soups with cereals and vegetables;
- fermented milk products and butter;
- vegetable oil (sunflower, olive);
- rice, buckwheat;
- poor bread;
- fresh cucumbers (more details in the article: Is it possible for a child to have cucumbers during breastfeeding?);
- baked apples, apple compote;
- tea with sugar.
What can not be eaten by allergic children?
There are several lists of dangerous foods, according to the theories of different specialists. Nevertheless, in many respects their opinions converge. A sufficient list of products that are most often provoked by the allergic reaction of the organism is allocated.
The table lists high-allergenic foods from the non-specific (basic) diet. It is prescribed for exacerbation of the disease, at the stage of diagnosis and treatment, and in other cases as prescribed by an allergist. When the baby gets better, the doctor reviews the strict diet and gradually expands the diet.
When lactose intolerance (casein) is mandatory, cow milk, butter and margarine, milk powder, condensed milk and whey are excluded. Dairy products such as kefir, fermented milk, cottage cheese, yoghurt, cream, ice cream, etc. are also subject to ban. It is noteworthy that some children positively tolerate goat or cow’s milk, but it can be administered only after permission of the doctor. It is important to remember that “milk” is contained in almost all pastries and sweets.
Intolerance to gluten suggests a complete rejection of cereals, pasta, bread and baking. Fortunately, some manufacturers have started to actively produce gluten-free products, which allows to expand the meager menu of allergies.
Sample menu for every day for children of different ages
Making a menu for an allergic child is a responsible and complex process. Parents who have recently encountered a problem should be assisted by an allergist and a dietitian. It is necessary to consider the important factors that affect the health of the baby. Children are actively growing and developing. Their diet should be as balanced and varied as possible.
The necessary trace elements from prohibited products must be replenished at the expense of another, “safe” food. All dishes are steamed, baked, boiled or stewed. If the first dishes are cooked on meat, the first broth must merge. Before cooking, the groats are soaked in cold water for several hours.
Also, remember that the menu needs regular adjustments. As the child grows up, another set of microelements and vitamins is needed. Over time (at the age of about 10 years), some allergic reactions can occur on their own, and others – unexpectedly occur.
It is necessary to visit a regular allergist on a regular basis, which based on the child’s health will adjust the menu
Newborns and infants up to one year of age
Children of the first year of life are usually breastfed, so the lactating mother keeps a hypoallergenic diet. Depending on the type of disease, it can be nonspecific (general) or specific.
If the baby is transferred to artificial feeding, the doctor selects the right mixture. Almost every brand produces food for newborn allergies.
For other types of allergies, you need to choose a hypoallergenic food for the baby. The most popular manufacturers are Nan, Nutrilon, Similak, Nestozhen, Nutrilak, Bellakt, Friso, Malyutka. A suitable mixture is not always obtained from the first time. If any side effects occur (rash, vomiting, insufficient or excessive weight gain), the food should be changed.
Observance of a special diet at this age is of great importance. With all the rules, the kid can eventually get rid of the problem.
- At 1 a year, cow’s milk is completely excluded. Sour milk products are introduced gradually if the baby reacts normally to it. He should eat separately from the adult table. Dishes are prepared from natural raw materials, with a minimum of salt and without spices.
- In 2 year, chicken or quail eggs can be consumed (if the organism tolerates them). Parents prepare meals separately by the same rules.
- In 3, the crumb is gradually transferred to the “adult” table, excluding the irritating allergen. With the basic diet, fish and nuts are allowed. Under strict prohibition are citrus and tropical fruits, tomatoes, mushrooms, strawberries, chocolate and cocoa.
Sample menu for the day:
- Breakfast. Buckwheat on milk, tea, cottage cheese (cheese), apple.
- Dinner. Vegetarian soup with noodles, steamed meat cutlet, boiled rice, compote.
- Snack. Kefir or yogurt, bread (dry biscuit), apple.
- Dinner. Salad from fresh cabbage, seasoned with vegetable oil, potatoes with boiled meat, tea.
- Second supper (before bedtime). Kefir, yogurt or fermented baked milk.
In 4, 7 or 8 years, the menu differs from the adult only in size portions. Children are forbidden to feed “aggressive” products, harmful sweets and sweet soda, fast food, half-finished products. To compose a full-fledged diet for a grown up child is somewhat easier than for a baby. For older teens, coffee and alcohol are dangerous.