Children are increasingly encountered different types of allergies. Proper treatment and maintenance of the normal state of the body include the implementation of a whole range of activities, including the observance of a special diet.
Many parents do not understand the principles and importance of a special diet for toddlers. It is necessary to understand how necessary and important is the hypoallergenic diet for children. What can and can not eat with allergies? How to properly make a menu and develop a diet for infants and children 4 or 10 years?
A specific diet is prescribed exclusively by an allergist by the results of a patient’s examination. With food allergies, it can differ depending on the type of provoking allergen (milk, nuts, animal protein, etc.).
However, there is the concept of “hypoallergenic diet”, which is prescribed for any immune reactions of the body. This is a vast basic diet, excluding all foods with high allergic activity (which most often provoke the appearance of a reaction). That is, such a diet implies the complete exclusion of all allergen products.
Its main task is to reduce the allergic load on the body (reduce the effect of irritants). In addition, a complex diet avoids a cross-allergic reaction.
Special food is prescribed for:
If the child’s organism does not perceive a certain product (or a number of products), it must be completely excluded from the diet. It is necessary to ensure that it is not contained in the finished goods store.
Doctors practice a specific elimination diet. It involves the sequential exclusion of products and monitoring the health of the baby. Such therapy becomes indispensable when it is impossible to conduct the necessary medical tests and analyzes.
A common diet presupposes a basic diet that includes the most “safe” products for allergy sufferers. Hypoallergenic nutrition is necessary for all types of allergies, including those that manifest a rash on the skin. It helps to reduce the burden on the body and prevent the occurrence of complications.
When a strict diet concerns a small child, it is important to take responsibility for the preparation of the diet and fulfill all the prescriptions of an allergist. It should include the necessary amount of useful substances and trace elements for the correct development and growth of the baby.
For a stable positive result, children with allergies need to adhere to important rules:
In scientific theory, lists of “safe” and “banned” food items have been repeatedly singled out, depending on how they affect the child.
There are several lists of dangerous foods, according to the theories of different specialists. Nevertheless, in many respects their opinions converge. A sufficient list of products that are most often provoked by the allergic reaction of the organism is allocated.
The table lists high-allergenic foods from the non-specific (basic) diet. It is prescribed for exacerbation of the disease, at the stage of diagnosis and treatment, and in other cases as prescribed by an allergist. When the baby gets better, the doctor reviews the strict diet and gradually expands the diet.
When lactose intolerance (casein) is mandatory, cow milk, butter and margarine, milk powder, condensed milk and whey are excluded. Dairy products such as kefir, fermented milk, cottage cheese, yoghurt, cream, ice cream, etc. are also subject to ban. It is noteworthy that some children positively tolerate goat or cow’s milk, but it can be administered only after permission of the doctor. It is important to remember that “milk” is contained in almost all pastries and sweets.
Intolerance to gluten suggests a complete rejection of cereals, pasta, bread and baking. Fortunately, some manufacturers have started to actively produce gluten-free products, which allows to expand the meager menu of allergies.
Making a menu for an allergic child is a responsible and complex process. Parents who have recently encountered a problem should be assisted by an allergist and a dietitian. It is necessary to consider the important factors that affect the health of the baby. Children are actively growing and developing. Their diet should be as balanced and varied as possible.
The necessary trace elements from prohibited products must be replenished at the expense of another, “safe” food. All dishes are steamed, baked, boiled or stewed. If the first dishes are cooked on meat, the first broth must merge. Before cooking, the groats are soaked in cold water for several hours.
Also, remember that the menu needs regular adjustments. As the child grows up, another set of microelements and vitamins is needed. Over time (at the age of about 10 years), some allergic reactions can occur on their own, and others – unexpectedly occur.
Children of the first year of life are usually breastfed, so the lactating mother keeps a hypoallergenic diet. Depending on the type of disease, it can be nonspecific (general) or specific.
If the baby is transferred to artificial feeding, the doctor selects the right mixture. Almost every brand produces food for newborn allergies.
For other types of allergies, you need to choose a hypoallergenic food for the baby. The most popular manufacturers are Nan, Nutrilon, Similak, Nestozhen, Nutrilak, Bellakt, Friso, Malyutka. A suitable mixture is not always obtained from the first time. If any side effects occur (rash, vomiting, insufficient or excessive weight gain), the food should be changed.
Observance of a special diet at this age is of great importance. With all the rules, the kid can eventually get rid of the problem.
Sample menu for the day:
In 4, 7 or 8 years, the menu differs from the adult only in size portions. Children are forbidden to feed “aggressive” products, harmful sweets and sweet soda, fast food, half-finished products. To compose a full-fledged diet for a grown up child is somewhat easier than for a baby. For older teens, coffee and alcohol are dangerous.