Diet during pregnancy 2 trimester: a menu for a week
Pregnancy is one of the most important and timid periods in the life of every woman. In anticipation of the baby, expectant mothers bear a huge responsibility, changing the way of life, the old habits and diet. It is from the diet of a pregnant woman that the normal intrauterine development of the baby directly depends, and therefore it is important to follow a diet aimed at replenishing all necessary vitamins and minerals in the body.
Pregnancy is divided into three terms. Each of them has its own peculiarities in the formation and development of the fetus. Diet in each trimester has its own nuances. In the second trimester, there is an active development of all organs and systems in the fetus, the mass of the brain increases, the bone system is strengthened, and the makings of teeth are laid. Proceeding from this, the diet during pregnancy in the second trimester should contain foods rich in calcium, vitamin D, iron.
The essence of diet during pregnancy
Nutrition during pregnancy 2 trimester should be balanced and varied. The diet should include foods rich in vitamin A (carrots, pumpkin, apricots, spinach), which favorably affects the growth and development of bone tissue of the fetus, its skin and retina. In the diet menu, foods with a high content of folic acid (for example, apple-celery juice) must be included, which is necessary for the formation of blood cells and the central nervous system of the child.
In the second trimester of pregnancy, women often develop hypovitaminosis, and almost all iron stores are depleted. Therefore, when dieting, it is necessary to limit the amount of salt used, which delays the absorption of iron in the body. Every day during a diet during pregnancy in the second trimester, you should eat foods that are fortified with calcium (cottage cheese, yogurt, milk). However, calcium is absorbed by the body only in combination with vitamin D, which is found in sea fish, egg yolks, cream and vegetable oil.
Diet during pregnancy 2 trimester – basic rules:
- Eat should be with the diet often, at least 5 once a day. Allow long breaks between meals is impossible;
- Portions of dishes should be small. It is better to eat with a diet during pregnancy in the second trimester often, but little by little;
- The amount of liquid consumed per day is recommended to be reduced to 1-1,5 liters per day;
- The use of salt during a diet during pregnancy should be minimized;
- Dishes with a diet are recommended to boil, stew, bake. Fried dishes can lead to increased cholesterol levels in the blood during pregnancy;
- Daily with a diet is recommended to drink a decoction of wild rose, which is rich in vitamin C, necessary for the placenta.
In the second trimester of pregnancy there is almost no toxicosis. The future mother has an increased appetite, the fetus has its own food preferences, which often leads to a change in the gastronomic habits of women. However, to get involved in high-calorie foods and the more it is not necessary to overeat, which will contribute not to the growth of the fetus, but to the deposition of fat accumulation in the future mother, from which it will be difficult to get rid of later after childbirth. Diet during pregnancy 2 trimester for weight reduction is to reduce to a minimum fresh baked goods, confectionery with an abundance of cream, sweet desserts. Excess weight gained during pregnancy can lead not only to loss of harmony, but also to the appearance of varicose veins and drawing pains in the legs.
In the second trimester the fetus starts to breathe, and therefore it is necessary to ensure sufficient intake of oxygen into the body. Pregnant women are recommended daily walks in the fresh air, gymnastics.
Allowed and prohibited foods during pregnancy
Diet during pregnancy 2 trimester – allowed products:
- Low-fat meat and poultry (veal, beef, rabbit, turkey, chicken);
- Fish and seafood;
- Dairy and sour-milk products (cottage cheese, yoghurt, kefir, cheese, butter);
- By-products (in particular cod liver);
- Porridge and cereals (buckwheat, oats, rice);
- Vegetables (spinach, celery, beets, carrots, pumpkin);
- Fruits and berries (apricots, apples, pears, raspberries, currants);
- Greens (parsley, dill, basil);
- Dried fruits (especially raisins);
- Nuts and seeds;
- Vegetable, olive oil.
From drinks during a diet during pregnancy are recommended: vegetable and fruit juices, broth of a dogrose, fruit drinks, compotes.
Diet in pregnancy 2 trimester – Prohibited foods:
- Fatty meat and poultry;
- Fatty and fried foods;
- Confectionery and flour products with an abundance of creams;
- Marinades, pickles, smoked products;
- Spicy dishes;
- Alcoholic beverages.
During the diet during pregnancy at 2 trimester, you should use with caution allergenic foods, for example, strawberries, citrus fruits, which can trigger allergic reactions in the child in the future.
Diet in Pregnancy2 trimester – an approximate menu for the week (breakfast, lunch, lunch, afternoon snack, dinner):
- Oatmeal with dried fruits;
- 2 apricot;
- Chicken soup with pieces of poultry meat. 2 a piece of bran bread;
- A glass of yogurt;
- Buckwheat. Fish meatballs. Salad from grated carrots.
- Pumpkin porridge on milk;
- An ear with pieces of fish. 2 a piece of rye bread;
- A handful of walnuts;
- Fig. Baked salmon steak. Greek salad".
- Cottage cheese, dressed with yogurt with raisins;
- An Apple;
- Cream of spinach soup with croutons. Boiled chicken breast;
- Prunes stuffed with nuts;
- Vegetable stew. Veal meatballs in tomato sauce.
- Buckwheat porridge on milk;
- Berry fruit drink;
- Borsch with beef meat and sour cream. 2 a piece of whole grain bread;
- A glass of fermented baked milk;
- Mashed potatoes. Cod liver. Salad of cucumbers and tomatoes.
- Cheesecakes with raisins and sour cream;
- Tomato juice;
- Pea soup with croutons. Boiled turkey fillet;
- A cheese sandwich;
- Pilaf with seafood. Salad with beets.
- Muesli with dried fruits and nuts;
- Fruit salad;
- Broth with croutons. Fish souffle;
- A glass of curdled milk;
- Spaghetti with cheese. Baked pike perch with spinach.
- Omelet from 2 eggs with tomato;
- Apple-celery juice;
- Cream soup with broccoli. Steam cutlets from beef;
- Handful of almonds;
- Mackerel baked with vegetables. Salad with green beans.
In breaks between meals during a diet during pregnancy in the second trimester, you can have a snack with fruits, seeds, nuts, milk and sour milk products.
Recipes of meals during a diet during pregnancy 2 trimester
- Peas 1 glass;
- Chicken breast 500 gr;
- Carrots 1 pcs;
- Onions 1 pcs;
- Vegetable oil 1 item;
- Greens to taste;
- Salt pinch.
- Peas pick, rinse, drain water.
- Pour peas with clean water, leave to insist on the night.
- Transfer the peas into a saucepan, add water, bring to a boil and cook over low heat 30 minutes.
- Chicken fillet washed, cut into cubes, add to the peas. Cook for 15 minutes.
- Onions and carrots peel. Onion cut into cubes, grate the carrots.
- On a frying pan heated with vegetable oil, fry the onions to golden color, add carrots to it, stew for 5 minutes, stirring occasionally.
- Send the vegetable sauce in the soup, salt. Cook for 15 minutes.
- Before serving, decorate the soup with chopped herbs (dill, parsley).
Include in the diet menu during pregnancy in the second trimester a hearty pea soup for lunch.
- Peel apples from the peel and seeds, cut into slices.
- Celery should be washed, dried, chopped.
- With the help of a juicer squeeze out the juice from apples and celery.
- Stir to a homogeneous consistency.
Apple-celery juice is rich in folic acid, and therefore certainly include it in your diet diet during pregnancy in the second trimester.
Prunes stuffed with nuts
Prunes stuffed with nuts
- Prune pour boiling water, leave to insist on 5 minutes.
- Strain the water, take out the prunes, prune them with peeled walnuts.
- Transfer the prunes into a saucepan, add water, cook over low heat 15-20 minutes until cooked. Strain the water, transfer the prunes into a dish.
- Beat up sugar with sour cream. Pour the sauce over the prunes.
Spoil yourself with prunes stuffed with nuts while following a diet during pregnancy in the second trimester.
Veal meatballs in tomato sauce
Veal meatballs in tomato sauce
- Beef mince 400 gr;
- Onions 1 pcs;
- Egg 1 pcs;
- Breadcrumbs 1 item;
- Vegetable oil 2 item;
- Tomato paste 2 st.l.
- Salt pinch.
- In the mince add an egg, breadcrumbs and salt, mix thoroughly until a homogeneous consistency is obtained.
- Form small stuffed meatballs in the form of balls.
- Fry the meatballs from two sides in a pan with warmed vegetable oil, put into a saucepan.
- Add a liter of water to 2 st.l. tomato paste, mix, pour the meatball sauce.
- Bring to a boil, reduce the gas and simmer for 20 minutes.
Appetizing veal meatballs in tomato sauce is recommended to be included in the diet menu during pregnancy in the second trimester for dinner.
Salad with green beans
- Chicken breast 250 gr;
- String beans 500 gr;
- Onions 1 pcs;
- Bulgarian pepper 1 pcs;
- Vegetable oil 3 item;
- Greens to taste.
- String the beans into a saucepan, add water, cook for 5 minutes, then drain.
- Chicken breast rinse, dry, cut into strips, put into a pan, pour water, bring to a boil and cook for 15 minutes, then drain.
- Onions peeled, cut into cubes. Remove the Bulgarian pepper from the seeds, cut into half rings.
- In a heated frying pan with vegetable oil, pass onion until half cooked, then add chopped peppers and beans to it, stew for 5 minutes.
- Add to the vegetables boiled chicken meat, stew for another 5 minutes, stirring occasionally.
- Before serving, decorate the dish with chopped herbs to taste.
Spicy salad with green beans will enrich the body with vitamins while dieting during pregnancy in the second trimester.