Diet for allergies in adults and children
Allergy is an acute sensitivity of the organism to any allergen. Allergic reactions manifest themselves in different ways. It depends on the place of their location in the body and the mechanism of occurrence. Most often, allergies appear due to the use of certain foods. In this case, there is a need for a diet.
This type of menu is otherwise called hypoallergenic. Assigned if the food allergen is not exactly installed. A properly selected diet serves to diagnose an allergenic product. Accurately adhering to all the rules of the diet, gradually and consistently introducing new products, you can determine which products cause allergies.
Diagnostic diet is prescribed to unload the body from food in any cases of intolerance. This is a universal diet for exacerbating allergies, regardless of its sources.
Do not use the following products:
It is necessary to exclude all smoked products and semi-finished products, preservatives, marinades, salty products. Salt strengthens allergic reactions. The same can be said about alcoholic beverages.
The basis of this menu is vegetables and fruits. Allowed are:
Use more water. Instead of drinks with caffeine, drink juices, unsweetened compotes. Limit spices.
This menu is observed for several days. Then the prohibited products can be carefully introduced into the diet.
Basic diet with an allergy exacerbation
The purpose of such diets is to reduce the nutritional load and support the normal state of the body. Essentially, this is the first stage of a hypoallergenic diet. During an exacerbation of an allergy the doctor should define allergens and help in a choice of a diet.
The basic diet includes several stages:
- Only clean water per 2 liters per day is allowed.
- You should give up other drinks.
- Small portions begin to be introduced porridge, soups from vegetables, stale bread.
- This period lasts about 7 days.
- There are small portions of 5-6 once a day.
This diet lasts about two weeks after the disappearance of all manifestations of allergies. There are 4 times a day. Start eating chicken and meat, pasta, greens, milk, eggs, vegetables. Exclude chocolate, fruit, alcohol, smoked products, pastries, mushrooms, honey, confectionery.
If through testing and analysis the doctor was able to determine the allergen, then he will prescribe a diet in which there are no substances that cause the reaction. It will be necessary to abandon products containing components similar to this allergen, or cross-allergens.
If a person suffers from allergies all year round, then he should continuously observe such a diet. During the seasonal exacerbations, you should keep to a diet only during this period and do not necessarily stick to it at the rest of the time.
During an exacerbation, a person with an allergy is generally forbidden to eat. Only drink. Then gradually the doctor starts to introduce the least allergenic products. These are lamb, green apples, pears, beans, rice, cereals without gluten.
After the detection of the allergen, the doctor usually prescribes an elimination diet. This diet does not contain products with an allergen detected. It also excludes similar or cross-allergens.
It is prescribed during the period of exacerbations and during the period of the easing of symptoms to prevent exacerbations. Diets need to be adhered to constantly, if the allergy manifests itself throughout the year without exacerbation and recession.
There are several types of such diets:
Observed habitual diet, but carefully monitored the reaction of the body to different types of food. If there was an allergic reaction, then all the products that were on the menu at that time are excluded.
After a couple of weeks, when the symptoms go away, suspicious foods turn back to the menu alternately. This is carried out as follows: the patient eats a product, then 4 the day monitors his own well-being. If there is no evidence of an allergy, then the next product is introduced. If there are signs of allergic reactions, suspicious product is deleted from the menu.
It is used if a person has an allergy to several products at the same time. Before you start a diet, at night a cleansing enema is performed. From the next day, you should drink a few glasses of not very strong semisweet tea. Other foods are prohibited.
All this period to control your chair. With constipation, conduct enemas: first every evening, then – after 2 days. Any medicines are excluded. If an allergenic product is found, stop using it.
Elimination diet can last a long time. It depends on the degree of manifestation of allergy symptoms. Some products are enough to exclude from the menu for several weeks, and some – for years. For example, milk, carrots, fish are usually permanently deleted from the menu.
Excluded products are allowed to re-enter the diet after 10-12 months. This is the second stage of the diet. Usually at this stage, allergic reactions are extremely rare. Then do not use such food allergens.
There are no definite time frames for observing such a diet. Everything depends on the person's well-being and the degree of manifestation of reactions.
Begins in April and May. This is the initial period of seasonal allergy. In early spring, hazel, alder and birch blossom. In a few weeks – willow, maple, ash, poplar, elm.
May – the flowering of lilacs, conifers, apple trees, oak trees. The most malicious of them is the birch. In June, a lime blooms. 90% of people have allergies to tree pollen and food allergy at the same time. He shows a hypoallergenic diet.
- It is forbidden to eat honey, red fruits, young potatoes, carrots. Contraindicated broths of birch buds.
- Limit sweets, chocolate, cold drinks, pickles, marinades, food colorings, smoked semi-finished products, alcohol, preservatives.
- It is allowed to eat bread, meat, pasta, soups, eggs, milk, tea, coffee, beans, old potatoes, other vegetables, cereals.
At the end of July, another wave of pollen comes: an allergy to the pollen of cereals. In this season, haymaking passes, poplar fluff flies, and ordinary grass plants (bluegrass, timothy, hedgehog, fox tail, fescue, wheatgrass) cause sneezing attacks, tears, runny nose.
Allergy to cereals is usually accompanied by food. Therefore, you should follow a hypoallergenic diet.
The following foods are allowed to be eaten:
- vegetables, fruits;
- meat dishes;
- low-fat meat and vegetarian soups,
- milk, dairy products;
With care you can eat sugar, chocolate, pickles, smoked products, marinades, alcohol, food additives.
It is necessary to completely abandon:
- coffee drinks based on wheat;
- meat products with additives, sausages, canned food;
- vodka and beer from wheat;
- wheat, products from it.
You should drink plenty of fluids, including tea and coffee with milk. Mineral and carbonated water is allowed.
The release of pollen of weeds occurs in August – September. This is the final stage of pollinosis, the longest. Sometimes it lasts until the first snow. The most famous allergens are ragweed, wormwood, and quinoa. There are also less malignant: they all belong to the family of plantain, mare, and composite.
Allergens of weeds completely coincide in their structure and effects with allergens of domestic dust. For this reason, these types of allergies occur simultaneously.
It is recommended to stop using:
- alcoholic drinks based on wormwood;
- seeds and sunflower oil;
- watermelons, melons;
- spices, herbs.
Use with caution: carrots, garlic, citrus, bananas. When allergic to swans, exclude beets, spinach.
The following medicinal plants are forbidden: mother-and-stepmother, dandelion, tansy, wormwood, yarrow, elecampane, calendula, chamomile
When a person's body is too susceptible to a product, they say there is a food allergy. It can not be confused with food intolerance, which is more common. Food intolerance is somewhat similar to an allergy, but the mechanisms of their appearance are different.
With allergies, along with food in the human body through the stomach get substances that cause a reaction. The result is shown within 1 hours after eating. Even the smell of food can often cause an allergic reaction.
All products can be divided into 3 groups:
- Highly allergenic: fish, citrus, honey, chicken, coffee, eggs, some berries, fruits, chocolate, cocoa, tomatoes, dairy products, mustard, carrots, beets, wheat, nuts.
- Moderately allergenic substances contain peaches, red currants, cranberries, rice, corn, buckwheat, green pepper, potatoes, peas, turkey, rabbit.
- With low allergenicity: zucchini, watermelons, lettuce, bananas, apples, pork, pumpkin, turnips, horse meat, lamb, almonds, prunes
Very often allergies cause food additives, dyes, preservatives.
Food allergy is manifested by the following symptoms: swallowing of the mouth, throat after eating, nausea, vomiting, stomach pain, indigestion.
On the part of the respiratory organs: discharge from the nose, congestion, sneezing, coughing, choking, dyspnea. On the skin: itching, hives. In severe cases – edema Quincke.
The cause of food allergies is a violation of the immune system, resulting in the production of antibodies. These antibodies neutralize the severity of the course of an allergic reaction.
During the weakening of the symptoms of allergies, one should not return to the normal diet of a healthy person. You need to monitor your diet, use with caution foods that can cause the body's reaction:
- Food stew, cook, bake;
- Avoid fried foods;
- It is allowed to butter and vegetable oil;
- Avoid salted, smoked, pickled;
- Gradually introduce dairy products, especially dairy products;
- You can eat meat, but not sausages and sausages.
- Do not restrict vegetables, fruits, berries;
- Required in the diet are various cereals, soups, dishes from eggs;
- You can add milk to tea and coffee;
- Drink plenty of liquids, you can have fizzy drinks.
Do not abuse sweet foods, sugar, honey. Bread preferably yesterday, you can cookies, biscuits. Do not use products that cause allergic reactions. For example, if you are allergic to cereals, you should not eat foods that contain wheat: bread, semolina porridge. Eliminate dyes and preservatives.
For more details on dieting in the treatment of allergies, see the following video:
Food allergy is a scourge of our time. Many scientists in the world are looking for ways to cope with it, investigating its causes. But so far no success has been achieved in this struggle. Antihistamines relieve the condition, but do not heal. The only way to treat allergies is to avoid contact with the allergen.
With food allergies and some others that have the same mechanisms of emergence, the most effective way is to follow a diet. This helps to maintain good health and performance.
Any diet should be kept under medical supervision, after all tests and tests have been carried out.
All the same, the main thing in my opinion is to use less fluid, and there will be no swelling, but spices to edema.
I could not stand it on one water. Tried a diet, but I was only up until the evening. Although feel.
Slacker diets here are given, I was hoping to find here something like abc, ad and similar diets From the summer I.
A good drug, most importantly – do not overdo it with a dosage, which seems to have been a couple of times.