Diet for anemia for adults and children

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Anemia is a disease characterized by a decrease in red blood cells – red blood cells, as well as hemoglobin and respiratory function of blood, which leads to oxygen starvation of tissues. Often anemia is a symptom of another disease. The main reasons for the development of anemia include: infectious diseases, kidney disease, worm infection, insufficient bone marrow function, postoperative blood loss, as well as mental disorders, sedentary lifestyle, hard mental or physical labor. In addition to medicines, in anemia it is important to observe a specialized diet aimed at stimulating hemopoiesis (hematopoiesis process).

What is the diet for anemia in adults

The main symptoms of anemia are: weakness, fatigue, frequent headaches, tinnitus, nausea, drowsiness, dizziness, shortness of breath, brittle hair and nails, dry mouth and a sudden change in taste preferences.

  • Iron deficiency – iron deficiency in the body;
  • Hemolytic – rapid destruction of red blood cells;
  • Folic deficiency is a deficiency of folic acid and vitamin B12 in the body;
  • Sickle-cell – abnormal production of hemoglobin in the body under the influence of mutations;
  • Aplastic – a violation of the functionality of the bone marrow;
  • Posthemorrhagic – the consequence of an abundant loss of blood.

Diet in Anemia The 11 table on Pevzner is enriched with iron (the daily norm is not less than 20 g), amino acids, proteins and vitamins. The diet for iron deficiency anemia is aimed at replenishing the body's essential vitamins and trace elements, which triggered the development of the disease, namely: iron, folic acid, vitamins B12, C.

Therapeutic diet with iron deficiency anemia should be rich in products, with a high content of rapidly digestible iron (red meat, oat and buckwheat, ceps, seafood, offal, fruits, berries, dried fruits, honey).

Diet in hemolytic anemia involves the use of foods that take part in the blood and affect the rapid absorption of iron in the body. The diet should include products containing cobalt (kidney, liver, dog rose, currant, milk), copper (mushrooms, cereals, legumes), zinc (yeast, cheeses, mushrooms), manganese (beans, greens).

During pregnancy, it is important to monitor the level of hemoglobin in the blood. Its lack can negatively affect the formation of the internal organs of the child. The level of hemoglobin in the blood in a pregnant woman is determined after a general blood test. Diet for anemia in pregnant women is to limit the products containing calcium (milk and dairy products). Calcium affects the poor absorption of iron in the body. In addition to medications, pregnant women simply need to follow a diet that is prescribed from 3 to 6 months. The diet includes: lean meat, poultry, fish and seafood, offal, vegetables, fruits, bread, dried fruits, berries, nuts and honey.

An important dietary rule 11 table for Pevzner is a balanced diet. Eating with a diet should be allowed products, which in combination will help to normalize the exchange of iron in the body. To overeat during a diet it is not necessary, what not to accelerate process of convalescence, and becomes the reason of a set of excess weight. During the diet, it is recommended to take vitamin-mineral complexes in addition, in particular, containing folic and ascorbic acids.

Permitted and Prohibited Products

Diet for anemia – allowed foods:

  • Meat (beef, veal, lamb, pork, rabbit);
  • Bird without skin (turkey, chicken, ducklings);
  • Fish and seafood;
  • By-products (liver, heart);
  • Cereals and cereals (oats, buckwheat);
  • Peas, lentils;
  • Mushrooms (especially white);
  • Bread and bakery products from wholemeal flour (bran, rye, whole-grain);
  • Low-fat dairy and sour-milk products;
  • Vegetables (potatoes, cucumbers, tomatoes, squash, carrots, bell peppers, broccoli, onions, garlic);
  • Fruits (citrus fruits, apples, pears, plums, apricots);
  • Greenery;
  • Berries;
  • Dried fruits;
  • Natural honey;
  • Beer baker's yeast.

In breaks between meals while dieting with anemia, it is recommended to drink mineral water without gas, freshly squeezed juices (orange, grapefruit, pomegranate) without sugar, berry fruit drinks, rosehip broths

Diet in anemia – Prohibited foods:

In the above products contain oxalates, which interfere with the absorption of iron in the body, which is unacceptable while adhering to a therapeutic diet for anemia.

Diet for anemia menu for a week (breakfast, lunch, afternoon tea, dinner):

  • Oatmeal with apple and raisins;
  • Mushroom soup. 2 a slice of rye bread. Cutlets from beef;
  • Orange juice;
  • Mashed potatoes. Baked pike perch with tomatoes and bell pepper.
  • Buckwheat porridge on milk with honey;
  • Borsch with veal meat. 2 a piece of bran bread;
  • Cranberry juice;
  • Braised beef liver with onions. Greek salad".
  • Omelet from 1 eggs and 2 proteins. A tomato;
  • An ear with pieces of fish. 2 a piece of rye bread;
  • Pomegranate juice;
  • Roast with beef.
  • Muesli with berries and honey;
  • Chicken soup with pieces of poultry meat. 2 a piece of whole grain bread;
  • Grapefruit juice;
  • Baked perch. Vegetable stew.
  • Cheesecakes with raisins and sour cream;
  • Pea soup. 2 a slice of rye bread. Baked turkey fillet;
  • Broth from a dogrose;
  • Spaghetti with meatballs in tomato sauce. Salad of cucumbers and tomatoes.
  • Fruit salad dressed with cream;
  • Cream soup with seafood. 2 a piece of bran bread;
  • Berry fruit drink;
  • Puree from lentils. Salad from chicken and vegetables.
  • Curd pudding with berries;
  • Soup with meatballs. 2 a piece of whole grain bread;
  • Plum compote;
  • Baked salmon steak with potatoes, tomatoes and bell peppers.

Recipes

Roast beef

  • Beef 500 gr;
  • Potatoes 500 gr;
  • Onions 2 pcs;
  • Carrots 1 pcs;
  • Vegetable oil 2 item;
  • Greens to taste;
  • Salt.
  1. Potatoes, onions and carrots are peeled.
  2. Onion finely chopped, carrots three on a grater.
  3. Fry the onions heated with vegetable oil pan to golden color, then add the carrots, stew for 4 minutes, stirring occasionally.
  4. Potatoes cut into cubes, send to the form (clay pot, glass pan). Add the vegetable sauce to the potatoes.
  5. Beef washed, dried, cut into small pieces, sent to vegetables.
  6. Solim dish, pour to the top with water.
  7. Bake in an oven heated to 180 degrees for 45 minutes.
  8. Before serving, sprinkle the roast with chopped herbs to taste.

Turn on the diet menu for anemia hearty beef for dinner.

Spaghetti with meatballs in tomato sauce

Spaghetti with meatballs in tomato sauce

  • Spaghetti 300 gr;
  • Beef mince 300 gr;
  • Egg 1 pcs;
  • Onions 1 pcs;
  • Tomato paste 3;
  • Vegetable oil 3 item;
  • Salt pinch;
  • Sugar pinch.
  1. Onion peeled, grate.
  2. In the mince add the grated onion, egg, salt.
  3. Form a small minced meatballs in the form of balls, fry in a frying pan heated from vegetable oil from two sides to a golden crust.
  4. Put tomato paste in a glass, pour to the top with warm water, add a pinch of salt and sugar, mix to a homogeneous consistency.
  5. Transfer the meatballs into a saucepan, pour tomato paste, stew for 20 minutes over medium heat.
  6. Spaghetti boil until cooked, drain the water, put into a bowl.
  7. Top with spaghetti with tomato paste, lay out meatballs.

Spaghetti with meatballs in tomato sauce is recommended to include in the diet menu for anemia for lunch or dinner.

Salad of chicken and vegetables

Salad of chicken and vegetables

  • Chicken fillet 300 gr;
  • Tomatoes 2 pcs;
  • Cucumbers 2 pcs;
  • Onions 1 pcs;
  • Lettuce leaves;
  • Olive oil 2;
  • Salt.
  1. Chicken fillet washed, dried, cut into pieces, thickness 2 cm.
  2. Fry chopped chicken fillet in a frying pan with pre-heated olive oil from all sides to a ruddy crust.
  3. Tomatoes and cucumbers are washed. Cucumbers cut into slices, tomatoes slices.
  4. Onion peeled, cut into thin semicircles.
  5. On the plate lay the leaves of lettuce, then vegetables, on top of the fried chicken meat.
  6. Solim to taste, fill the salad with olive oil, gently mix.

Appetizing salad from chicken and vegetables can be consumed as an independent dish, and as a cold appetizer while adhering to an anemia diet.

Oatmeal with apple and raisins

Oatmeal with apple and raisins

  1. Raisins pour steep boiling water, leave to swell for 5 minutes, drain the water.
  2. Oat flakes are covered in a pan, add the raisin raisins, pour water.
  3. Bring to a boil, reduce the gas and cook porridge 10-15 minutes, stirring occasionally.
  4. The apple is peeled, cut into slices.
  5. We fill the porridge with butter, put it in a plate, decorate it with apple slices and sprinkle cinnamon to taste.

Useful oatmeal with apple and raisins is perfect for keeping an anemia diet for breakfast.

Cranberry juice

  1. Cranberries rubbed, pour warm water, let it brew 30 minutes.
  2. Pour the cranberries with water into a saucepan, bring to a boil, reduce the gas and cook for 10 minutes.
  3. Add honey to the cranberry broth, stir until the honey dissolves completely.
  4. Strain the mors, cool.

Tonic cranberry juice promotes the assimilation of iron in the body, and therefore must certainly include it in your diets diet in case of anemia.

Diet in children with anemia

Anemia in children or anemia is a common disease characterized by a decrease in red blood cells and a hemoglobin level in the blood. In children with anemia, weakness, lethargy, fatigue, rapid heartbeat are observed. You can identify the disease by giving a general blood test.

In case of anemia, children need: a correct day regimen, taking medications, a long stay in the fresh air and a balanced diet. Nutrition for anemia in children who are on artificial feeding should consist of mixtures enriched with iron. With the development of anemia in children who are breastfed, multivitamins and iron should be included in the diet of the mother.

The diet for iron deficiency anemia in preschool and school age children should consist of: beef, liver, seafood, vegetables, greens, sea kale, legumes, fruit and vegetable juices. When dieting it is important not to feed the baby, but to organize the proper nutrition enriched with iron, vitamins of group C and B12. Observing the diet, on average, the process of recovery takes from 6 to 10 weeks. This diet is indicated for both treatment and prevention of the disease.

Sample menu for the week

Diet for anemia in children – an approximate menu for a week (breakfast, lunch, afternoon tea, dinner):

  • Oatmeal with raisins and prunes;
  • Pea soup with croutons. Baked carp fillet;
  • Orange;
  • Mashed potatoes. Cutlets from beef. Salad of cucumber and tomato.
  • Buckwheat porridge with milk;
  • Chicken soup. Bread. Boiled chicken fillet;
  • Kiwi;
  • Puree from lentils. Veal meatballs. Vegetable salad.
  • Cheesecakes with raisins and sour cream;
  • Mushroom soup. Bread. Meatballs from beef;
  • Garnet;
  • Spaghetti with seafood. Salad from grated carrots.
  • Muesli with dried fruits and nuts;
  • Lentil soup. Bread. Seafood (mussels, shrimps);
  • An Apple;
  • Stewed beef liver. Vegetable stew.
  • Stained with beef liver;
  • Cream soup with broccoli. Bread. Stewed rabbit in sour cream sauce;
  • Plums;
  • Fish souffle. Baked potato. Tomato, cucumber.
  • 2 sandwich with cheese. Cocoa;
  • The ear. Bread. Veal meatballs;
  • Apricots;
  • Buckwheat. Fish cutlets. Salad from Brussels sprouts.
  • Pumpkin porridge with dried apricots;
  • Buckwheat soup. Bread. Baked fillet of pike perch;
  • Grapefruit;
  • Pea mash. Chicken meatballs. Salad from sea kale.

In breaks between meals during a diet with anemia it is recommended that children drink decoctions of rose hips, infusions of sea buckthorn, compotes from currants. In case of anemia in children, in addition to diet, mobile games and long walks in the fresh air are shown.

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