Osteoarthritis and arthritis are diseases of joints with different etiology of onset and course, but both of these ailments lead to deformities of the musculoskeletal system. The treatment that is recommended for these diseases includes balanced and dietary nutrition.
It is a mistake to think that a diet for arthrosis and arthritis is refraining from fatty, hot and fried. Moreover, nutrition for each of the diseases has its own distinctive features, which depend more on the cause of the disease.
The diet for arthritis and arthrosis is appointed by the treating doctor, which will take into account all the characteristic needs of the body and the history of the disease of the joints. Independently to exclude or include in the diet of any food can not, because, for example, the nutrition that is recommended for gouty arthritis is absolutely not suitable for diseases of joints with arthrosis symptoms.
Carefully introduced into the diet products with a high calcium content, so it can provoke the growth of bone growths (osteophytes), although with a lack of this element in the body, osteoporosis can develop. Therefore, it is so important in the treatment of joint diseases to get advice from a dietitian doctor, so as not to worsen the condition of cartilage tissues.
Traumatic arthrosis and dystrophic arthritis
The emergence of arthritis or arthrosis in view of trauma, physical overstrain or abuse of harmful food leads to dystrophic processes in the joint cavity. In this case, a balanced diet will be required, which will contain all the elements that are valuable and healthy for the vital functions of the joints – minerals, vitamins, fats, carbohydrates and proteins.
Prohibited: from the menu refractory fats and easily perceived by the body carbohydrates, which cause weight gain, which negatively affects the joints (high load) are excluded from the menu.
Recommended: Diet for these reasons for the development of the disease should be based on products with an increased content of collagen. For this, the menu includes dishes using food or natural gelatin (jelly, cold, broth).
Collagen provides elasticity and durability of bone and cartilaginous joints, preventing their damage, restoring injured and thinned ligaments. Dairy products are also useful – their components (protein and calcium) are well absorbed by the body and help strengthen the bones of the joints.
In addition, the ration should contain a variety of cereals, especially buckwheat, as well as legumes (lentils, beans). Fish and meat choose low-fat varieties.
For arthritis with gouty manifestations, the characters have acute attacks of pain in an inflammatory process. Therefore, a strict diet and generous drinking along with medical therapy help reduce this symptomatology and alleviate the suffering of the patient.
Prohibited: It is not recommended to consume meat, mushroom, fish dishes, as well as pickles, smoked foods and alcohol. Eliminate their food spices and legumes, flour and sweet. Give preference to steamed or boiled dishes, limit fried.
Recommended: dietary nutrition for gouty arthritis should consist of lean meats, vegetables, chicken eggs, sour-milk products. Not often, but you can diversify the menu with boiled, lean sea fish.
In the case of autoimmune disorders in the body, a person may encounter diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis or arthrosis. Diet is an auxiliary element that can prolong the period of remission of the disease and improve the protective functions of the immune system.
Prohibited: a diet with rheumatoid arthrosis or arthritis eliminates foods with the addition of sugar and salt. The food should be lean, without the maintenance of animal fats. Spices, condiments, canned goods, smoked products, muffins and other sweets are also excluded from the daily menu.
Recommended: The menu for such diseases should be built on vegetable dishes – broths, soups, boiled and baked products. The content of carbohydrates and proteins should also be moderate, with the intake of mineral and vitamin elements. Food is consumed in small portions, but often (up to 6 once a day).
If the cause of joint disease has become an inflammatory process, for example, as with rheumatoid arthritis, then the diet, as an auxiliary complex element of treatment, is aimed at supporting the metabolic processes of the body in the norm and reducing inflammation in the cartilaginous tissues of the joint cavity.
Prohibited: limit the intake of carbohydrates, which are easily absorbed (sweets – honey, sugar, etc.). It is also advisable to remove salt, fats and reduce the amount of liquid drunk per day, up to one liter. The lacking drink is obtained with decoctions and fruit drinks from rose hips, lemons, black currants, bran.
Recommended: Food is taken in small fractions, in small portions, but this should not be “snacks on the go.” Food is based on sour-milk products – low-fat cottage cheese, cheese, yoghurt. The diet is replenished with enough vegetables and fruits, butter is allowed (slightly) and eggs are allowed.
Dietary nutrition for arthrosis and arthritis has common rules that should be adhered to to slow the progression of joint disease. The primary rule concerns the consumption of fatty acids (Omega-3). The menu, built on the products that contain this element, greatly alleviates the symptoms of the ailments and has a curative effect. High content of Omega-3 can be found in marine fish (its fatty varieties) and linseed oil.
In any type of articular disease, it is also necessary to abstain from drinking alcohol and smoking. Under strict prohibition are firmly brewed tea and coffee.
Although dietary nutrition in both cases and involves a large number of vegetables, but it is necessary to self-limiting itself from the use of products such as tomatoes, Bulgarian pepper, eggplant. Fans of spices and seasonings, it is also necessary to give up these frills. Nutrition for joint diseases should be low-calorie and beneficial for the body.