The balance of nutrients in the daily menu is the main principle of proper nutrition for arthrosis.
Here you can also include:
adequate energy consumption;
easy digestibility and assimilation;
large amount of consumed liquid;
The number of receptions should be 4-5 times, at a strictly certain time. Dinner should be attributed to 3.5 hours before bedtime. The variety of food should provide the musculoskeletal system with useful substances to the full. If there is excess weight, it is necessary to fight with it, since every extra kilogram is a negative load for joints.
To solve this problem, you should replace cottage cheese and medium-fat cheese with fat-free. It is also necessary to reduce the amount of bread consumption. For the convenience of control it is necessary to know the body mass index. Weight should be divided into height in meters in the square.
Normally, the body mass index = 20-25. With obesity of the 1st degree – 25-30, II degree – 30-40, III degree – more 40.
Proteins and carbohydrates can not be combined in one dish. Moreover, you can not eat fruit after the meat. The speed of digestion of fruits is 15-20 minutes. The speed of digestion of animal proteins is about 2 hours. Therefore, the digested fruit is not evacuated from the stomach until the meat is digested. As a result, there is fermentation, which leads to a violation of digestion. Fruit is better to eat for 30 minutes before eating. Proteins of animal and vegetable origin should also not be combined in one dish.
Features of nutrition in arthrosis
From the menu it is necessary to remove:
spicy and very spicy dishes;
products from yeast dough, fresh bread, peas and dishes from it, fizzy drinks;
strong, rich broths;
jerky meat and sausage products;
dried and salted fish;
strong tea and coffee without milk (no more than 1 cup per day).
the amount of salt in the dishes (it is better to use sea salt);
by-products (tongue, kidneys, lungs).
It is necessary to include in the diet:
various types of jelly, without flavors and dyes;
jellied fish and lean meat in gelatin, and not on concentrated broth;
large amount of clean water;
vitamins and trace elements.
Products that contain vitamins and minerals necessary for arthrosis:
calcium – fresh eggs, cheese, medium-fat cottage cheese, liver, milk, heart, nuts, coarse flour, artichokes;
phosphorus – bran, salads, soy pods, natural cheeses, fish, seafood;
manganese – natural cheeses, liver, heart, poultry, egg yolk, seaweed, beans, bananas, almonds, walnuts;
B vitamins – beef liver, fish, seafood, eggs, milk, barley grains, oats, buckwheat, heart, oranges, bananas, avocados;
vitamins of group C – apples, pears, plums, sweet peppers, white cabbage, cauliflower, broccoli, citrus, black currant, greens;
sulfur, zinc – seafood, broccoli.
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Approximate menu for a week with arthrosis
3-4 spoonfuls of medium-fat cottage cheese.
2 toast with natural oil, tea with milk
Fruits, nuts. Ginger tea.
Soup with vegetable broth. Salad from cabbage with greens.
Buckwheat porridge, boiled chicken.
Fruit jelly, biscuit biscuit.
Baked fish, rice.
Oatmeal with raisins. Gallet biscuits, coffee with milk.
Yogurt is medium fat. Fruit.
Chicken broth (not rich) with greens. Broccoli with butter and a small amount of garlic. Beef, baked with sauce based on tomato juice.
Compote of dried fruits, banana.
Rabbit or chicken stewed, vegetable salad season.
Omelet. Toasts with butter. Cocoa.
Jelly from natural fruits. Nuts.
Soup with vegetables, on fish broth. Seasonal salad. Macaroni (only hard varieties). Boiled chicken.
Yogurt is medium fat. Biscuit.
Jellied fish. The vinaigrette. Juice or mors.
Baked chicken breast, soft-boiled eggs. Coffee with milk. Toast.
Sandwiches with butter and cheese. Dried fruits compote.
Beetroot. Steam meatballs. Rice porrige. Vegetable seasonal salad.
Fruit and milk jelly, a drink from mint.
Soufflé from beef or chicken. Carrot zrazy. Juice.
Cottage cheese with sour cream of average fat content. Sandwich with butter and cheese. Ginger tea.
Scrambled eggs. Fruit salad with nuts. Yogurt is medium fat.
Soup with vermicelli. Meat zrazy with Polish minced meat. Seasonal vegetables. Compote of fruits.
Jelly from fruit. Gallet biscuits, kissel.
Manna porridge with butter. Juice.
Cottage cheese. Green tea with toast.
Baked apples. Green tea with mint and ginger.
Vegetable soup on chicken broth. Buckwheat. Beef steak baked with cheese. Seasonal salad. Dried fruits compote.
Fruit salad. Kissel.
Baked fish with vegetables. Mint drink.
Buckwheat porridge with milk. Cocoa. Toasts with butter and cheese.
Omelet. Tea with ginger.
Fish soup. Porridge "Artek". Cold boiled pork baked in the oven. Kissel.
Baked apples. Jelly.
Vegetable zrazy. Kefir medium fat.
Between meals, do not forget about enough drinking water.
All diets are based on sparing food, one that contains a minimum of spicy condiments. But often they forget about useful and necessary herbs. These include:
mixture of different peppers.
All these seasonings can be arranged to taste and used with apple cider vinegar and vegetable oil as marinades, replacing mayonnaise. Some of them (cinnamon, ginger) can be added to sweet dishes. All of them are suitable for adding to soups and cereals. Separately, it should be said about the drinks with ginger. Tea or broth should be drunk at least every other day. Try to use ginger drinks in the morning, as they are invigorating and have a diuretic effect.
The author of the article: Diet Doctor, Kuzmina Vera Valerievna, specially for the site
Osteoarthritis is a disease of the joints, considered dystrophic and associated with the slow destruction of the cartilage inside the joint. With arthrosis, over a long period of time, there are changes, restructuring of the joint ends of the bones, inflammation and degeneration of the periarticular tissues.
Osteoarthritis of the knee joint is the deformation and destruction of the cartilaginous tissue. The disease has a chronic degenerative character, accompanied by pain of varying strength. It can lead to its complete immobilization, loss of functionality. The disease develops more often in women than in men.
Osteoarthritis of the hip joint is a very complicated disease in which the hyaline cartilage that is hanging the surface of the femoral head (has a spherical shape) and the swelling cavity is destroyed. Arthrosis is a degenerative-dystrophic disease, which most often develops in people of advanced age.
Arthrosis of the shoulder joint is a fairly common problem that most older people face. This chronic and rapidly progressive degenerative disease affects both men and women. As a result of the development of arthrosis, not only cartilaginous tissue is affected, but also bone tissue.
Osteoarthritis of the ankle is a disease in which degenerative processes develop in cartilaginous tissues. With the progression of arthrosis in the cartilage of the joint, irreversible processes begin to occur that cause serious consequences. To date, modern medicine classifies arthrosis of the ankle joint in the following way.
Another real life event. One, a woman living in monogynopathy suffered from arthrosis, rheumatism and polyarthritis and there was no one to help her. She could not even get to work, because the pains of knee joints led her to fainting states. Doctors told her that they would not be able to help at this stage of the disease.
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