Such a disease as asthma is a pathology of chronic course. Her treatment is long, often lifelong. It is important not only to fight with existing infections, but also to eliminate allergens from the environment of the sick person, which, among other things, can be found in food. This will strengthen the immunity and direct its forces to confront the disease.
Doctors recommend patients with asthma to adhere to dietary table number nine. Thanks to the formulated diet, it will be possible to reduce the number of relapses of the disease, relieve the severity of symptoms, and normalize the metabolism. The energy value of the diet is within the norm, that is, a person gets from 2300 to 2500 kcal per day. This allows you to adjust the carbohydrate and fat metabolism, do not gain excess weight and prevent the development of complications of the disease.
A diet for asthmatics involves the rejection of any products that provoke an allergy. If they are not so established, then you should adhere to the general rules of nutrition for allergy sufferers.
What to exclude from the menu:
The salt is under strict restriction. Its quantity per day should not exceed 6-8 g.
To refuse it is necessary from any kinds of nuts, first of all it concerns a peanut.
A strong allergen are chicken eggs, and sometimes poultry, especially goose and ducks.
The ban applies to seafood, sea fish, caviar.
Under the restriction fall mushrooms, citrus fruits, raspberries, strawberries, tomatoes.
Provoke allergic reactions of chocolate, coffee, confectionery, carbonated drinks and honey.
It is possible that the exacerbation of an asthma attack causes dairy products. This applies to sour cream, cottage cheese, whole milk.
To refuse it is necessary from all seasonings, from products with a sharp taste and smell – it's horseradish, radish, radish, etc. All histamine-like substances can cause an exacerbation of the disease, this list also includes such spices as onions and garlic.
Fatty grades of beef and pork need to be removed from the diet.
Supposes a diet with asthma rejection of products with thiamine and histamine, since they release the mediators of the allergy from the target cells. Most of these substances are contained in alcoholic beverages, cheese, canned fish, sauerkraut and smoked sausages. That is, in those products that have been fermented. In this regard, canned food, pickles, marinades, smoked products are prohibited in any form.
Elimination diet involves the rejection of those products that are potential allergens. In order to be easier to identify, a person with asthma is recommended to keep a diary of nutrition. It should record what was eaten during the day, at what time it happened and whether there was any allergic reaction from the body to this or that dish. This will accurately identify the allergen without giving up many foods. For example, if the reaction appeared on buckwheat cereal with oil, then most likely, the allergen was porridge containing gluten. At the same time, you can not refuse from butter by adding it to other dishes.
Buckwheat is refused completely for up to 3 weeks. If there is an improvement, then they make one more attempt to enter the product in the menu, but this is done very carefully. When the undesired reaction is repeated again, the product is recognized as problematic and is discarded. Naturally, such a test system is prolonged in time, but it allows you to create an individual elimination diet, which can not be obtained from a single allergist doctor.
The food scheme thus created will reduce the manifestations of food allergy to a minimum, which means a reduced risk of exacerbation of the disease. At the same time, excessive load will be eliminated from the immune system.
Rules of dietary nutrition in asthma
Allergic reactions are caused by chemical additives, which are widely used in the food industry. It has been proved that such substances as: tartrazine, salicylates, benzonate, nitrite and sodium sulfate, sodium glutamate negatively affect the course of asthma. Therefore, patients with bronchial asthma should take as a rule to minimize the consumption of any canned food, confectionery, semi-finished products – all those products that have a long shelf life. After all, often, in addition to the declared chemical additives on the packaging, these products contain traces of antibiotics, peanuts and other potential allergens.
The cause of bronchial asthma often becomes high sensitivity to mold fungi. They are found in cheeses, cottage cheese, vegetables and fruits. Therefore, the following rule for asthmatics is the consumption of only fresh food for food that was stored in the refrigerator for no more than a day. Before consumption, vegetables and fruits should be carefully processed.
The third rule for people with asthma is a competent culinary processing of dishes. Products can be stewed, boiled, baked. But it is worth remembering that broths on meat, fish and chicken are more likely to provoke an allergy than just boiled fish, poultry or meat. Therefore, during cooking, it must be changed at least three times. Refuse to eat fried foods completely.
The fourth rule is to maintain the normal functioning of the digestive tract. It is important that the barrier function of the intestine is not compromised, and the organ allows allergens to freely pass through the intestinal-hepatic barrier. This will not delay them in the body, which means that the risk of developing unwanted reactions will be minimized. Useful in this regard are sour-milk drinks, such as: curdled milk, kefir, yoghurt. The same applies to dietary fiber, normalizing intestinal motility and stimulating local immunity.
The last, but the most important rule for patients with bronchial asthma is a varied and full-fledged menu. Bad nutrition adversely affects the health status no less than the use of harmful products. With a limited supply of nutrients, the work of the respiratory muscles is disrupted, gas exchange suffers, immunity is worse with its work.
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How to make a menu with asthma?
The calculation of the daily diet should be based on the growth and mass of the human body, at his age and motor activity. The main recommendation is as follows:
Proteins – up to 80g per day (but not less than 70 g). 50% of them must be of plant origin.
Fat to 70 g per day (but not less than 50 g). The amount of vegetable fats is 40.
Carbohydrates – 300 g per day.
To remove the inflammation from the bronchi it is possible due to the rejection of carbohydrates, which are quickly absorbed – it is sugar, jam, honey, etc. It is important that there is sufficient supply of natural antioxidants. These are products containing selenium, vitamins C, E, A. Most of them can be obtained from vegetable oils, vegetables and fruits.
Be sure to include in the diet brown rice, legumes, green vegetables. They have magnesium, which helps normalize the tone of the muscles of the bronchi and reduces their excessive activity.
An example menu might look like this:
Breakfast: rice porridge with sugar, baked pear, tea.
Snack: squash pancakes with currant jam.
Lunch: vinaigrette with vegetable oil, veal cutlet steamed with mashed potatoes, broth of wild rose.
Snack: banana and compote of dried fruits.
Supper: rabbit stew, stewed cabbage with onion, green tea.
Before going to bed, a glass of kefir or other sour-milk drink.
It is not possible to provide a single nutrition menu for all patients with bronchial asthma, since food allergens are individual. Nevertheless, the described prohibitions and rules are the most common and, adhering to them, you can make the most adapted to a particular person's diet for asthma.
The author of the article: Diet Doctor, Kuzmina Vera Valerievna, specially for the site
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