With atherosclerosis of the vessels, the diet is one of the important elements of complex treatment. Thanks to the normalization of nutrition, the body can be maintained normally. Some argue that negative processes can even be reversed if you select the right diet. The classical variant is the tenth diet practiced in medical institutions. Consider not only her, but also other options, as well as the essence of the disease.
Atherosclerosis: What is this disease?
This term is applied to a state of the body when the internal walls of blood vessels are covered with layers of harmful deposits. Because of these plaques, the lumen narrows, normal blood flow is disturbed. The process of constriction is gradual, accompanied by solidification of organic tissues and provokes the emergence of a wide range of diseases. A special diet for arteriosclerosis of vessels, according to experts, if you do not reverse such a process, it will help keep it under control.
The narrowing of the vessels leads to a lack of oxygen supply, nutrient components to various organs and tissues. Plaques can provoke a heart attack, angina, stroke. Doctors explain: changing eating habits is really very important in this disease. Adhering to a diet for arteriosclerosis of blood vessels, effectively prevent fatal consequences of pathology.
Any diet for atherosclerosis of vessels is based on a decrease in the intake of negative, harmful cholesterol – low-density lipoproteins. They provoke the formation of plaques on the vascular walls. Lowering the amount of cholesterol in food is achieved by the preference of products rich in soluble fiber. Special attention should be paid to fruits, oat flakes, nuts, legumes and vegetables.
Diet for arteriosclerosis of vessels suggests enriching the menu with plant sterols, which prevent the absorption of cholesterol. They are rich in vegetable oils, beans, all kinds of fruits and herbs, cereals. From processed by industrial methods, special attention is paid to yoghurts, juices. Daily use of two grams of plant sterols reduces the concentration of harmful forms of cholesterol by one-tenth. On average, two grams are contained in a half liter of orange juice, specially enriched in the factory.
An effective diet for cerebrovascular atherosclerosis involves enriching the menu with products containing Omega-3. This substance helps to lower the pressure, reduce the concentration of triglycerides, cholesterol. A distinctive feature is the selectivity of efficiency, that is, when the harmful fractions of cholesterol decrease, the concentration of useful cholesterol increases.
The diet for cerebrovascular atherosclerosis must contain nuts, flaxseeds, fatty fish living in cold waters – these products are the most rich in Omega-3.
Each day in the menu, you must include at least 200 grams of one of these fish varieties. This will help maintain the circulatory system healthy and full.
The diet for cerebrovascular atherosclerosis involves the use of low-fat foods. The very first nutritional development, whose effectiveness against the disease in question has been proven in clinical settings, was created by Dr. Ornish and is based on the rejection of saturated fats. The base of this food is simple carbohydrates. The nutrition program involves the supply of a basic amount of calories (up to 70%) from whole grains, 20% of protein structures and only the last tenth of fat. But an ordinary person who does not adhere to a special diet, gets half of all calories from fatty joints. Doctors strongly recommend to reduce this level to at least one-third.
This diet for atherosclerosis of the brain vessels is effective, but it is difficult to adhere to it. Doctors pay attention: the refusal of fish does not oblige also to block the supply of Omega-3, it is possible to use a biologically active additive – fish oil. At the same time, it is noted that for a person it is very difficult for a long time to refrain from eating nuts, seeds, fish, meat.
If an increased level of cholesterol is detected, you should not just start eating properly, following a diet with arteriosclerosis of the neck vessels. It is important to undergo a comprehensive examination, since the symptom may indicate serious pathological processes in vital organs. A qualified doctor will prescribe the correct tests, on the basis of which he will tell with certainty what is the reason for increasing cholesterol and how to deal with negative processes in the body.
Modern diets with atherosclerosis of the heart vessels can not give a full-fledged effect if a person abuses harmful habits. If there is an increased concentration of cholesterol, you will completely stop smoking and significantly reduce the consumption of alcoholic beverages. Support the body will provide regular physical activity (within the reasonable), weight control.
Adjusting the lifestyle is the most effective way of lowering cholesterol concentration and improving all organs and systems. In addition, the doctor may prescribe special medication. It is strictly forbidden to choose pharmacy drugs for oneself.
Regardless of which diet is chosen for atherosclerosis of cerebral vessels, it is important to remember the ban on eating the following foods:
- Soups, broths, meat, pate of high fat content;
- animal fats;
- fat cheese (above 30%);
- brains, kidneys;
- fried potatoes;
- fatty dairy products (including ice cream);
- rich, high-calorie dishes;
Diet, nutrition in atherosclerosis of cerebral vessels can be used in food:
- cheeses, low-fat meat;
- eggs (no more than 2 pieces per week);
- vegetable oil;
- soy sauce;
- fruit syrups and some other sweets.
Occasionally, you can afford a limited amount of alcohol.
The menu should be dominated by:
- low-fat varieties of poultry;
- a fish;
- low-fat dairy products;
- Bread products baked on rough flour;
- fruits, vegetables, greens;
- cereals, pasta;
- unsweetened juice;
- not strong coffee, tea;
- still mineral water.
You can season dishes with spices, but only low-fat. Allowed baked dishes (without cream).
Products are prepared strictly without fat (in extreme cases – in vegetable oil). The steamer is exceptionally useful. When preparing confectionery products, the yolk is removed, leaving only proteins. If possible, salt should be avoided.
The greatest benefit will be the five meals a day in small portions.
For each day is allowed 150 g black, 100 g white bread. A good alternative is dietary bread.
Entering the lightweight mode allows the following food (five meals a day):
- oatmeal, salad;
- curd products, apples;
- vegetable soup, braised potatoes;
- fish, mashed potatoes;
- milk products.
- steam omelet, pyshenka, diluted with milk dairy products;
- pearl soup, berries;
- boiled fish, porridge.
- yoghurt, fruit;
- vegetable soup, meatballs, kelp, compote;
- baked fish, mashed potatoes, carrots.
- barley porridge, cucumbers;
- low-fat cheese with bread;
- lean borsch, vegetables, dog rose infusion;
- cottage cheese;
- chicken pilaf, cabbage salad.
Tasty and healthy:
- milk with coffee and biscuit;
- banana yoghurt;
- boiled fish, cabbage soup, beetroot salad, apple compote;
- tea with biscuits;
- ragout of vegetables, baked chicken and potatoes, Greek salad.
We are approaching the end of the diet. Recommended:
- oatmeal, tea;
- kefir with a sandwich (low-fat ham);
- steam meatballs, beetroot, vegetable salad;
- cottage cheese with berry drinks;
- barley porridge, baked fish, salad with vegetables.
Completion of the diet is as follows:
- curd casserole, coffee;
- berry yogurt;
- chicken rice soup, chopsticks, kelp in salad;
- kefir and crackers;
- baked fish, vegetable salad, boiled potatoes.
The best effect will bring the inclusion in the menu of vitamin and mineral complexes. At the same time, vitamin D should be avoided. When excess weight is needed, it is necessary to organize regular days of unloading, eating only fruits, vegetables, kefir, cottage cheese. Benefits will bring vegetables, rich in vitamins E, C, B6, B12.
If atherosclerosis affects the carotid artery, it is necessary to reduce the calorie content by one-fifth relative to the norm. The norm itself can be calculated by a doctor. Take into account weight, age, height. It is recommended that you regularly arrange unloading days, following a mono-diet.
Perhaps, the diet for arteriosclerosis of the vessels is the most common and well-known option. It is practiced in almost all modern medical institutions.
In each specific variant, this diet is adjusted to the characteristics of a person. If you have extra pounds, the calorie content of the food is reduced. The first dish is consumed only in half the volume from the standard portion, reduces the amount of sugar, bread. The tenth diet involves six meals a day. You can not use salt during cooking, but you can dosalivat products directly at the table, adhering to the restriction: the daily rate – no more than 4 d. The products for serving to the table are steamed, in water, carefully boiling. Free liquid is drunk in a volume of not more than a liter.
In a day with food products, no more than 60 g of fat (70% – of plant origin, less than a third of the animal) should enter the body. Protein structures by volume are not limited. Up to 70% of these components should be of animal origin – they prevent the deposition of harmful components on the vascular walls. Preference is given to low-fat meat, fish, egg whites, dairy products, beans, soy.
The diet requires limiting the intake of animal fats, including foods in which the concentration of cholesterol is relatively high. Practically one can not eat caviar. At the same time, complete exclusion of cholesterol sources is unacceptable. It is recommended to eat twice a week on an egg or a small piece of tongue, occasionally you can indulge yourself with fish caviar. Simultaneously, food is consumed with vegetable oils, which improve the peristalsis of the gastrointestinal tract and relieve the body of cholesterol. The greatest benefit comes from unrefined oil, rich in phosphatides, which normalizes the metabolism of fats in organic tissues.
They eat in the tenth diet mainly salads, vinaigrettes. Limit the use of legumes. You can eat soups, but also without meat, except – meat broth weekly once (but not strong – bone, secondary). You can eat milk soups and cooked on prescription using croup.
The keystone to the success of the dietary program is the maximization of the vitamin content of the menu. Preference is given to natural products, avoiding synthetic compounds if possible. This helps improve metabolism, reduce the permeability of the vascular walls and prevent the accumulation of harmful cholesterol. In addition to berries and fruit, the benefit will be brought by the dogrose infusions, yeast, soybean flour and wheat bran.
It is known that the amount of cholesterol in the blood decreases, if you adhere to a calcium-rich diet. Copper, magnesium ions are also able to reduce the concentration of the harmful compound somewhat, although the effect is not very pronounced. Seafood is most useful during the season change. They are rich in iodine, vitamins, methionine, which prevent atherosclerosis. In addition to fish, it is important to consume laminaria, pamper yourself with shrimps and mussels. In general, seafood is advised to include in the menu at least 6 once a week, and laminaria can be safely eat every other day. However, the recommendations concern only those who have no problems of the gastrointestinal tract.