Pyelonephritis is a disease of the kidneys of an infectious and inflammatory nature. Compliance with diet in this disease is an indispensable condition for the recovery of the patient. Dietary nutrition will need to be adhered to both in the stage of exacerbation of the disease, and during its remission.
The diet for chronic pyelonephritis in adults is based on the following principles:
Organization of the most sparing working conditions for the kidneys due to the decrease in their load;
Adjustment of the patient's metabolic rate;
normalization of blood pressure, which is often increased with chronic pyelonephritis;
Decrease in the severity of edema, if any;
Excretion from the body and, first of all, from the kidneys of pathogenic agents and toxic products of their vital activity.
Doctors most often with chronic pyelonephritis recommend to adhere to the table at number seven according to Pevzner. It boils down to an insignificant decrease in the amount of protein. In this case, carbohydrates and fats should fully correspond to the physiological norm of a healthy person. It is equally important to include in the diet products containing a sufficient number of vitamins.
The maximum daily caloric content can reach 2700 – 2900 kcal.
The basis of the diet for chronic pyelonephritis in adults
Methods of processing food. During the exacerbation of the disease, it is advisable to use only gentle methods of processing the products: casserole, cooking and steaming. During a stable remission, moderate food frying can be tolerated. Do not grind or twist the food.
Mode of eating. In order to ensure that the patient does not experience a deficiency in useful micronutrients and in nutrients, food intake should be regular. The number of approaches is equal to five. Regular nutrition allows the kidneys to easily remove metabolic products from the body and normalizes the condition of the patient as a whole.
Salt. Any inflammation in the kidneys, including chronic pyelonephritis, contributes to the fact that their filtering and excretory potential suffers. That is, the toxic products of decay stay in the body longer, exerting a negative influence on it. This is further promoted by excessive consumption of salt, large doses of which can not remove diseased kidneys. As a result, a person can develop swelling and increase blood pressure, as well as form stones in the kidneys. At the discretion of the treating doctor, he gives his patient advice on the restriction of salt. As a rule, its daily dose should not exceed 6 g. It is worth noting the dosing of products without their preliminary testing.
Alcohol. Any alcohol with this inflammatory disease is strictly prohibited. It increases the load on the affected organs, slows the withdrawal of decomposition products, enhances edema and exacerbates chronic pyelonephritis. Therefore, alcohol is contraindicated in any, even minimal dosages.
Thermal component. In this respect, there are no restrictions. The temperature of food does not differ from that for healthy people without chronic pyelonephritis in the anamnesis.
Leaching products. To move the acidity of urine to a smaller side, you should use foods that promote its alkalization. Such are dairy products, milk, vegetables and fruits. In this regard, a dairy-vegetable diet for adults with chronic pyelonephritis is preferable.
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What foods are prohibited in chronic pyelonephritis in adults
Dietary nutrition in chronic pyelonephritis provides a ban on any products that contribute to irritation of the urinary tract, and also contribute to excessive excitation of the nervous system.
Protein products, in particular fish and meat, are subject to a certain restriction. This is due to their ability to shift the composition of urine in the direction of increasing acidity.
The products containing essential oils, oxalic acid and lactic acid are completely excluded.
A favorable environment for the multiplication of bacteria creates easily assimilated carbohydrates. Similar effect has any legume crops. Therefore, the ban includes peas, beans, chickpeas, etc.
The complete list of prohibited products for chronic pyelonephritis is as follows:
Any rich broths, including those based on mushrooms. Therefore, after the meat or fish boils in water, the liquid must be drained, and the base for the soup should be placed in clean water.
Oily fish, especially smoked and salted, should be banned, the same applies to seafood.
All fatty meats.
Any semi-finished products: sausages, sausages, caviar, canned food.
Smoked products and grill.
Onion, garlic, any beans, spinach and sorrel, radish and radish.
Pickles and marinades, sauerkraut.
Mushrooms, regardless of the way they are cooked.
Sauce based on horseradish, mustard, pepper.
Pork fat and any cooking fats, especially margarine.
Fatty or sharp cheeses and cheese products.
Strongly brewed coffee or strong tea, cocoa.
Confectionery products and pastries should be limited, and during the period of exacerbation of the disease is excluded completely.
What products are allowed for chronic pyelonephritis in adults
The patient should eat those foods that favor a decrease in the acidity of urine and its alkalization. This contributes to the fact that the work of the kidneys is normalized and it is easier for them to cope with pathogenic microorganisms. In addition, in the alkaline environment of urine, bacteria die much faster.
The volume of fluid in chronic pyelonephritis should not be reduced, especially if the doctor did not give such recommendations. It cleanses the urinary tract, promotes the removal of infection from the kidneys in large quantities. In addition, the body is released from the toxic products of their life and decay.
Therefore, the list of permitted products and beverages includes:
Morse, with a very popular cranberry fruit drink. You can drink non-hard-boiled tea based on herbs, green and black tea, compotes, jelly, broth of wild rose.
You can include in the diet pastries based on yeast dough, as well as unsalted bread, better yesterday.
You can eat lean meat: poultry, fish, beef. It is better to cook it or bake it.
Dairy soups, cereal soups, vegetable soups are useful.
Diuretic effect is enjoyed by such vegetables as: pumpkin, zucchini, cucumber, dill and parsley, beets, carrots.
As for eggs, you should not eat more than one egg a day.
Any dairy products and milk are useful.
You can eat pasta, cereals, melons and melons.
Vegetable and creamy, but not salted butter.
Sauces must be prepared on the basis of milk, sour cream or vegetable broth. It is possible to add vinegar or citric acid in them.
If a person is on treatment in a hospital, then he can bring berries and fruits to provide the body with a supply of vitamins.
Compliance with the diet will prolong the time of remission, accelerate the recovery of the patient. If you refuse to comply with it, then the likelihood of serious complications increases significantly. In addition, in patients who do not adhere to dietary nutrition, the symptoms of chronic pyelonephritis is enhanced.
Once a week, you can arrange sick days for unloading days. They can be based on fruits, vegetables, dairy products or cereals.
The author of the article: Diet Doctor, Kuzmina Vera Valerievna, specially for the site
Pyelonephritis is a kidney disease, which is of an infectious and inflammatory nature. The disease develops as a result of the spread of pathogenic microorganisms penetrating into the kidneys from the lower parts of the urinary system. The most common cause is pyelonephritis E. coli E. coli.
Grass harlay or cornflower spreading (the old name cornflowers prostrate, Ukrainian – a hairdress of a sealant) is an effective remedy against pyelonephritis, helps to relieve pain during exacerbations, gives good results in systematic application. The exacerbation of pyelonephritis is removed already at the beginning of the reception of the broth is harsh, at full.
Chronic pyelonephritis is a disease that has an infectious inflammatory nature in which the pathological process involves cups, pelvis and tubules of the kidneys with subsequent damage to their glomeruli and blood vessels. According to the available statistics, chronic pyelonephritis among all diseases of the genitourinary organs with inflammatory.
Acute pyelonephritis is an inflammatory process that affects the intermediate tissue and the calyxal and renal system of the kidneys that has a nonspecific nature. In urological practice, acute pyelonephritis is the most frequent inflammatory process affecting the kidneys. It can occur in childhood, a favorable condition.
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