Diet for constipation
It turns out that such a common health problem, like constipation, is not always a disease that needs a medical correction. In most cases, it is a manifestation of defects in lifestyle and nutrition, or age-related changes in the aging organism. After all, a person can not always take any medications, especially if the constipation is chronic with a prolonged course. In such cases, only adequate nutrition can really help, which over time will positively affect the work of the entire small and large intestine, as well as the rectum.
There are general and particular questions regarding diet therapy for constipation of different origin, which require a clear separation. The first of these is the appointment of a dietary table according to the medical nomenclature. In this regard, all patients are shown diet No. 3.
In general terms, it can be characterized as follows:
Gentle food, capable of good digestion;
Stimulation of the motor activity of the intestine;
Minimum gassing and irritation of the mucosa of the intestinal wall;
Sufficient use of liquid;
The predominance of products of vegetable origin, containing a lot of fiber;
Warm food with frequent fractional reception;
Exclusion of coarse and dishes with spices.
Diet with constipation is necessary for the treatment of bowel disorders. You should carefully revise your diet: adherence to the right diet plays a huge role in the treatment of this disease. People who suffer from constipation, must know what foods help empty the intestines, and which, on the contrary, will make this process more difficult. Below is a list of products that help to empty the intestines, and a list of foods that complicate this matter.
Bread and bakery products. Preference should not be given to the freshest products of this series, but at least with 12-hour exposure. They are much better and faster digested and move along the intestines. With regard to flour, from which they are baked, then it must be unequivocally a variety of coarse grits, containing bran of wheat or wheat origin. It is allowed to eat cookery of a gallet type, oatmeal, bakery of an unhealthy type.
Meat and fish products. For fans of such dishes, such a diet can be a serious test, as it limits the consumption of food of animal origin. Allowed to accept easily assimilated varieties of meat, namely chicken, turkey, rabbit. With regard to the way they are cooked, they can be boiled or brawned whole pieces of meat, or ground to pieces and cooked in the form of steam cutlets, meatballs, various meat fillings in bakery products and vegetable salads. Fish are also allowed, especially low-fat types of river and marine types. Method of preparation identical to meat products.
Eggs, milk and sour-milk products. Very favorable effect on the state of digestion in terms of treating constipation. Their systematic use normalizes the intestinal microflora, thereby affecting the processes of correct fecal matter formation. Such products include yoghurts, kefir, yogurt, ryazhenka, cottage cheese and processed cheese, sour cream. With regard to whole or other types of milk, it can be consumed in moderation only to those persons who do not have lactose intolerance. Otherwise, it is possible to provoke the development of persistent diarrhea.
Cereals, pasta and liquid dishes. It is recommended to all patients with constipation to use soups, borscht, broths based on light types of poultry meat and rabbit. Non-ferrous dishes from pork are also allowed. Well proven vegetable soups, green and beetroot soup. The number of pasta and rice should be limited or excluded from the daily diet. From episodic use of them, there will not be much harm.
What fruit can be eaten with constipation? It is very important, despite the time of the year, to consume fruits and vegetables, as they are enriched with fiber, which plays a basic role in the formation of stools of normal consistency. Recommended citrus fruits, plums, apricots, as well as dried fruits based on them (dried apricots, raisins, prunes). Do not forget about vegetables in the form of salads with various vegetable oils. Of vegetables, beets, carrots, cabbage, tomatoes in moderate amounts can become very effective.
Apples with constipation occupy a special place, as the daily use of one or two apples on an empty stomach can often be a fairly effective measure to eliminate constipation. If you still consider the fact that this product is very common, then its use absolutely does not cause any difficulties. You can also eat apples in baked form.
The dates for constipation are also a very necessary product. They are used mainly in dried form. It is allowed as a reception of whole dried fruits without pits, and various broths on their basis. To do this, mix 4-5 dates with a glass of water and bring to a boil. Chilled broth taken on an empty stomach by 30-5о ml. You can also add various vegetable or butter to it.
Kiwi with constipation is better to eat raw, without crust. It is effective enough as an independent application, and in the form of various combinations in fruit salads with apples, citrus fruits, plums, apricots with yogurt sauce. The use of such a dish for breakfast will not only help in the fight against constipation, but also saturate the body with vitamins and energy resources.
Juices and decoctions. Basically they are prepared on the basis of the listed products. Their combination can be very diverse, depending on the tastes and preferences of a particular person. Recommended decoctions of rosehips, fresh beetroot juice on an empty stomach, the use throughout the day of apricot, carrot, apple, tomato juice. You can also prepare compotes based on them. Among other products, which are also indicated in the morning, is honey (1 tbsp), which is washed down with a glass of cold water.
There are also many special products that help normalize the stool, see the article – what helps with constipation?
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It is important to remember that non-observance of this item of the dietary table №3 not only aggravates the habitual constipation, but also completely eliminates those positive moments that are achieved by proper nutrition or medication. Therefore, it is strict to perform. The list of such products include:
Bread and pastry made of dough;
Filled broths of fatty meat;
Excessive consumption of rice;
Steep eggs, smoked dishes, canned food and spices;
Meat of fatty varieties: duck, goose, beef and the same kinds of fish;
Black strong tea and coffee, alcoholic beverages, jelly;
Cream dishes and chocolate;
Spicy dishes and seasonings;
But, if it happened that for some reason these food products were used, then mandatory measures should be taken to neutralize their fixing effect. This can be achieved either by eating the appropriate food recommended for the treatment of constipation, or with laxatives. You can not let things go by themselves, otherwise long-term efforts to eliminate constipation, which were achieved by many months, may be in vain.
Choose one diet for patients with constipation is impossible, because everything depends largely on the nature of the underlying disease, because of which there was a violation of the rate of bowel emptying. But there are some tips that will help everyone. For example, if people suffering from constipation have no heart diseases, swelling, then per day you can drink from one and a half to two liters of liquid, this will speed up the emptying of the intestine.
Necessarily need to comply with the diet: take food at least 5 once a day and do not make big breaks between meals. The cooking technique does not matter much, but when preparing a salad, for example, do not grind carrots, radishes and other vegetables, use a larger grater or a larger cut.
The author of the article: Diet Doctor, Kuzmina Vera Valerievna, specially for the site
Constipation is a situation in which for more than 24 hours there is no emptying of the intestine or occurs, but there is a feeling of incomplete emptying. In a healthy person, the frequency of emptying the bowels depends on his diet, habits and lifestyle. People who are sick with constipation often complain of chronic fatigue.
The problem of constipation in adults is not seen as a significant psychological inconvenience, except for forced, prolonged stay of a person in unaccustomed living conditions. In childhood, the psyche is not stable, subject to the influence of adults and the collective, the regulation of bowel evacuation in the child is not perfect.
With the problem of prolonged stool delay or difficulties in emptying the bowel, many are confronted, but in this case, home remedies that do not have any side effect on the body successfully cope. Such a healing effect can produce various vegetable oils, herbs.
Folk treatment of constipation, as well as dysbiosis, can help us in the following way. Take one glass of chopped herb celandine, one glass of sugar and three quarts of whey. Grass and sugar should be mixed and put on gauze, rolled and bandaged, put in a jar, where there should be serum. Cover the jar with gauze.
I know for myself that as soon as you stop eating foods that are weak, constipation is secured, and then you have to swallow the pill.
You also need to drink plenty of clean water.
You need to eat more cereals, pears, plums, apricots, yoghurts, beet salads. Drink about two liters of water per day. With such nutrition, you can even out the stool and without the help of medications. If the diet is not enough, you can drink laxatives, which will appoint a doctor.
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