Gout is a serious disease characterized by a violation of protein metabolism in the human body. In this case, the blood always contains an increased level of uric acid, in the tissues urates are deposited, clinically the disease often manifests itself in the form of recurrent acute arthritis. This disease can not be completely eliminated, but it is possible to significantly reduce the frequency and duration of periods of exacerbation. For this it is very important to adhere to the right diet.
The purpose of therapeutic methods for gout is to reduce the volume of various uric acid compounds in the body. Therefore, patients are prescribed modern drugs that interfere with the formation of the above-mentioned acid, and also contribute to its effective excretion from the body.
The intake of such medications is combined with a sharp reduction in purines supplied with food. For this, first of all, the animal's diet is removed from animal fats, all kinds of animal proteins and necessarily carbohydrates.
Products that must be excluded from the daily diet for gout
When gout, the patient, first of all, will have to give up all kinds of smoked products, any kinds of sausages, table salt, legumes. It is impossible to eat fatty meat products, especially by-products and meat of young animals, and also fish.
It is necessary to completely abandon heavy food such as mushrooms or fat. When gout is not necessary to savor food with a variety of seasonings and spicy spices. In this case, the exception is the bay leaf and table vinegar. In addition, the patient must give up strong alcoholic beverages, chocolate, cocoa, strong tea and coffee. Cheeses of salted and sharp varieties are also on the list of products that contribute to the development of exacerbations of the disease. In addition, we will have to give up both rich meat soups and broths cooked on meat.
Products that are allowed in limited quantities for gout
With a sick gout, you can dilute your menu with some products, strictly limiting the amount of their consumption. Among these products, low-fat milk and butter. True, they can be used only as additives to the main dish, for example, to the porridge. You can also eat with caution, boiled poultry and fish, it is better if it is trout or salmon. In moderation, tomatoes, ordinary cauliflower, any greens, juicy radishes and turnips can be enjoyed. Of fruits, one must be extremely careful with plums.
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What should the patient's menu for gout consist of? First and foremost, it should be rich in a variety of vegetable soups, and can be with cereals, sea cephalopods and crustaceans, low-fat fish species, rabbit meat, cereals and pasta, low-fat dairy products such as yogurt, sour cream, cheese. Food without fear can be flavored with dill, seized with black and white bread. Animal proteins should be replaced by plant proteins.
You are allowed to eat eggs, but not more than one per day. The menu can be replenished with any vegetables, except those that are prohibited. And also with green apples, any berries except raspberries, oranges, tangerines. Very useful dried fruits, except for raisins, as well as honey, nuts, seeds. From sweets you can enjoy marshmallow, marmalade and jam. Food can be prepared both in creamy and vegetable oil, but from refractory fats, such as pork or sheep, should be completely abandoned.
As for drinking, you should give preference to green tea, tea with milk or with lemon, juices, any decoctions of useful plants. In addition, you can drink mors, kvass, compotes of various fruits and berries. It is useful to use specialized mineral water and fresh cucumber juice.
It is necessary to remember that during gout it is recommended to conduct periodic unloading days. At the same time, you can consume only one type of vegetables the whole day, for example, limit yourself to potatoes or green apples. In the event that it is difficult to eat during the day with just one product, you can mix several types of vegetables or fruits and eat them in the form of salads. You can also choose a dairy, kefir or curd diet. At the same time, various aspects of the metabolic process are unloaded, which is very important for patients with gout.
For unloading days, you can use the rice and apple diet. To do this, boil 75 grams of rice on milk and take it in small portions. In between, you can eat apples both raw and in the form of compote. By the way, their number should not exceed 250 grams. And when preparing compote, you must completely abandon the sugar.
It should be noted that even though patients are recommended to conduct contrasting days of release, completely hungry days are strictly prohibited. It is also not possible to arrange courses of therapeutic starvation, because because of the complete cessation of food intake in the body, uric acid is sharply added to the blood. As a result, a gout attack begins.
Features of making menus for gout
For patients with gout, the following variant of a daily diet can be recommended. Breakfast should always consist of a vegetable salad, a delicious carrot-apple pudding, one soft-boiled egg, a weak tea. By the second breakfast you can cook unsweetened compote from wild rose berries. Lunch should be from milk soup with pasta, simple pancakes, jelly. As a snack, you can eat fresh apples. And for dinner you can eat sour croakers, cabbage rolls without meat, drink soft tea. Before going to bed, drink a broth cooked using wheat bran.
It should be emphasized that the diet with gout has a peculiar structure. It should be dominated by liquid and semi-liquid food in the form of vegetable soups, mineral waters, any compotes and fruit drinks, fresh juices and jelly, fruit and vegetables. In day it is necessary to drink in general 2-3 liters of liquid. And during the unloading days, you can consume up to 2 kg of any vegetables.
Making up a menu for a patient with gout, it is important to consider the presence of other chronic diseases. So, for example, if a patient has high cholesterol, he should not eat the yolk at all, and if he suffers from diabetes, flour and bakery products should be taken in limited quantities, and sugar and sweet must be completely excluded.
Often gout occurs in combination with obesity. In such cases, a special diet is appointed, which is called a diet by the health workers No. 8. It largely excludes the consumption of meat and fish and implies the frequent holding of unloading days, up to four times per week. And in general, a patient with gout is recommended to lose weight, because because of the large weight, the risk of frequent attacks increases. But while losing weight should not be too sharp, it should occur smoothly and imperceptibly.
And of course, with gout, you need to remember that the success of treatment depends on its complexity. Therefore, one diet should not be limited, even if it is chosen correctly, taking into account all the characteristics of the body. You can recommend using various physiotherapy procedures, and also you can do exercise therapy, which is very important for strengthening the body. However, before this it is necessary to discuss this with the attending physician.
However, such procedures are prohibited in the event that the patient has a period of exacerbation of the disease. At such times, physical rest, the use of warm warming baths and compresses, heat is recommended. A useful effect on the body is having a walk on the street, in particular before eating, or immediately after taking.
And undoubtedly, one should always keep in mind that gout can be controlled if you start paying attention to your health in time. Timely consultations with a doctor, modern medicament and physiotherapy treatment, the right diet – and you will forget about your illness for many years, you will be able to lead a full, absolutely normal life.
The author of the article: Diet Doctor, Kuzmina Vera Valerievna, specially for the site
The cause of gout is an increased and persistent level of uric acid in the blood. During the course of the disease, urate crystals (a derivative of uric acid) are deposited in the joints, organs and other body systems. Sodium urate crystallizes and small particles are deposited in the joints, which ultimately leads to.
Gout is one of the few dangerous heterogeneous diseases. It is considered quite common among the prevailing majority of older people. Previously, only men suffered from this ailment, today gout is often manifested in women. The clinical picture mainly consists in the incorrect inference of the appearance of peculiar salt growths on the bones.
Gouty arthritis is one of the types of inflammatory joint damage that is caused by the accumulation of uric acid crystals in the joint structures, its destructive effect on hyaline cartilage and periarticular tissues. This definition of the disease clearly indicates all the key mechanisms of development and manifestations of this process.
Arthritis is an inflammatory disease of the joint. With arthritis, you will feel pain in the joints, especially when walking. Sometimes the skin above the aching joint begins to turn red and a fever appears. If one joint is inflamed, then the disease is called monoarthritis, and if several joints are involved in the process, then – polyarthritis.
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