When the thyroid gland is broken, namely, the decrease in the level of hormone production, various systemic disorders mature in the human body at a slow rate. Hypothyroidism is characterized by a slowdown in many metabolic processes.
If you look at the situation from the inside, then there is a reduction in the production of digestive enzymes, a decrease in the oxygen consumption by tissues, and a decrease in energy consumption. A person experiences fatigue, weakness in muscles, drowsiness, hypotension, speech and thinking slowing, weight gain and swelling of tissues occur. Often there is a cessation of the production of vitamin A, and as a result – hair loss, dryness, peeling of the skin, cracks. To stop the more complex consequences of the disease and improve your health, at the initial stage you should clearly adjust the nutrition and take the medications prescribed by the doctor.
Basic principles of diet for hypothyroidism
With this disease it is important to reduce from the diet indigestible, rich in cholesterol and saturated fatty acids food. It is important to note that the diet is ancillary in the treatment of hypothyroidism, but not to follow it is unacceptable.
It is necessary to significantly reduce the consumption of so-called fast carbohydrates and products that increase the secretion of the stomach.
Below are some product selection rules:
It is desirable to replace meat with fish and other seafood;
To give preference to fresh fruits and vegetables;
1 once a week should arrange a fasting days on fruits or vegetables;
Any sweets and "goodies" are replaced with dried fruits.
Dishes should be steamed, or baked in a sealed container, salt only with iodized salt. Butter, lard and vegetable tropical oils during cooking are not recommended. There is only warm food, slowly and thoroughly chewing it. The body should not spend much energy on digesting food, so the latter should be light and well cooked. After a meal, it is advisable to relax. In addition, it is important that the diet was diverse.
What foods can be eaten to be sure of their benefits to the body?
The list of allowed products includes:
Sea kale, sea fish, mackerel, salmon. These products are very rich in phosphorus, polyunsaturated fatty acids and iodine;
Salads from fresh vegetables (from any vegetables, except for cruciferous family! For example from carrots, spinach, potatoes, cucumbers, beets, and of course any fresh greens);
Porridge: buckwheat, millet and barley cereals;
Low-fat meat and chicken meat;
Fruits (any), especially persimmon, feijoa and kiwi, which are rich in iodine;
Seafood (mussels, scallops, squid, oysters, including rolls and sushi);
Yesterday's or dried bread, dry biscuits;
Omelets and soft-boiled eggs, (yolk with caution);
Low-fat milk and lactic acid products, cottage cheese, low-fat sour cream;
Cheese should be selected unsalted and non-fat;
What drink? Tea and coffee can be consumed, but brew them loosely. Strongly brewed tea or coffee will be harmful! Very useful freshly squeezed juice, dog rose;
!! With care take horseradish, mayonnaise and butter;
The consumption of protein foods should be increased, and carbohydrate and fatty – significantly reduced. I must replenish the reserves of iodine in the body, and also ensure sufficient intake of vitamins. Iodine is found in seafood, cherries, walnuts, tomatoes, beets, apples, cheese, grapes and dairy products. Vitamins are rich in all of the above vegetables and fruits, and vitamin-mineral complexes can only be taken as directed and under the supervision of a doctor. When diseases of the thyroid gland is very important fiber. Since the metabolism in the body is slowed, often a violation of the stool with concomitant constipation. Fiber normalizes intestinal permeability and acts as a natural sorbent. Therefore, it is useful to add various bran in the diet.
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First of all, it should be said about soy, which is rich in isoflavones. And these substances are known to inhibit the production of thyroid hormones.
Any vegetables from the family of cruciferous must be completely excluded, since the isothiocyanates contained in them negatively affect the work of the thyroid gland.
Tap water is rich in chlorine, which prevents the absorption of iodine. Therefore, water must be filtered before use.
And a special role is played by offal (liver), which provokes the development of atherosclerosis, as well as light carbohydrates, which violate the work of the intestine. Therefore, it is necessary to exclude the use of products that increase the level of glucose in the blood. First of all, these are simple carbohydrates – baking, fast food, polished rice, dough, juices with sugar, etc.
A patient with hypothyroidism can not drink a lot of fluid, its volume should not exceed 1,5 liters, otherwise there will be swelling.
The prohibited products include:
Cruciferous (all kinds of cabbage, turnip, radish, radish, turnips), since they interfere with the absorption of iodine;
Mushrooms (in any form);
Marinades and canned food, sauces and spices;
Alcohol (if you drink alcohol, your body needs more thyroid hormones, so it's better to give up alcohol altogether, or use it in minimal amounts.);
Sausages of fatty varieties, sausages, any smoked meat and pickles. Canned fish;
Smoked and salted fish, canned fish;
Meat of fatty varieties, for example lamb, goose, duck;
By-products (brains, liver, kidneys);
Strongly boiled broths;
Any buns, cakes, pastries and pancakes;
It is allowed to take jam and honey, macaroni and rice;
Mustard, pepper, cocoa and Coke;
Diet for a week with hypothyroidism
Below is an approximate diet for a week with one day off. During the unloading day, you can choose to eat 1,5 kg of apples, 2 kg of cucumbers or drink 1,5 liters of 3% kefir. Other options are possible.
A set of foods that are consumed by dividing them into 4 – 5 receptions (breakfast, lunch, lunch, dinner)
Breakfast: muesli with milk or omelet from cream and 2 eggs, sprinkled with greens with green cucumber for a snack, a sandwich of cheese and whole wheat bread, tea with sugar substitute (stevia).
Dinner: a salad with grated carrots, dressed with olive oil, borsch with sour cream (low fat) and a small piece of boiled beef, unsweetened tea with bitter chocolate (15 g).
Afternoon snack: any allowed fruit or nuts (glass).
Dinner: baked fish or grilled chicken with a baked pumpkin as a side dish, an apple or tea with a small piece of chocolate.
Breakfast: curd, seasoned with low-fat sour cream, with the addition of grated apple, or 2 boiled eggs and fresh cucumber salad with greens, a cheese sandwich and whole wheat bread, tea or a glass of yogurt, kefir.
Lunch:boiled chicken or turkey, stewed in low-fat sour cream with boiled potatoes for garnish, salad with cucumbers, tomatoes, fruit.
Snack: whole wheat bread and a small slice of ham, or boiled seafood.
Dinner: low-fat cottage cheese and bread with butter and tea or beef stroganoff with cabbage, fruit.
Breakfast: cottage cheese with nuts, a sandwich with cheese and butter, kefir.
Dinner: vegetable soup with boiled beef or boiled chicken with broth, salad from sauerkraut, 1 / 2 st. low-fat sour cream, tea with bitter chocolate or low-fat kefir.
Afternoon snack: fruit, a sandwich with butter and cheese or a low-calorie dessert.
Dinner: Boiled or steamed sea fish with wild rice as a garnish, salad with greens and Peking cabbage, freshly squeezed juice from vegetables or fruits.
Breakfast: boiled eggs with salad from sea kale, 200 ml of low-fat milk.
Lunch: boiled chicken with broth, which added a boiled egg and greens, a salad of grated carrots and olive oil, tea with stevia.
Afternoon snack: kiwi or tea with low-calorie dessert, nuts.
Dinner: chicken giblets, stewed in low-fat sour cream with garnish of vegetables, steamed, salad of fresh vegetables with herbs, seasoned with butter.
Breakfast: boiled fish, freshly squeezed fruit or vegetable juice, cheese and butter on whole grain bread.
Dinner: the repetition of the menu of the last supper.
Afternoon snack: avocado seasoned with salt and spices.
Dinner: stewed veal with a garnish of baked vegetables, seaweed or olives with greens, freshly squeezed fruit juice or tea and chocolate.
Breakfast: boiled eggs with tomatoes baked with cheese, tea or low-fat kefir.
Dinner: lentil soup, spinach salad, 1 / 2 st. low-fat sour cream, green apple.
Afternoon snack: cottage cheese with pieces of fresh fruit and berries, seasoned with low-fat sour cream.
Dinner: lamb on the grill with a garnish of baked vegetables, sharp vegetable snacks "in Korean", 100 g of dry grape wine.
Breakfast: egg omelet with cheese of the type "Adyghe" or "mozzarella", fruit jelly.
Dinner: veal steak with steamed or grilled vegetables for garnish, salad of fresh vegetables, tea or yogurt.
Afternoon snack: a glass of nuts or sunflower seeds, banana.
Dinner: boiled potatoes with sea baked fish, a salad of Peking cabbage with herbs, freshly squeezed juice or tea with a bit of chocolate bitter varieties.
This menu is approximate, most products can be replaced with similar ones, but more suitable to taste. If the menu contains fish, it is better to give preference to salmon, herring, mackerel and bondage – rich in iodine. The same group of products includes iodine-enriched mineral water.
The diet for hypothyroidism is not considered rigid, it is rich and diverse in products, sometimes you can pamper yourself with a cup of natural coffee for breakfast. The main thing is to follow the basic principles of this diet.
The author of the article: Diet Doctor, Kuzmina Vera Valerievna, specially for the site
Hypothyroidism is a process that arises from the lack of thyroid hormones in the thyroid gland. This disease occurs in about one in a thousand men and nineteen in a thousand women. Often there are cases when the disease is difficult to detect, and for a long time.
Modern methods of treating hypothyroidism include both drug therapy and the intake of hormonal drugs in combination with a certain diet. Since the disease occurs due to a lack of production of thyroid hormones, you should make up for their quantity in the body.
Hypothyroidism in women is a fairly common disease, especially in old age, but very often it is diagnosed in later stages. This is due to the insignificance of symptoms, which are often perceived as a result of overwork.
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The information on the site is intended for acquaintance and does not call for independent treatment, the doctor's consultation is obligatory!