A living organism is a system in which every element is important. A failure in the work of any part of the body can seriously undermine health, and recovery will be lengthy and difficult. One of the pathological conditions include dysbacteriosis, or a change in the balance of microorganisms in the intestine.
In a normal state, the human body contains a huge number of beneficial bacteria – bifido- and lactobacilli. At the child their weight reaches 1 kg, at adults up to 3 kg depending on weight of the person. Bacteria are responsible for digestion and providing the body with nutrients. This is not all the functions of microflora, and if it is violated a person can find the following symptoms:
- Weakness, loss of appetite;
- Weight loss, deterioration of the skin, hair, teeth, body aches;
- Diarrhea, swelling, pain and heaviness in the abdomen, indigestion, sometimes constipation;
- Allergy to familiar products, can manifest itself in the form of skin rashes, and as food poisoning;
- Frequent infectious diseases as a result of weakening of immunity.
There are factors directly affecting the development of dysbiosis:
- Antibiotic therapy and taking a number of other drugs. Antibiotics, along with the pathogenic flora, destroy the bacteria necessary for the body;
- Oncological diseases and methods of their treatment: chemotherapy, radiation and radiotherapy;
- Parasites that live in the intestine;
- Features of nutrition, leading to fermentation processes;
- Infections of the gastrointestinal tract;
- Chronic diseases of the digestive tract, especially during the period of exacerbation.
To an imbalance of microflora lead also stresses, change of a climatic zone, fatigue, adiposity, a poisoning. The risk group includes elderly people due to age and babies, especially premature babies or those who were early switched to artificial feeding.
Investigation of stool or other biomaterial to confirm dysbacteriosis takes up to ten days, whereas it is necessary to eliminate the problem urgently. Therefore, they act on the basis of symptoms.
As a treatment or prevention of dysbiosis, probiotics are prescribed for rational absorption of food in the intestinal wall and prebiotics for the growth of the oppressed microflora. In addition to medical support, patients are prescribed compliance with the principles of nutrition. Diet for the recovery of microflora is based on the basic rules:
- Food should provide the body with the necessary vitamins and minerals;
- It is necessary to observe a balance in proteins, fats and carbohydrates;
- It is necessary to drink a lot of clean water, but not during a meal;
- It is forbidden to eat foods that increase the manifestation of dysbiosis;
- Diet is selected personally for each patient, depending on the symptoms, if necessary, the menu is adjusted;
- Eat regularly and in batches; Overeating and hunger are unacceptable.
When compiling a diet, it is important to consider the immediate cause of dysbiosis, but the principles are the same.
Regardless of the nature of the disturbances of the stool, one must definitely refuse from deliberately harmful products: sausages, smoked products, sweets, fatty and fried foods, alcohol, soda, canned food. The rest of the banned products fall into this list as causing the process of fermentation in the intestines: beans, mushrooms, onions, garlic, sour berries and fruits, melons, grapes, raw vegetables, fresh white bread, yeast pastries, spices, spices, seafood, spinach, sorrel , radish, milk, pyshenka, pearl barley, and manga.
The allowed products have two tasks: do no harm and help restore intestinal functions. Very useful herbs: mint, chamomile, cloves, bay leaves, caraway, lemon balm, sage. In the diet it is necessary to include all vegetables, fish and meat only in boiled form with minimal salt addition. The menu is dominated by:
- Milk porridge or porridge with low-fat milk: rice, oats, buckwheat;
- chicken and fish loose broths;
- Chicken, meat and fish steamed burgers;
- Cottage cheese, kefir;
- Bread from wholemeal and bran;
- Thermally processed vegetables and fruits.
There are a number of products, for example, eggs, which are recommended to be used cautiously, although they are not prohibited. In different sources, they can appear in opposite lists. Doubts will allow consultation with the doctor and monitoring the recovery process.
When the diet is prescribed, various factors are taken into account, including the age of the patient. For a basis it is possible to take known in medicine "Diets № 4", if other recommendations are not given. Observe the special diet is necessary until the symptoms disappear, after which to switch to a full-fledged healthy diet.
If the dysbacteriosis developed against the background of GI disease, food is primarily built up taking into account these disorders.
After normalizing the stool and stopping the painful sensations, one should not go back to the wrong eating habits. You can very quickly lose the results. To maintain microflora, constant favorable conditions are required. Symptoms of dysbiosis are present in most adults in an implicit form, but they are not paid attention to, and sometimes it is enough simply to change food.
Dietary nutrition for children with dysbiosis
Children are not immune from imbalance of microflora. Often, he receives antibiotics or immaturity of the digestive system. At the child on thoracal feeding there can be reactions to some products used by the mother, namely due to a dysbacteriosis. To excommunicate the child from breast milk in no case it is impossible, this mother needs to adjust her own diet. Moreover, she should have recovered her microflora during pregnancy. Infants on artificial feeding should receive beneficial bacteria with the mixture, they are assigned special mixtures.
The diet of a child who has just switched over for a common table is, as a rule, still free from heavy food, fast food and surrogates, but it is necessary to make adjustments. It is important at the same time to provide a growing body of vitamins and nutrients. Food should be gentle, that is, do not exert pressure on the digestive system, do not irritate the mucous membrane, it is easy to digest.
From the kid's menu are excluded
Other exceptions, as in adults. If the baby has a decrease in appetite, you can not force him to eat meat, it is better to focus on vegetable and sour-milk dishes. Excluded uncontrolled snacks biscuits, fruits, etc.
Dysbacteriosis in infants: nutrition of the mother
Some experts believe that the microflora of newborns for natural reasons is immature, you just have to wait. But this phenomenon can inhibit the growth and development of the baby, so you can not leave it without attention, especially if the process is accompanied by lethargy, pallor or redness of the skin. High risk of dysbiosis in children who were not attached to the chest in the first hours, because together with the drops of colostrum in their intestines is populated with a useful microflora. In its absence or deficiency, the pathogenic flora actively propagates and provokes the development of serious digestive system diseases in the future.
While the baby's diet consists entirely of breast milk, the mother must refuse a number of products: smoked, pickled, fatty, sweet, spicy. She should eat kefir, cottage cheese, fermented biscuits, fiber-rich foods, steamed meat and vegetables, with care fruits (some of them cause fermentation). It is recommended to keep a diary of nutrition, where the mother will celebrate the child's reaction to a particular product eaten by her.
To violations of stool in infants, anxiety, bad sleep should be treated with all seriousness. If the situation improves when the mother's nutrition is adjusted, it is necessary to examine the baby for intestinal infections and worms.
The consequences of antibiotic treatment and nutrition after it
Antibiotic therapy should always be accompanied by the intake of probiotics, do not wait until the intestinal microflora is destroyed. Special nutrition during taking antibiotics is also a necessary prevention of dysbacteriosis.
In some cases, the treatment with antibiotics results in a short-term indigestion that goes by itself, but with a sensitive bowel, a predisposition to digestion disorders or a child's age, nutrition should be given special attention. Suppression of a favorable microflora leads to a rapid growth of fungi, which damage the walls of the intestine and through them enter the blood and other organs. Women are also killed by vaginal flora, leading to the development of sexual infections.
A large role in the restoration of useful flora is given by a sour-milk product containing "living" bacteria. But it is difficult to call alive products that can be stored for several months, so buying only a sour milk with a shelf life of not more than a week. It is possible to prepare at home kefir, cottage cheese, ayran.
You should prefer a "modest" menu of dietary boiled meat and white fish, steamed vegetables, liquid soups, self-cooked cereals, whole grain bread, cheese. From drinks, you can include in the diet herbal freshly brewed teas, diuretics, weak coffee, unsweetened juices and compotes, clean filtered water.
The elimination of toxins from the body is helped by vegetable products containing antioxidants: plum, parsley, almonds, hazelnuts, walnuts, beans, cocoa. Restoration of the bowels helps chewing garlic and tincture of propolis with milk.
Almost always dysbiosis is accompanied by diarrhea. The diet should start with an 2-3-day hunger strike, if there are no contraindications (pregnant women and children should not starve for so long). These days you should drink unsweetened fruit drinks, teas, water. From the following menus it is necessary to exclude cellulose in pure form, fatty, fried, smoked, sweet, rich, fresh vegetables and fruits should be limited.
Do not try to eat fortifying foods, because diarrhea in this case can quickly go into constipation. It is necessary not to eliminate the symptom, but to restore the intestine. The diet includes sour-milk products, mashed potatoes, cutlets from low-fat meat, chicken, fish.
To make it easier to understand the prohibitions and recommendations, you can simply adhere to the ready-made diet, it is permissible to make your own adjustments depending on the prevailing symptoms.
- Breakfast: oatmeal porridge, steamed meatballs from chicken or beef, weak coffee;
- Second breakfast: rusks, greens, cottage cheese, tea;
- Lunch: soup on vegetable broth, baked vegetables with fish;
- Afternoon snack: mashed carrots, yogurt;
- Dinner: mashed potatoes with butter, marshmallow or pastille, a piece of meat, green tea.
Before going to bed when feeling hungry, it is recommended to drink kefir or fermented baked milk.
In the following video, the nutritionist will tell you what foods are recommended for treating dysbacteriosis:
Many items in the diet for dysbacteriosis are similar to the principles of proper nutrition, so people who do not abuse unhealthy food will find it easier to withstand a diet, they will recover faster, and they have less risk of breaking microflora. A full-fledged healthy diet is the prevention of diseases that lead to dysbacteriosis.
At a dysbacteriosis the diet appoints the attending physician. Everything depends on the severity, disease, well-being of the patient. Self-medication can only be harmed. My 6-month-old daughter started a dysbacteriosis. The doctor canceled all foods, lures and appointed biokefir, with 2-x, 3-day. So they ate until a year.
One-day kefir has a lax effect, and 2-day
Slacker diets here are given, I was hoping to find here something like abc, ad and similar diets From the summer I.
A good drug, most importantly – do not overdo it with a dosage, which seems to have been a couple of times.
Hey. I even did not know that there are such drugs for slimming, and it's very good to make them in syrups, pills, tablets.
And women also 3-4 times a week doing exercises?