Pyelonephritis is a disease in which the inflammatory process develops in the kidney tissue. Causes of pathology can have a different character. Treatment methods aimed at relief of symptoms in adults and children, in addition to basic therapy, mean compliance with the correct diet. Diet with inflammation of the kidneys is aimed at removing un-oxidized degradation products, toxins, toxins, normalization of metabolic processes, elimination of symptoms of inflammation. What should be the regimen, diet for inflammation of the kidney tissue?
Proper nutrition with nephritis
In medical practice, inflammation of the kidneys can develop at any age, regardless of sex. Pathology arises under the influence of unfavorable exo- and endogenous factors. Predisposing factors include:
- prolonged hypothermia;
- dental problems;
- associated chronic diseases, diseases;
- diseases of the respiratory tract, endocrine system;
- disorders in the work of the urino-genital organs;
- genetic predisposition.
Not the least role is played by the way of life, the diet, in case of non-observance, metabolism is broken, serious pathologies develop. For this reason, medical specialists, nutritionists have developed a special dietary diet, which, in addition to the basic medical methods, contributes to the normalization of the paired organ.
The therapeutic diet for diseases accompanied by the development of the inflammatory process in the kidneys should be balanced in the concentration of proteins, carbohydrates, fats. The diet should be nutritious, vitaminized and varied. It is equally important to consume enough fluids per day to neutralize the inflammatory process, to accelerate the elimination of toxic substances.
Products should contain in sufficient quantities vitamins, substances, biologically active components that have lipotropic properties. It is very important to adhere to the regime, the daily routine.
What can and should be used for kidney disease, and what can not, in the opinion of medical experts, introduce into your daily diet.
At the initial stages of the disease, making daily meals, it is necessary to choose the right foods that you can consume. First and foremost, it is important to control the consumption of food rich in calcium, potassium, phosphorus and especially sodium, which enters the body with salt. It is important to consider the caloric intake of the diet based on energy needs.
When pyelonephritis is recommended to pay attention to the content of proteins, fats, carbohydrates, control the intake of macro- and microelements into the body.
Proteins (proteins) are nitrogen-containing components, play an important role in the construction of all structures of the body. Proteins take part in metabolic processes, but when they break up, such components as urea, creatine, which are excreted by the kidneys from the body when urinating.
Given that the kidneys perform excretory, filtration function, excess proteins have a toxic effect. For this reason, it is very important to control the concentration of the intake of protein-containing products.
At the same time, it is not necessary to completely abandon the products that contain protein, since this element plays an important role in other processes necessary for health, activation of protective forces. The source of proteins are:
With uremia, exacerbations of chronic kidney diseases, the amount of protein per day should not exceed 25-35
Excess sodium promotes the retention of water in the cellular structures of tissues, which leads to an increase in the burden on the kidneys, especially in the warm season. An increase in the concentration of sodium in the body can lead to a change in blood pressure, provokes an aggravation of inflammation.
In the inflammatory process in the kidneys, it is necessary to control the intake of phosphorus into the body. Due to a malfunction in the body, increased salt separation, calcium is washed out of the bone structures, which can lead to the development of osteoporosis.
In the menu of adults, children who have been diagnosed with nephritis, it is worthwhile to introduce with caution the products that have a diuretic effect. Among such foodstuffs it is possible to note:
- deciduous salads.
Vegetable salads can and should be eaten, but only in moderation.
With jade, you can eat berries, fruits, dried fruits, walnuts, hazelnuts, cashews, sunflower seeds, sour-milk products.
In the diet should be fresh, stewed, boiled, baked vegetables, cereals, vegetable oil, foods rich in fiber, natural honey, compotes, kissels, herbal teas, fresh mussels.
You can eat potatoes in any form, all kinds of cereals, pasta from durum wheat. A week is allowed to eat no more than five eggs. Eggs are used boiled, soft. It is best to make a steam omelet with greens,
Coffee, strong black tea throughout the day can be drunk only once a day. During the day, you can drink a few mugs of tea with the addition of milk, honey, lemon.
When jade, nutritionists recommend eating boiled, stewed, baked in the oven, grilled meat, sea fish. You can introduce veal, rabbit meat, beef, poultry into the diet, but moderate amounts. Boiled, steamed meat to improve the taste can be fried on a small amount of vegetable oil. Meat dishes are better to combine with vegetables, salads, cereals.
Food can be seasoned with a small amount of spices – cinnamon, cumin, coriander, oregano, dried dill, paprika, white pepper. For piquancy, ready meals can be seasoned with diluted wine vinegar, lemon.
With pyelonephritis, therapeutic nutrition should be dosed, fractional. Food is recommended to be consumed at the same time throughout the day. The daily ration is divided into five to six receptions.
During cooking, you can not salt meals. Salt in minimal quantities is added already in cooked side dishes, soups, broths. In acute forms of inflammation, chronic nephritis, salt is completely excluded from the diet. If there are no contraindications, a day is allowed to consume no more than 5 g salt.
With regard to the fluid used, not counting the soups, the daily norm for adults – 800-1000 ml.
When the disease worsens, chronic pathologies, it is very important to control the caloric value, energy value of the diet. The main way of cooking is steaming, grilling, in the oven.
The duration of the therapeutic diet for kidney diseases is 10-12 months. To avoid repeated problems, exacerbation of the disease, it is necessary to adhere to the diet, there are useful products.
With inflammation of the kidney tissue, it is necessary to exclude products with an increased content of extractive components: rich meat, mushroom, fish broth.
What can not be eaten with inflammatory diseases of the kidneys:
- marinades, pickles, pickled vegetables;
- Smoked meat, sausages, sausages;
- snacks, cheeses, canned food;
- fresh muffin, sweets, cakes, cakes;
- fatty meat, fish, poultry;
- raw, fried onions, garlic, horseradish, mustard, parsley, spicy, spicy;
- ketchup, sauces.
Completely exclude from the menu sour sorrel, mushrooms, carbonated drinks, alcohol, strong coffee, cocoa, chocolate, carbonated mineral water containing sodium. You can not often eat legumes, soy, dishes from fast food, fresh baking, sugar in large quantities. White varieties of bread should be replaced with whole-grain, protein-free, salt-free varieties.
When the disease worsens, you can not eat homemade cakes, any sweets, fatty creams, sour cream, cottage cheese, refractory fats, cheeses.
During the period of remission, it is necessary to correct your diet by consulting with the doctor in advance.