Increasing cholesterol (cholesterol) in the blood is the most important risk factor for the development of human cardiovascular diseases, such as ischemic heart disease, strokes, Lerish syndrome and others. In this case, there are differences in the lipid content of representatives of different sexes. The level of cholesterol in men is always higher than that of women of the same age group. This is due to the fact that female sex hormones provide hypocholesterolemic effect. Therefore, a diet with elevated cholesterol in men takes a leading place in the correction of lipid metabolism.
Dietary measures to reduce cholesterol should be prescribed by a doctor according to strict indications
Elevated cholesterol levels are a key risk factor in the occurrence of myocardial infarction and stroke.
The increase in cholesterol does not arise by itself, but is associated with various diseases and conditions in the body. Most often, the causes of the appearance of hypercholesterolemia are:
Very often, in one person, several possible causes of changes in the level of cholesterol in the blood are revealed. The factors that affect lipid metabolism can be identified only by the attending physician after collecting an anamnesis, external examination of the patient and conducting additional research methods.
Diagnosis of hypercholesterolemia is based on a biochemical study of the lipid profile of the blood. In this case, the male is determined by the level of cholesterol, high and low density lipoproteins. This is due to the fact that not one cholesterol affects the risk of developing vascular pathology, but a combination of these substances.
The normal level of cholesterol in the blood varies depending on age and tends to increase with aging and aging of a person. The table shows the intervals of normal lipid content in men by age group.
From the table it is seen that the norms of the lipid profile vary in age. So, for example, the cholesterol values in men after 30 years significantly differ from normal indicators in adolescence.
Interpret the results of the tests should only be the attending physician!
The daily requirement for cholesterol is almost identical for people of different sex and age. As a rule, our body needs 800-1200 mg of cholesterol per day. However, most of this amount (60-70%) is produced by the hepatic cells, and is not associated with eating. Therefore, the intake of cholesterol from food products should not exceed 300 mg per day. Otherwise, even the diet itself can become a key factor in the development of hypercholesterolemia.
The fight against increased cholesterol is based on observing fairly simple but effective rules and principles of a diet with high cholesterol:
A diet with high cholesterol in men corresponds to any normal diet of a healthy person, and does not lead to serious food deprivation or the abandonment of useful foods.
Doctors identify a number of products or their derivatives that must be completely excluded from the diet, due to their effect on fat metabolism and the increase in the amount of cholesterol in the blood:
Healthy people experts recommend consuming no more than 300 mg of cholesterol per day
All these products contain a large amount of cholesterol and fats, which negatively affects the health of a person with hypercholesterolemia.
The use of these products should be limited, but a complete rejection of them is not required.
For each individual patient, a diet is prepared by a doctor-therapist, or with the participation of a special dietitian. The diet is selected according to the principles that have already been described.
An approximate diet plan is outlined below and is recommended as a starter kit for compiling a diet.
An approximate menu for a week shows that patients continue to receive adequate nutrition despite the restriction in a number of products. The main thing is to create a diet that suits the patient and was diverse.
Products that increase cholesterol should be excluded from the diet.
To avoid excess cholesterol in the diet, choose low-fat meat, vegetable products and give up processed meat
The needs of the body in nutrients and the characteristics of metabolism depend on the age of the man. Therefore, there are a number of additions to the above provisions, based on the age principle.
At the age of 30-35 years, the body of a man needs a large amount of building protein material. In this regard, food rich in protein (chicken, skim curd) should be present in the diet in larger quantities. It is in this age period that hypercholesterolemia is most easily corrected with a change in lifestyle and diet.
At an older age, the body needs to change: amino acids and proteins are required less, but a decrease in metabolic rate is observed, which leads to a more rapid formation of adipose tissue and a change in the ratio of lipids in the blood. In this regard, men after 40 years are recommended to limit the consumption of fast carbohydrates as much as possible. In this case, the body needs a large number of polyunsaturated fatty acids, which positively affect the state of the vascular bed, the brain.
Each individual man with hypercholesterolemia needs an individual approach based not only on the level of cholesterol in the blood, but also on the received data on the lifestyle, nutrition of the person, the transferred diseases and related data. Choose a diet and make a diet should be a medical specialist who has an idea of the principles of healthy eating with increased cholesterol and who can interpret the data of clinical and laboratory research.