Categories: Cholesterol Diet

Diet for lowering cholesterol in men

Increasing cholesterol (cholesterol) in the blood is the most important risk factor for the development of human cardiovascular diseases, such as ischemic heart disease, strokes, Lerish syndrome and others. In this case, there are differences in the lipid content of representatives of different sexes. The level of cholesterol in men is always higher than that of women of the same age group. This is due to the fact that female sex hormones provide hypocholesterolemic effect. Therefore, a diet with elevated cholesterol in men takes a leading place in the correction of lipid metabolism.

Dietary measures to reduce cholesterol should be prescribed by a doctor according to strict indications

Elevated cholesterol levels are a key risk factor in the occurrence of myocardial infarction and stroke.

The increase in cholesterol does not arise by itself, but is associated with various diseases and conditions in the body. Most often, the causes of the appearance of hypercholesterolemia are:

  • Hereditary disorders in the exchange of cholesterol, lipoproteins and other fats.
  • Diabetes mellitus of any type.
  • Chronic renal failure, chronic glomerulonephritis.
  • Inflammatory diseases and tumor damage to the pancreas and liver.
  • Dysfunction with predominance of fat intake and simple carbohydrates.
  • Excess body weight and obesity.
  • Abuse of alcoholic beverages.

Very often, in one person, several possible causes of changes in the level of cholesterol in the blood are revealed. The factors that affect lipid metabolism can be identified only by the attending physician after collecting an anamnesis, external examination of the patient and conducting additional research methods.

Diagnosis of hypercholesterolemia is based on a biochemical study of the lipid profile of the blood. In this case, the male is determined by the level of cholesterol, high and low density lipoproteins. This is due to the fact that not one cholesterol affects the risk of developing vascular pathology, but a combination of these substances.

The normal level of cholesterol in the blood varies depending on age and tends to increase with aging and aging of a person. The table shows the intervals of normal lipid content in men by age group.

From the table it is seen that the norms of the lipid profile vary in age. So, for example, the cholesterol values ​​in men after 30 years significantly differ from normal indicators in adolescence.

Interpret the results of the tests should only be the attending physician!

The daily requirement for cholesterol is almost identical for people of different sex and age. As a rule, our body needs 800-1200 mg of cholesterol per day. However, most of this amount (60-70%) is produced by the hepatic cells, and is not associated with eating. Therefore, the intake of cholesterol from food products should not exceed 300 mg per day. Otherwise, even the diet itself can become a key factor in the development of hypercholesterolemia.

The most important principles of nutrition

The fight against increased cholesterol is based on observing fairly simple but effective rules and principles of a diet with high cholesterol:

  • Any patient needs to increase the intake of foods with complex carbohydrates: grain bread, cereals, vegetables and fruits. Carbohydrates should be from 50 to 60% of daily intake of food. It is desirable to buy bread from rye or otrubnoj flour, there are macaroni only of firm grades.
  • Optimal sources of protein for the male body – fish, cottage cheese or low-fat red meat. In this case, there are certain restrictions on the mass of the consumed product – curd and fish can be eaten up to 150 gr. per day, and red meat – up to 100 gr. In addition, patients are recommended white meat (chicken, rabbit), but with previously removed skin. Meat is not recommended to eat in fried form. It is best to cook it for a couple or boil, and serve with a garnish of vegetables and greens.
  • Egg yolk should be excluded from food, as it contains a large amount of cholesterol.
  • Consumption of fast carbohydrates should be reduced to a minimum, since glucose is easily converted to fatty acids, which can be used to synthesize various fats.
  • Dairy products should be either completely fat-free, or with minimal fat content. From the cream and sour cream, it is best to refuse altogether.
  • The food should be fractional – 5-6 once a day in small portions. The last meal should be carried out for 3-4 hours before going to bed.

A diet with high cholesterol in men corresponds to any normal diet of a healthy person, and does not lead to serious food deprivation or the abandonment of useful foods.

Foods subject to exclusion from food

Doctors identify a number of products or their derivatives that must be completely excluded from the diet, due to their effect on fat metabolism and the increase in the amount of cholesterol in the blood:

  • Fats of animal origin (culinary, pork and others), lard of any kind, margarine and butter.
  • Sausage semi-finished products: smoked and boiled sausages, sausages, ham.
  • Prefabricated in the factory, dressings, sauces and mayonnaise.
  • Fast food: hamburgers, French fries, popcorn and others;
  • Canned food and semi-finished products, such as dumplings, cutlets, crab sticks, stews and others.

Healthy people experts recommend consuming no more than 300 mg of cholesterol per day

All these products contain a large amount of cholesterol and fats, which negatively affects the health of a person with hypercholesterolemia.

Products whose consumption should be limited

  • Meat of fatty varieties (pork, goose, duck, etc.).
  • A number of seafood (game, squid and shrimp).
  • Confectionery.
  • Fatty dairy and sour-milk products – cream, hard sorts of cheese.

The use of these products should be limited, but a complete rejection of them is not required.

Approximate diet with hypercholesterolemia

For each individual patient, a diet is prepared by a doctor-therapist, or with the participation of a special dietitian. The diet is selected according to the principles that have already been described.

An approximate diet plan is outlined below and is recommended as a starter kit for compiling a diet.

  • Breakfast № 1 – syrniki (no more than 2) and natural, or freshly squeezed juice (1 glass).
  • Breakfast №2 – salad from vegetables without dressing.
  • Lunch – boiled pepper stuffed with rice and chicken.
  • Snack – any fruit (apple, pear, etc.), grain bread with low-fat cheese.
  • Supper – vegetable soup with false low-fat sour cream.
  • Breakfast №1 – salad from fresh vegetables.
  • Breakfast №2 – grain bread with jam and a glass of fresh orange juice.
  • Lunch – vegetable soup, salad with brynza, vegetables and herbs.
  • Snack – muesli and natural yogurt.
  • Dinner – steamed fish.
  • Breakfast № 1 – omelet from 2-3 eggs without yolk.
  • Breakfast №2 – salad from vegetables without dressing.
  • Lunch – boiled pepper stuffed with rice and chicken.
  • Snack – any fruit (apple, pear, etc.), grain bread with low-fat cheese.
  • Supper – vegetable soup with false low-fat sour cream.
  • Breakfast №1 – fat-free cottage cheese with a teaspoon of sour cream and freshly squeezed juice.
  • Breakfast №2 – apple or grapefruit.
  • Lunch – vegetable soup, grain bread with cheese.
  • Afternoon snack – salad with egg (without yolk) and fresh vegetables.
  • Dinner – baked or steamed vegetables.
  • Breakfast №1 – porridge with a pumpkin with pumpkin.
  • Breakfast №2 – a glass of natural yoghurt with low fat content or kefir.
  • Lunch – boiled rice with vegetables and chicken.
  • Snack – banana, apple or other fruit.
  • Supper – vegetable soup with false low-fat sour cream.
  • Breakfast №1 – a glass of freshly squeezed juice.
  • Breakfast №2 – vegetable salad with greens.
  • Lunch – boiled beans, a small portion of white meat and a tomato.
  • Afternoon snack – a glass of yogurt and whole wheat bread.
  • Supper – braised fish.
  • Breakfast №1 – low-fat or low-fat cottage cheese, a glass of apple juice.
  • Breakfast № 2 – a persimmon.
  • Lunch is soup from vegetables, two slices of whole grain bread.
  • Afternoon snack – vegetable salad, two eggs (without yolk).
  • Dinner – macaroni of hard varieties with cheese.

An approximate menu for a week shows that patients continue to receive adequate nutrition despite the restriction in a number of products. The main thing is to create a diet that suits the patient and was diverse.

Products that increase cholesterol should be excluded from the diet.

To avoid excess cholesterol in the diet, choose low-fat meat, vegetable products and give up processed meat

Change in diet due to age

The needs of the body in nutrients and the characteristics of metabolism depend on the age of the man. Therefore, there are a number of additions to the above provisions, based on the age principle.

At the age of 30-35 years, the body of a man needs a large amount of building protein material. In this regard, food rich in protein (chicken, skim curd) should be present in the diet in larger quantities. It is in this age period that hypercholesterolemia is most easily corrected with a change in lifestyle and diet.

At an older age, the body needs to change: amino acids and proteins are required less, but a decrease in metabolic rate is observed, which leads to a more rapid formation of adipose tissue and a change in the ratio of lipids in the blood. In this regard, men after 40 years are recommended to limit the consumption of fast carbohydrates as much as possible. In this case, the body needs a large number of polyunsaturated fatty acids, which positively affect the state of the vascular bed, the brain.

Each individual man with hypercholesterolemia needs an individual approach based not only on the level of cholesterol in the blood, but also on the received data on the lifestyle, nutrition of the person, the transferred diseases and related data. Choose a diet and make a diet should be a medical specialist who has an idea of ​​the principles of healthy eating with increased cholesterol and who can interpret the data of clinical and laboratory research.