One of the most common diseases of the stomach is gastritis, which is characterized by inflammation of the mucous membrane. In the absence of proper timely therapy, the disease passes into a chronic stage. One of the prerequisites for effective therapy is a diet with chronic gastritis, which will help to eliminate symptoms of the problem, as well as get rid of the disease.
With stomach gastritis, a complex treatment is required, consisting of taking medications and observing a certain diet. In each clinical case, the doctor prescribes the menu individually, based on the general condition of the patient, the symptoms, acidity of the gastric juice and the features of the course of the disease.
Dietotherapy for gastritis is the frequent use of ground to mellow food. It should be excluded from the diet of coarse fiber, sharp or fatty dishes. Special attention must be given to the saturation process, since with gastritis overeating is contraindicated.
Eliminate the disease without a properly selected diet is impossible, so this issue must be treated responsibly, carefully following all the prescriptions of the doctor.
Therapeutic diet for chronic gastritis consists in the reception of easily digestible food and is aimed at normalizing the digestive system. The most strict menu is made during the period of exacerbation. As symptoms ease, the list of products allowed for use expands, and some restrictions are abolished.
Among the principles of nutrition are the following:
- To exclude the use of hot or cold dishes, the best option is a warm meal;
- You need to cook in a double boiler, you can bake, stew or cook;
- completely refuse from sharp, smoked, salty foods;
- food should be fractional;
- carefully monitor the size of portions and a sense of satiety, so as to avoid overeating;
- Do not eat acidic vegetables or fruits in raw form, as the acidity of the gastric juice may increase;
- products should be thoroughly chewed to facilitate the process of digestion of food;
- refrain from smoking, alcohol, coffee, fast food, as they irritate the inflamed mucosa of the stomach.
For a chronic gastritis, a diet is not a temporary component of therapy, but a rule of eating that must be adhered to throughout life.
Separate attention in the treatment of gastritis is given to the diet. Do not take long breaks between meals. There is a need at certain hours. Immediately after awakening, it is advisable to eat a little, since at this time there is a slow production of digestive enzymes. It is forbidden to have a snack or eat dry. Adherence to diet contributes to the normal functioning of the digestive system.
Chronic gastritis is a disease that often occurs asymptomatically, for a long time without completely manifesting itself. Among the reasons leading to an exacerbation of a pathology, are allocated:
- improper diet;
- a weakened immune system;
- stressful situations;
- Helicobacter – bacteria that damage the gastric mucosa;
- other diseases of internal organs.
Recommendations for chronic gastritis in the period of exacerbation are aimed at reducing the inflammatory process and accelerating the healing of the mucosa.
The main task of dietotherapy is to create peace for the sick body. It is important to spare the digestive tract as much as possible, avoiding mechanical, thermal or chemical effects.
Food should be the simplest, steamed or boiled. Dishes should be served in ragged form, at room temperature. On the first day of an exacerbation of the disease, you must give up eating, replacing it with an abundant drink (up to 2 liters). The next day allowed liquid porridge, meat soufflé, jelly.
Subsequently introduced into the menu are crunches, mashed potatoes, low-fat (and preferably vegetable) broth, steam cutlets, compote and herbal tea. As the state improves, the list of allowed products expands.
With a disease like chronic gastritis, the diet is determined by two factors: what you can eat, what is not. These questions can be answered only by the attending physician, with whom the diet menu is agreed.
When compiling a diet, the morbid state of the mucous membrane is taken into account. Accepted food should positively influence the recovery of the inflamed mucosa and its functions, rather than irritating it even more.
Diet for chronic gastritis is based on a certain list of foods from which you can prepare a variety of dishes that provide the body with the necessary vitamins and trace elements. Special attention should be given to the naturalness and freshness of the products.
To normalize the production of gastric juice, as well as improve the condition, the following foods should be consumed:
- Wheat bread in dried form or croutons. You can eat buns, baked cakes, shortbread cookies.
- From sweets preference is given to honey, jelly, jam, fruit puree, marshmallow, pastille.
- Doctor’s sausage, low-fat ham, pate from the liver, cheesy cheeses.
- Low-fat varieties of poultry, fish or meat that can be cooked, stewed or fried without breading. The use of products in general and in chopped form is allowed.
- Cereals from which porridge is prepared or added to soups. Particular preference should be given to oatmeal, the broth of which envelops the walls of the stomach and acts as a protective shield against hydrochloric acid. Porridges should be wiped or a semi-viscous consistency.
- Vegetable, chicken or meat broth, which stimulate acid formation.
- Boiled eggs or scrambled eggs.
- Olive or sunflower oil.
- Vegetables (cauliflower, carrots, pumpkin, potatoes, zucchini, beets) and greens.
- Milk and dairy products (cottage cheese, yogurt, yogurt, pudding).
- Fruits and berries in the garbled form, as kissels, mousses, compotes.
To the list of products prohibited for chronic gastritis include:
- rye bread, fried cakes, baked pastries and pancakes, as these products are long digested in the stomach;
- sharp, smoked, salted or marinated dishes, as they irritate the mucous membrane;
- coffee, tea and alcohol, since these drinks have a sokonnym effect;
- pickled or pickled vegetables;
- some fresh vegetables (cabbage, peas, cucumbers, onions, turnips, beans, radishes);
- you can not eat spicy or salty cheese;
- citrus fruit;
- fish and meat canned food;
- sweets (chocolate, halva, ice cream, cakes, carbonated drinks);
- Prohibited foods that contain large amounts of fat, such as lard, some varieties of fish or meat, ham, balyk;
- spices and seasonings.
At first, dietary food may seem unusual and tasteless. But this does not mean that therapeutic nutrition is boring and monotonous. From these products you can prepare different dishes. It is enough to combine them with each other, and you can stick to the therapeutic diet for years.
The diet for chronic gastritis is based on the principles of nutrition, so it should be rich in proteins, minerals, vitamins and mineral salts.
And this does not mean that the daily menu will be monotonous and insipid. The assortment of allowed products is quite extensive, and many delicious dishes can be prepared from them.
So, milk porridges should be supplemented with honey and fruits, and vegetable soups should be added with pureed lean meat.
Immediately after awakening, it is not recommended to strain the digestive system. Therefore, for breakfast, you should eat a small portion of cereal, washing with a warm, weak tea with lemon.
Alternatively, you can prepare an omelette in a double boiler, baked lean fish, vinaigrette, rice porridge or vegetable mashed potatoes.
The second breakfast is desirable to make a couple of hours after the first meal. In order not to feel hungry, it is worth a snack with a glass of compote, jelly or kefir, as well as a sandwich of dried bread with a doctor’s sausage or biscuits.
For lunch should account for half of the entire daily diet. Therefore, it should consist of the first, second and third dishes.
At first you can make soup on vegetable or meat broth. The second dish consists of a side dish (this is mashed potatoes, cereals, vermicelli) with a meat chop or boiled fish. In addition, you can eat a vegetable salad. On the third drink compote, herbal tea or jelly.
A few hours after lunch, you should have a snack to avoid starvation. It can be tea with biscuits, any allowed fruit, jelly or mousse.
The last meal should not be dense. Therefore, it is allowed to eat an omelette, cottage cheese with milk, a salad of vegetables with boiled chicken breast, cabbage rolls.
Immediately before going to bed it is recommended to drink a glass of milk or kefir.
Diet as a component of therapy
Treatment for gastritis is prescribed only after a comprehensive examination. In the chronic course of the disease, only dietary nutrition does not help to get rid of the symptoms. Medicinal products help to normalize the acidity of the stomach and the functioning of the digestive system.
If necessary, antibiotics can be prescribed. All therapeutic measures are based on the general condition of the patient and his individual characteristics, as well as the variety and severity of the disease.
Only the doctor determines how to eat with chronic gastritis. And regardless of the stage of the disease, food should be varied, including all vitamins and microelements necessary for the body.
If you constantly adhere to dietary recommendations and diet, then for a long time you can forget about the problem. And self-medication in this situation will not only lead to the desired result, but will further aggravate the course of the disease.