Diet for the intestines and stomach: principle, menu, recipes of dishes

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Diet for the intestines and stomach: principle, menu, recipes of dishes

According to statistics, 90% of the population of our country suffers from various diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, which is associated with improper diet, snacks on the go, systematic use of fast food. If you find any disease of the digestive system (stomach, intestines, gallbladder), many immediately decide to start taking medications, which is not always true, because special treatment has been developed for the treatment and prevention of gastrointestinal diseases.

The essence of diet

There are many therapeutic diets developed by the dietician M.I. Pevzner, who are prescribed for various diseases of the stomach and intestines (gastritis, ulcers, diarrhea, constipation). However, they are all based on general principles of proper nutrition, aimed at sparing the organs of the gastrointestinal tract.

Principles of proper nutrition with a diet for the stomach and intestines:

  • Fractional power. Eat often, every 2-3 hours, but in small portions.
  • Food should be thoroughly chewed, because the process of digesting food begins in the mouth.
  • Dishes should be warm. Sharp temperatures (hot or cold dishes) are harmful to the intestines and stomach, can provoke an exacerbation of the disease.
  • Dishes with a diet for the intestines and stomach are recommended to boil, stew, bake, but not fry.
  • To facilitate the work of the gastrointestinal tract should choose low-fat foods (meat, poultry, sour-milk products).
  • Fats in the form of a cream or vegetable oil should be added to ready-made meals, and not during their preparation.
  • The use of salt and sugar is recommended to minimize.
  • From the diet should exclude all foods that irritate the gastric mucosa: acute spices, spices, marinades.
  • Exclusion from the diet of semi-finished products, fast food.
  • Obligatory rejection of bad habits during the diet for the intestines and stomach (smoking, drinking alcohol) is mandatory.

Diet for the sick stomach and intestines has individual characteristics, depending on the specific disease. Diet for recovery and cleansing of the intestine includes in the diet a large amount of fiber, which stimulates peristalsis. Every day you should eat fresh vegetables and fruits that have not undergone heat treatment, as well as freshly squeezed vegetable and fruit juices, low-fat dairy products. It is recommended to use weakening the intestines of the herb in the preparation of teas.

Diet for the intestines with constipation Table 3 is aimed at the normalization of the stool, as well as to rid the body of toxins and wastes formed during the metabolism. The amount of food consumed per day should not exceed 3 kg, and the volume of liquid is recommended to be increased (to drink at least 2 liters of still water per day). The diet should be dominated by vegetable fiber (vegetables, fruits, cereals), protein (lean meat, fish), fats that help reduce intestinal walls (vegetable oils). In order not to provoke pain and unpleasant sensations in the abdomen, one should eat food in a soft form.

List of allowed and prohibited products

Diet for the intestines and stomach: principle, menu, recipes of dishes

Gentle diet for intestines and stomach – allowed products:

  • Lean meat;
  • Lean bird;
  • Low-fat fish;
  • Low-fat dairy and sour-milk products;
  • Cereals (rice, oats, buckwheat, semolina);
  • Vegetables (potatoes, carrots, beets, pumpkin);
  • Sweet fruits and berries;
  • Nuts;
  • Uncomfortable pastries;
  • Wheat bread (yesterday or in the form of biscuits);
  • Vegetable oil;
  • Dry herbs as seasonings (dill, parsley, basil).

From drinks with a diet for the intestines and stomach are allowed: fruit drinks, compotes, kissels, teas (green, herbal, fruit).

Diet for the intestines and stomach – Prohibited foods:

  • Meat of fatty varieties (lamb, pork);
  • Fatty bird (ducklings, goose);
  • Fatty fish (salmon, mackerel, pink salmon);
  • Fatty, rich meat and mushroom broths;
  • Fish and meat canned food;
  • Smoked meat, marinades, pickles;
  • Fried and hard-boiled eggs;
  • Bread and puff pastry;
  • Barley, millet, pearl barley;
  • Confectionery and sweets;
  • Spices, spices;
  • Sauces (ketchup, mayonnaise, adzhika, mustard);
  • Beans;
  • Mushrooms;
  • Sorrel, spinach, radish, radish, horseradish, garlic;
  • Ice cream.

Of drinks with a diet for the intestines and stomach are prohibited: coffee, cocoa, soda, alcohol.

Diet for the intestines and stomach: principle, menu, recipes of dishes

Diet for the intestines and stomach – for a week (breakfast, snack, lunch, afternoon snack, dinner):

  • Rice porridge with milk;
  • Berry fruit drink;
  • Vegetable soup with croutons;
  • A glass of yogurt;
  • Chicken cutlets for a couple. Squash caviar.
  • Omelet steam;
  • Applesauce;
  • Soup with meatballs. 2 a piece of wheat bread;
  • A glass of curdled milk;
  • Eggplant puree. Meatballs steamed.
  • Buckwheat porridge with milk;
  • A handful of nuts;
  • Pumpkin porridge;
  • A glass of fermented baked milk;
  • Mashed potatoes with fish meatballs.
  • Baked scrambled eggs;
  • Strawberry banana smoothies;
  • Beetroot. 2 a piece of wheat bread;
  • A glass of natural yoghurt with dill;
  • Fish souffle.
  • Oatmeal with butter;
  • A glass of yogurt;
  • Vegetable stew. Veal meatballs;
  • Fruit compote;
  • Cottage cheese, seasoned with natural yogurt.
  • Muesli;
  • Berry mousse;
  • Potato soup with crackers;
  • Galette cookies;
  • Buckwheat. 2 cutlets from beef steamed.
  • Semolina;
  • Kissel;
  • Chicken soup with rusks;
  • Baked apples;
  • Rice porrige. Meatballs from turkey.

In breaks between meals with a diet for the intestines and stomach, you can drink teas, decoctions, herbal tinctures.

Recipes

Diet for the intestines and stomach: principle, menu, recipes of dishesBaked Omelette

  1. Beat the egg with a fork.
  2. Add milk and salt to the eggs, mix.
  3. Pour the mixture into the baking dish.
  4. Bake in a preheated 180 oven for 25 minutes.

Baked in the oven, an omelet can be included in the diet menu for the intestines and stomach for breakfast.

Diet for the intestines and stomach: principle, menu, recipes of dishesSoup with meatballs

  • Beef mince 300 gr;
  • Egg 1 pcs;
  • Carrots 1 pcs;
  • Onions 1 pcs;
  • Potatoes 2 pcs;
  • Vegetable oil 2 item;
  • Salt pinch;
  • Greens to taste (dill, parsley).
  1. Potatoes, carrots and onion peel, rinse.
  2. Cut the potatoes into cubes. Chop the onions and grate the carrots on a large grater.
  3. Pour into the pan water, bring to a boil, throw potatoes.
  4. In a pan heated with vegetable oil, pass onions until half-ready. Then add the carrots, stew for 4-5 minutes, stirring constantly. Send the vegetable sauce to the soup.
  5. In the mince, add egg and salt, mix until smooth. Form small balls, one piece into the soup.
  6. Add salt to the soup, simmer for 15 minutes.
  7. Before serving, taste can be decorated with chopped herbs.

Soup with meatballs – a satisfying first course, which is recommended to include in the diet menu for the intestines and stomach.

Diet for the intestines and stomach: principle, menu, recipes of dishesFish meatballs

  1. On the meat grinder, chop the pike fillets to get stuffing.
  2. Pour the parsley greens, chop, add to ground meat.
  3. Separate the egg white and egg yolk. Add the yolk to the ground meat, add salt, mix.
  4. Add the ground bread crumbs to the ground, mix thoroughly.
  5. Form small balls in the form of balls. Put them in a roasting dish, send the oven to 200 degrees oven for 10 minutes.
  6. Pull the mold with the meatballs from the oven, pour the cream, salt, send back to the oven, heated up to 180 degrees for 20 minutes.

Include in your diet with a diet for the intestines and stomach useful and delicious fish meatballs.

Diet for the intestines and stomach: principle, menu, recipes of dishesBaked apples

  1. Apples rinse, gently remove the core, making an incision from the side of the handle.
  2. Sprinkle apples with sugar and cinnamon, put on a baking tray.
  3. Bake for 10 minutes in an oven heated to 180.

Delicious and juicy baked apples diversify the diet menu for the intestines and stomach.

Diet for the intestines and stomach: principle, menu, recipes of dishesGalette Biscuit

  • Starch corn 2 st.l;
  • Vegetable oil 2 item;
  • Sugar 2 item;
  • Egg 1 pcs;
  • Milk 1 item;
  • Baking powder 0,5 tsp;
  • Flour 100 gr;
  • Salt pinch;
  • Vanilla sugar 1 tsp.
  1. Beat the egg with sugar, vanilla sugar, milk, vegetable oil and salt.
  2. Sift flour with baking powder and starch. Gradually add to the egg mixture. Knead the dough, which should be soft and not sticking to the hands.
  3. Thinly roll out the dough, cut out the cookies with molds.
  4. Put the biscuits on a baking sheet covered with parchment paper.
  5. Bake 7-10 minutes in an oven preheated to 180.

Gallet biscuits are a crisp dessert that can be pampered while following a diet for the intestines and stomach.

Diet for diseases of the intestines in children

Diet for the intestines and stomach: principle, menu, recipes of dishes

In diseases of the intestines in children, such as: chronic colitis, dysentery, acute gastoenterkolit, exacerbations of enterocolitis, a medical diet is prescribed 4 table for Pevzner. Diet for bowel disease in children is aimed at reducing inflammatory processes in the body, eliminating fermentation and putrefaction in the intestine.

Therapeutic diet The 4 table is characterized by a lower caloric intake (no more than 2000 Kcal per day) due to a reduction in the intake of carbohydrates and fats. From the diet of children, the diet completely excludes foods that irritate the gastrointestinal tract, both mechanically and chemically, as well as thermally (hot and cold dishes, spicy, hard, fatty foods). The consumption of sugar and salt decreases.

Are shown to the use at a diet warm dishes, boiled, cooked on pair, ground or in the form of mashed potatoes. The food should be fractional, not less than 5 once a day, but in small portions, not more than the palm of your hand. Every day you should drink at least 1,5 liters of purified water without gas.

Diet 4 table for intestinal diseases in children – allowed products:

  • Low-fat meat (veal, beef, rabbit meat);
  • Low-fat bird (chicken, turkey without skin);
  • Low-fat fish (pike perch, perch, hake, pollock);
  • Eggs (no more than 1 pcs per day in the form of an omelette for steaming or soft-boiled);
  • Wheat bread or bread (soaked in soup or broth);
  • Wheat flour (with baking and cooking);
  • An uncomfortable cookie;
  • Thin noodles;
  • Skim cheese;
  • Butter (in small amounts);
  • Vegetables (in boiled or wiped form);
  • Rice, oatmeal, buckwheat, semolina;
  • Berry jelly, fruit (not sour);
  • Fruit puree.

From drinks with medical diet Table 4 children can: black, herbal, green tea, diluted with water in the proportion of 1: 1 juices of sweet berries and fruits, water without gas.

Diet Table 4 for bowel disease in children – Prohibited foods:

  • Fatty meat (lamb, pork);
  • Fatty bird (ducklings, goose);
  • Fatty, rich meat broths;
  • Fried, raw, hard boiled eggs;
  • Fresh bakery;
  • Bread from a flour of a rough grinding (rye, whole-grain);
  • Pasta;
  • Kefir, cheese, cream, sour cream;
  • Pearl barley, barley, millet;
  • Vegetables in raw form;
  • Fruits and berries in raw form;
  • Dried fruits;
  • Jam, honey.

Therapeutic diet for intestinal diseases in children excludes: carbonated drinks, kvass, cocoa, fresh fruit juices.

Approximate diet menu for diseases of the intestines in children at 2 day (breakfast, snack, lunch, afternoon snack, dinner):

  • Oatmeal;
  • Berry jelly;
  • Vegetable soup with bread;
  • Galette cookies;
  • Mashed potatoes. Veal steamed meat steamed.
  • Semolina;
  • Applesauce;
  • Soup with meatballs. 1 a piece of wheat bread;
  • Cracker;
  • Vegetable stew. Steam cutlets from perch.

As the diet Table 4 for intestinal diseases in children is curative, the duration of its compliance is stipulated by the doctor.

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