Every year, the number of people who have liver disease is increased. Violations in the work of this important body can be caused by various factors: malnutrition, infections, poor heredity, the passage of drug treatment from other diseases, etc. For such a category of patients it is very important to follow a special diet that will promote a speedy recovery.
What can you eat with liver disease?
Currently, modern medicine has significantly expanded the list of products that can be consumed daily for people who have various liver diseases. Despite this, it is important for such patients not to overburden this organ in order to avoid possible complications. The amount of fat during the course of treatment of patients should be severely limited.
Diet in case of liver disease must include the following elements:
In liver diseases, patients are allowed different products:
Cereals in the form of cereals (not strongly boiled);
Pasta should be consumed in limited quantities;
Dairy and sour-milk products (low-fat cottage cheese, low-fat sour cream, fermented milk, milk, kefir, yogurt, etc.);
Low-fat varieties of meat (veal, beef, turkey, chicken, rabbit, etc.);
River and sea fish;
Eggs, in the form of an omelet or in the composition of other dishes (chicken and quail);
Vegetables and greens (should limit the amount of legumes and those vegetables that contain coarse fiber);
Fruit (do not eat pear);
Honey (it is an excellent substitute for sugar, but it should be consumed in limited quantities), etc.
To fill the prepared dishes follows vegetable oils:
When preparing the first courses, patients with liver disease should use either pure water or vegetable broth. In this case, do not forget about milk soups, which are very easy to digest and for a long time keep the patient feeling full.
Despite the fact that during treatment patients should limit the amount of sugar, gastroenterologists allow them some sweets:
Mousses (cooked from berries or fruits);
When passing any course of treatment, it is important for patients to maintain a normal water balance in the body.
When liver diseases should be given preference to the following drinks:
Compotes from berries and dried fruits;
Kiselys brewed from berries;
Natural vegetable and fruit and berry juices;
People with liver disease should prepare the food in the following way:
Cooking on steam;
Bake in the oven;
Eat in a leavened and raw form.
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What can not be eaten with liver disease?
In case of problems with the liver, it is strictly forbidden to eat smoked, sharp, fatty and fried foods that can provoke an exacerbation of the disease.
Gastroenterologists forbid their patients to use the following products during the course of treatment:
Fatty grades of meat (pork, lamb, etc.);
Some varieties of poultry (especially it is not recommended to eat meat of waterfowl – ducks, geese, etc.);
Broths (mushroom and meat);
Cheeses, especially fatty varieties;
Butter, smalets, margarine and culinary fat;
Canned food (fish, meat, etc.);
Smoked products (sausages, sausages, sausages, balyk, loin, etc.);
Seasonings (pepper, vinegar, mustard, etc.);
Some vegetables and herbs (radish, sorrel, radish, green and onion, garlic);
Fresh pastries, as well as rye bread;
Candy and chocolate;
Any confectionery, which includes fat cream;
Alcohol and alcohol-containing drinks;
Coffee and coffee drinks;
Sweet and carbonated drinks;
Sour fruit juices;
Bread (with some diseases it is allowed to use stale, or dried in the oven white bread);
With liver diseases, gastroenterologists recommend that patients who have undergone surgical treatment adhere to a special diet. Depending on the severity of the disease, patients are assigned a table number 5, or No. 6. Due to dietary nutrition on the organs of the gastrointestinal tract will not be an additional effect. Light foods, in turn, will not cause irritation, and make the liver work in an intensified rhythm.
During any surgical intervention, the patient is artificially stopped the work of the intestine. After surgery, a sick day does not eat any food, but only drinks clean water. With great care, it is necessary to run the work of the intestine, eating only light broths and dietary soups.
During the postoperative treatment, patients with liver problems should completely eliminate the use of salt, sugar, spices and spices. The same ban is imposed on fatty, fried, sauerkraut and smoked products. Patients who underwent surgical treatment should not consume natural juices, as they are too concentrated and can irritate the already weakened gastrointestinal tract. The daily volume of food should be divided into 5-6 parts and taken at a strictly prescribed time.
When undergoing rehabilitation, which aims to restore the liver, patients should limit their daily diet to the amount of carbohydrates.
It is advisable to enter into your menu products that contain in large quantities:
For regular and timely production of bile, you must consume enough vegetable fats and digestible proteins. Daily use of fiber will allow the intestines of the patient to function fully and be released from slags in a timely manner.
Many gastroenterologists recommend daily use of fruits and vegetables that have not been thermally treated to restore the functionality of the liver.
To avoid possible complications in the postoperative period, patients should adhere to a sparing diet, which includes the following products:
Bran (they need to be added to different dishes);
Kashi (do not use corn and rice);
Sukhari (white wheat bread can be dried in the oven);
Milk and low-fat cottage cheese (it is better not to consume milk products);
Low-fat varieties of meat and fish (it is better to use chicken or veal);
Abundant drink (pure water, mineral water, herbal decoctions);
All the permitted products must be prepared as follows: boil, cook, steamed, baked or eaten raw. During the passage of postoperative rehabilitation, patients should consume vegetable fats, spices and sugar in limited quantities.
The author of the article: Diet Doctor, Kuzmina Vera Valerievna, specially for the site
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