Proper nutrition with hormonal disorders, especially in women, is the key to physical activity and well-being. In order not to provoke the disease, the thyroid products containing the necessary amount of iodine, proteins, mineral salts, microelements and vitamins, especially ascorbic acid and B vitamins, should be included in the diet.
A healthy thyroid gland normally produces iodothyronines T3 and T4, involved in the process of metabolism and cell growth. Calcitonin, responsible for the exchange of calcium in the body, is also produced in the thyroid gland. The balance of these hormones is responsible for the work of the myocardium, reproductive and central nervous system, maintains weight and improves skin condition.
Both excessive and inadequate activity of the endocrine gland is the cause of all possible pathologies. Some of them can provoke obesity or dystrophy.
In medical practice, the most common disorders of the thyroid gland:
- Thyrotoxicosis (hyperthyroidism). As the name implies, it is an excess of hormones in the blood.
- Hypothyroidism. This disease is characterized by a lack of hormones.
- Thyroiditis autoimmune is a chronic inflammation of the thyroid gland.
- Endemic goiter (an increase in the endocrine organ).
- Nodal neoplasms of various etymologies.
Such diseases of the thyroid gland are most often found in the weaker sex, causing frequent changes of mood, fluctuations in weight and the termination of menstruation. To eliminate symptoms requires constant observation of the doctor and specific treatment.
Diet in pathologies of the thyroid gland
Rational nutrition with thyroid disease in women is one of the most important factors in restoring hormonal metabolism and improving well-being.
The main task of dietotherapy is the correction of the level of hormones in the blood and the normalization of the hormonal background.
For example, a set of permitted and forbidden products with hypothyroidism will differ significantly from the diet of patients with hyperthyroidism. Thyroid dysfunction involves a low calorie diet with a limited intake of fats and an increase in the amount of protein and B vitamins.
With hyperthyroidism, the diet is based on increasing the calorie content of the diet and increasing the proportion of calcium.
In case of violations in the thyroid gland, it is recommended to use clean water and, if possible, to minimize the intake of medications. In addition, it is necessary to increase the content of iodine in the body.
Diet in the disease of the thyroid gland requires the use of only approved foods and complete rejection of harmful foods. In the diet it will be appropriate to include poultry meat, rabbit meat or veal and limit the amount of orange vegetables and fruits, butter and liver.
List of useful products for the thyroid gland:
- seafood – sea kale, red caviar, sea fish and other seafood;
- various nuts, especially walnuts (except peanuts);
- persimmon, feijoa;
- freshly squeezed juices;
- natural vegetable oils;
- various porridges:
- milk and lactic acid products;
- dried fruits;
- whole wheat bread.
With the independent formulation of the diet should be feared not only the lack of iodine, but also its excess. Therefore, a ready-made diet should be shown to the endocrinologist for approval and refinement of the menu.
At nodes of the thyroid gland it is recommended to completely exclude from food dainties, sweet fizzy waters, canned food, salted, fatty and spicy dishes, oriental spices and alcohol.
To harmful for shchitovidki products carry:
- white sugar, muffins and various sweets (sweets, cookies, cakes, marshmallows);
- sausages, sausages, fatty meat;
- coffee, chocolate, strong tea, cocoa;
- peeled rice and white flour;
- fast food stores;
- nutritional supplements;
- animal fats;
- homemade preparations (pickled, pickled and salted vegetables).
If there are abnormalities in the thyroid gland, do not overeat or saturate after a long break. Is recommended often and in small portions.
Therapeutic diet for diseases of the thyroid gland
Different directions of thyroid pathologies require different approaches and, accordingly, a separate menu. Each form of the disease has its own specific symptoms and clinical picture.
Features of nutrition in hypothyroidism
The decrease in the level of hormones and, as a consequence, the slowing of metabolism is easily adjusted by the diet. The main goal of dietary nutrition in hypothyroidism is to saturate the body with vitamins and reduce body weight.
The menu should be based on products with a high content of iodine, proteins and vitamins.
Diet with thyroid gland for weight loss completely excludes from the diet fatty foods and foods high in simple carbohydrates:
- white bread, peeled rice;
- sausage and fatty meat;
- tea, coffee, cocoa, chocolate, alcohol.
Many women who are obese, from this diet quickly lose weight. Restoration of the hormonal background stops the development of tumors, cysts and nodular neoplasms.
Features of nutrition in hyperthyroidism
For hyperthyroidism, increased production of hormones is characteristic, as a result of which the metabolism is accelerated, proteins and fats are instantly split. This process leads to rapid weight loss and the development of dystrophic changes. Therefore, patients with hyperthyroidism need another diet for the thyroid: high-calorie, with a high content of fats and minerals.
Since hyperfunction occurs with pronounced signs of accelerated metabolism, the patient will have to give up foods with a high iodine content.
The menu should include sweet and fatty foods that are useful for reducing metabolism. But do not get involved. The nutritional value of the diet should not exceed 4000 calories. To eat should be more often and in any case not overeat.
Diet with endemic goiter, benign nodes
Most often, the colloidal node and goiter develop against a background of iodine deficiency. Therefore, the diet should include a large amount of rich in iodine and vitamin B food.
Products useful in goiter:
- sea fish, red caviar, sea kale ,;
- decoction of oats;
- herbal teas of rowan fruit, chamomile flowers of pharmacy.
Preference should be given to boiled and stewed foods, to limit consumption of salt and spicy foods.
Diet with an increase in the thyroid gland must be carefully balanced for fats, proteins and carbohydrates. Daily caloric content should not exceed 1800-2000 calories.
Diet with inflammation and tumors of the thyroid gland
A diet with a thyroid gland with increased activity of hormones should not contain foods saturated with iodine.
In general, the diet does not provide for any strict restrictions, but it has some nuances:
- there should be every 3 hours;
- You can not starve and reduce the daily caloric content of the food package;
- the amount of liquid should not exceed 1,5 liters per day.
If you do not follow these recommendations, the disease will progress and can lead to serious consequences, up to a malignant tumor.
In conclusion, it should be noted that the thyroid gland “loves” a calm, measured way of life. She needs marine, iodine-rich air, sun and healthy foods that contribute to the restoration of the hormonal background.