Diet with ulcerative colitis is necessary in order to maintain the recovery process of the mucous membrane in the large intestine, so its recommendations will help to get rid of the disease faster.
Basic nutrition recommendations for ulcerative colitis
Diet with nonspecific ulcerative colitis organizes proper nutrition, taking into account that almost every patient has a food allergy, which manifests itself as an increased sensitivity to protein, which is contained in milk. For this reason, a diet with ulcerative colitis suggests removing all dairy products from the diet, with the exception of melted butter.
To prepare dishes, diet with ulcerative colitis recommends on water or on weak meat or fish broth. During a nonspecific ulcerative colitis, the patient should be fed 4-6 once a day. If it is an acute stage of ulcerative colitis, then it is necessary to increase the protein content in the diet, with 65-70% protein needed to be obtained from animal food.
It is very important to include in the diet products that can reduce intestinal motility. The astringents and tannins, which are found in jelly and decoctions of blueberry, dogwood, bird cherry, pear and quince, will be of great use. In the diet of the patient should be present black and green teas strong brewing, as well as cocoa on the water, soup of mucous consistency and cereal, but not buckwheat porridge, as it helps to strengthen intestinal peristalsis. Dishes should be served to the patient in a warm form.
Optimal chemical composition of the diet
Diet for ulcerative colitis suggests the distribution of food elements as follows:
- 200-250 grams of carbohydrates
- 120-125 grams of proteins
- 55-60 gram of fat
It is necessary to seriously limit the consumption of foods that contain fiber. The first dishes are allowed to cook both on water, and on fish or meat broth diluted with boiled water. It is allowed to add rice, boiled meat, potatoes and meatballs to soups. During the onset of persistent remission in the diet, you can include a few vegetables, such as broccoli, onions, cauliflower, carrots or zucchini. In this diet should not meet citrus fruits, strawberries, tomatoes, grapes, watermelons and melons. If the patient tolerates garnets, blackberries, blueberries, cranberries and baked pears and apples well, they can be included in the diet. It will be very useful to drink the juice of ashberry ashberry.
In the diet, you can include boiled fish, poultry and meat, preferably in the form of casseroles or soufflé. Garnishes are allowed to eat cereals from wheat and rice, as well as boiled pasta and potatoes. As for eggs, they can be present in the diet of the patient in an amount of 2-3 pieces per week in the form of a couple omelet or boiled soft-boiled. Diet with nonspecific colitis allows you to eat dry biscuits and white bread of yesterday’s baking, but at the same time fresh bread, pies and sweets under strict prohibition.
Approximate diet menu for ulcerative colitis
Diet for ulcerative colitis suggests eating according to the following menu:
- Breakfast: rice porridge with the addition of melted butter, steamed chicken and tea
- Second breakfast: 40 grams of boiled meat and blueberry jelly
- Lunch: potato soup with meatballs, rice casserole with minced meat and compote, made from dried fruits
- Afternoon snack: weak tea with biscuits
- Dinner: potato mashed potatoes with a steaming fish fryer and a cup of tea
- At night: baked apple
- During the day: 200 gram of bread from yesterday’s pastry bread
Diet with nonspecific ulcerative colitis spares the mucous membrane of the gastrointestinal tract as much as possible, but it is best to amend the diet best with the permission of the attending physician.