Everyone knows that food is not always useful. Some foods can contribute to even worsen the overall well-being of the patient. That is why nutrition plays an important role in the treatment of various diseases. And with cholecystitis, maintaining a special diet is especially important, since this disease affects the digestive tract, which during digestion of food is very heavy.
How does nutrition affect the operation of the gallbladder?
The diet with cholecystitis is very important. After all, digestion of food is a complex process, which consists of several stages. At the first stage, food from the oral cavity enters the stomach, where it is processed by gastric juice. At the second stage, it penetrates into the 12-colon, where it is exposed to pancreatic juice and bile, after which it is completely cleaved.
When the gallbladder is inflamed, it can not fully perform its function, which is what causes digestion problems. In view of this, dieticians have developed a special diet that can prevent the development of exacerbations.
The diet for cholecystitis is primarily aimed at ensuring the functional dormancy of the biliary system. If this disease occurs, the diet is generally excluded within a few days of the onset of symptoms. But it is extremely important to drink plenty of fluids. Different juices are allowed from berries and fruits, black tea, rose hips and ordinary mineral water, but only without gases.
As soon as the patient's well-being improves, various foods begin to gradually enter into his diet. Below is described an approximate diet for cholecystitis in several variants – for chronic and acute course of the disease.
In acute cholecystitis
With acute cholecystitis inflammatory processes in the gall bladder are very active, which affects the entire digestive tract. It is for this reason that the food in this period should be very gentle.
The bile-excreting system requires rest, and therefore the first days (until the disappearance of symptoms) need to drink only various fluids, including broth of wild rose, weak black tea, mineral water and various types of fruit juices.
When the pain is weakened, the patient is allowed to eat. In this case, the food should be warm (not hot and not cold!), Rubbed through a sieve and in a small amount. Oatmeal porridge, crackers, rice soup, boiled lean fish, cottage cheese are allowed.
With the improvement of the patient's condition, this list is gradually expanding. In doing so, he carefully discusses with the doctor. It is not recommended to eat these or other products independently, as this can lead to an exacerbation of the disease.
Diet in chronic cholecystitis
The development of chronic cholecystitis is a consequence of neglect of the doctor's recommendations during the treatment of cholecystitis in the acute stage. Chronic cholecystitis is characterized by pain that occurs in the abdomen after eating or after it through 1-2 hours. They are aching, sometimes cramped.
Quite often, patients associate the occurrence of pain with small errors in nutrition (the consumption of fatty and too salty foods, alcohol, etc.), without even suspecting that the chronic process is already developing. Therefore, in this case we are dealing immediately with cholecystitis in the stage of remission and exacerbation.
During the exacerbation of the disease, the diet for chronic cholecystitis does not differ from the diet in acute cholecystitis. Also the first few days you need to drink only fluids, and as you improve your well-being, you can already enter into the diet "light" food.
As soon as the patient's condition is normal, he is assigned a medical table №5. By the way, it should also be followed in the stage of persistent remission in order to prevent the development of exacerbations.
Table №5: features
Diet table with cholecystitis suggests a frequent food (at least 5 once a day) in small portions. The main condition – you need to eat at the same time. This will allow normalizing the outflow of bile to the incoming food.
Remember! Using a large amount of food at one time, you provoke the production of a large amount of bile, which leads to spasm of the ducts of the gallbladder and the occurrence of severe pain.
In addition, the diet of the patient should be mainly fats of vegetable origin. They contain polyunsaturated fatty acids, which have a beneficial effect on cholesterol metabolism and have a choleretic effect.
Animal fats are not recommended for one simple reason – because they are refractory and have a strong strain on the digestive tract. Only butter is allowed.
If in the study of a patient stagnant phenomena are detected, doctors recommend increasing the amount of vegetable fats consumed. But if a patient has cholelithiasis, on the contrary, it is necessary to reduce the amount of vegetable fats in the diet at times. They should be only 1 \ 3 part of all fats consumed per day. The remaining 2 / 3 are fats of animal origin.
From the diet of the patient you need to completely exclude fatty meat and fish varieties, onions and green onions, turnips, garlic, radish, various canned foods, buttery dough and whole milk. These foods can cause severe pain in the abdomen and lead to an exacerbation of the disease. Therefore, they must be completely excluded from the diet.
The main part of the diet should be vegetables and fruits. They contain enzymes that provoke the production of gastric secretions, which leads to better digestion and elimination of constipation.
Especially useful for cholecystitis is the use of zucchini, tomatoes, watermelon and carrots. If the patient has severe diarrhea, then he is recommended pomegranate, blueberry juice and juice from quince.
Remember that sick cholecystitis can not eat hot or too cold food. The food should be warm. At the same time, it should be cooked for a couple, or baked in an oven without adding oil. All oils, including vegetable, are added to ready meals, since during heating they begin to excrete substances that, with cholecystitis, are dangerous.
As for eggs, which we are so used to eating for breakfast. They are allowed to be used for cholecystitis, but only if there are no stones in the gallbladder. In this case, they will even be useful, since the eggs have a cholagogic effect and increase the motility of the gallbladder.
However, if stones are still present in the gall bladder, it is strictly forbidden to eat eggs, as this can lead to a deterioration in well-being.
Diet with cholecystitis menu has a variety. And its main goal is to normalize the natural processes occurring in the body (excretion of cholesterol, bile secretion, etc.).
Prohibited foods with cholecystitis
Diet with exacerbation of cholecystitis and at the stage of remission excludes the use of such products as:
- fried cakes;
- fresh bread;
- broths, cooked on the basis of mushrooms, fish and meat, as they contribute to increased bile secretion;
- fatty meat and fish;
- various canned food;
- smoked products;
- pickles and marinades;
- fatty dairy and sour-milk products (kefir, fat content over 1,5%, cream, whole milk, sour cream, cheese, etc.);
- egg yolks;
- leguminous crops, since they enhance gas formation, which in itself has a negative effect on digestion;
- green and onion;
- pepper hammers (black and red);
The list of forbidden products is quite large. But if you do not want your state of health to worsen, you will have to abandon them forever.
The resolved products at a cholecystitis
To prevent an exacerbation of the disease, you need to eat right. At the same time, the patient's diet should be properly formulated and contain only those foods that do not exert a large load on the digestive tract. And such are:
- yesterday's bread, made from rye and wheat flour;
- baked cakes, but only those that are made from a mild dough;
- freshly squeezed juices, but without added sugar;
- broth of dogrose;
- loose black tea;
- milk soups (do not use fat whole milk when cooking them);
Soups, cooked on vegetable basis;
If there are no stones in the gallbladder, eggs are allowed. They can be boiled or cooked from them omelette for a couple.
That's how a person who suffers from cholecystitis should eat. Unfortunately, you can not get rid of this disease simply by following a diet. However, to support your well-being and even improve it, completely.
Therefore, do not ignore the above tips about nutrition and the recommendations that the doctor gives you. Only by following them, you can forget about the manifestations of cholecystitis for a long time.
Video about cholecystitis and its treatment
Reviews of the diet for cholecystitis
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