A complex diet of many diseases includes a certain diet. It is introduced in order for the body to spend less effort on digesting food, and more – to fight the disease. In addition, some products are simply contraindicated in those or other diseases.
They can cause exacerbation or reduce the effect of treatment to zero. Diet in colitis of intestines with constipation helps to repair damaged tissues of the digestive tract, normalize intestinal peristalsis.
Diet in colitis of intestines with constipation
Diet plays a huge role in the treatment of colitis
In any case, a physician prescribes the therapeutic diet. His recommendations should be followed strictly, if there is a desire to quickly recover. The diet of therapeutic nutrition in colitis is intended to accelerate the regenerative processes of tissue regeneration of irritated intestinal walls, to reduce and prevent the further development of fermentation and putrefaction processes, to restore the normal microflora in the intestine and restore its working capacity.
Nutrition in colitis of the intestines should be gentle. Among the features of the curative menu is a decrease in the caloric content of the diet, the exclusion of foods that irritate receptors and intestinal tissues mechanically, thermally or chemically, and promote decay and fermentation processes.
Due to the fact that the caloric content of the therapeutic diet is low, and the saturation of its essential nutrients is reduced, a strict diet should not last more than 4-5 days. Usually it is prescribed for acute attacks of diseases.
Cooked meals should be served warmly. During the exacerbation of symptoms, food should be ground or mashed. Products are boiled, cooked for a couple, stew. In a day you need to drink up to 1,5 a liter of clean drinking water.
The daily ration is divided into 5-6 receptions in approximately equal intervals of time. Meals should preferably be taken at the same time, so that the body “knows” when it needs to prepare for the activation of digestive processes.
Food should be taken slowly, thoroughly chewing. When eating, do not be distracted – read, watch TV, talk. A feature of the diet for colitis with constipation is the need to increase the fiber content in the diet.
But, on the other hand, the irritated intestine is not ready to digest it. Therefore, at first, foods high in fiber (vegetables and fruits) are subjected to heat treatment and ground before use.
Prohibited and permitted products
Cream soups are easily etched
In colitis, categorically prohibited use:
- raw vegetables and fruits;
- fatty meat and fish;
- strong broths;
- baked bread and fresh bread;
- semi-finished products;
- fast food;
- animal fats;
- dairy products with high fat content;
- carbonated water, lemonades, kvass, alcohol;
- smoked, pickled, salted products;
- fried, fatty and spicy dishes;
- tea, coffee, cocoa.
The consumption of sugar and salt should be significantly reduced. Despite strict prohibitions, it is possible to make a rather varied menu of permitted products.
When colitis with constipation is allowed to eat:
- low-fat fish and meat;
- low-fat dairy products;
- dried bread from wheat flour;
- vegetable broths and loose broths;
- boiled and steamed vegetables;
- jelly and jelly from non-acid fruits;
- Pounded porridge of oatmeal, rice, buckwheat groats;
- herbal teas, decoctions of dried fruits;
- lean cookies.
When colitis of the intestines with constipation is recommended the use of mineral water, rich in magnesium, and complex waters.
The daily diet in accordance with these variants of the diet has a higher caloric value and is intended for use by patients with calming chronic colitis and when switching to normal nutrition.
Colitis of the intestine with constipation is a serious disease. In addition to drug treatment, it involves the appointment of a special diet that allows you to reduce the burden on the organs of the gastrointestinal tract, normalize intestinal motility and accelerate the process of recovery of the patient.