Colitis is a disease associated with inflammation of the mucous membrane in the large intestine. Most often this disease affects men 40-60 years and women 20-60 years.
Regardless of the degree of inflammation in the intestine (colitis), you must follow a diet that will greatly alleviate the painful symptoms. In colitis, you need to eat high-calorie foods and protein-rich foods (100-120 grams per day). Limit consumption of sugar and carbohydrates – no more than 20 g and 100 g per day, respectively.
And also should abandon:
- products from wheat, harmful carbohydrates and cereals;
- dishes with artificial sweeteners;
- white sugar;
- coffee drinks;
- fatty dairy products;
- baking and confectionery.
It is important after eight at night not to eat anything, after six you can still drink a glass of low-fat yogurt or kefir. During the day it is necessary to drink water or green tea without sugar, there are vegetables with a low glycemic index.
Nutrition during colitis (light diet)
Modern medicine claims that nutrition has a very strong effect on the course and development of colitis. It is important to know and take into account what you can eat and what not.
So, it is very harmful for colitis insoluble fiber, the source of which is whole grains (pasta, whole grain bread, cereal flakes and others), cabbage, sweet corn, grape and apple peel. Insoluble fiber can bring to the attack of colitis, tk. it does not dissolve completely in the intestine and is attached to its walls. Conversely, soluble fiber is useful for the intestines and is acceptable during colitis. Soluble fiber softens the stool and improves intestinal motility. It can be found in fruits and vegetables, oatmeal and white rice. In colitis, you need to consume greasy marine fish and fish oil. Fish oil is best consumed in a natural form than in capsules. Diet in colitis involves a limited use of dairy products. The large use of these products can cause deterioration of the patient's condition. It is recommended to use no more than 100 g per day of dairy products.
Diet with neostromic chronic colitis
Restoration of the sectoral and motor function of the intestine is the goal of this diet. The diet limits the consumption of spices, fiber (coarse), milk and spicy foods. During such a diet, it is necessary to eat 5-6 once a day in small portions so as not to strain the intestines.
Diet for chronic colitis and constipation
It is necessary to increase the amount of consumed fats from vegetable oils. Every day in the diet must be present carbohydrates and proteins. It is recommended to eat carrots, beets, figs, prunes, apricots, dates. It is necessary to eat 5-6 times in small portions.
Diet for chronic colitis and diarrhea
Reduction of fermentation processes, minimization of chemical and mechanical influences – the purpose of this diet. Limited consumption of carbohydrates and fats, as well as pickles, milk, spices, smoked foods and fiber. Meals should be within 5-6 once a day.
Recommendations for diet in chronic colitis of any form:
- First breakfast: Rice milk porridge, egg white omelet, tea with milk, crackers.
- Lunch: Crackers, tea, cheese (low-fat).
- Lunch: Noodles on broth (chicken), boiled meat, apple compote, carrot puree.
- Snack: broth of dogrose.
- Dinner: Blueberry juice, chicken boiled meat, potato cutlets.
- Before bedtime: kefir, crackers.
Diet for acute colitis
All dishes should be in paren or cooked types, after which they are thoroughly wiped. It is also necessary to wipe all the soups. Groats in soups should be boiled, and vegetables should be very finely chopped. It is allowed to eat baked dishes, but without a peel (necessarily!). Food is used 5-6 once a day in small portions.
The diet for colitis, regardless of its form, should last from four to five weeks, and sometimes, if required, for several months. When the disease passes into the stage of remission, the use of steamed, baked, stewed and boiled dishes is allowed. You can also eat without breading and crust fried foods. You can use soups, sweet drinks and dishes. From the diet should be excluded dishes that can cause exacerbation – these dishes are determined individually for each patient. Foods that were not consumed during a diet or at all should be added to the ration neatly in small portions.
Warning: Before starting a diet, consult your doctor! The diet should be selected individually depending on the patient's condition!