Diet in colitis of intestines
Colitis of the intestine is a formidable condition requiring timely diagnosis and proper treatment. In no small degree, the treatment of colitis is the selection of a correct and balanced diet, without which getting rid of such an unpleasant and dangerous pathology is impossible
What can I eat when colitis is intestinal?
In colitis in the acute phase, it is allowed to use astringent "fixing" drinks: black tea, natural cocoa, coffee. It is recommended to drink jelly, berry broths. Bilberry, black currant has a particularly pronounced astringent effect. In addition to broths you can use berries in fresh form. Consumption of natural fruit juice should be limited. Concentrated juices should not be drunk, as most have high acidity and can lead to even more irritation of an already inflamed bowel.
Vegetables are fresh and boiled. Consumption of vegetables is allowed in the form of mashed potatoes. Cooked vegetables should be cooked (also in the form of mashed potatoes). The consumption of vegetables that cause increased production of intestinal gases is excluded. Cauliflower has a calming effect. It must be included in the diet of dietary nutrition.
Fruit . It is allowed to use apples, peaches, pears (in particular), but also in the form of purees.
Soups, cereals. Soups and cereals for the purposes of dietary nutrition must be prepared on water or low-fat broth. High fat content of the dish helps increase the load on the digestive system (liver, small intestine, etc.). According to the consistency of soups and cereals should be uniform, wiped (as for baby food).
Dairy products . From sour-milk products during the acute phase of colitis is better to refuse, but in small quantities low-fat cottage cheese, low-fat milk, low-fat cheeses are allowed.
Meat fish. Meat and fish should be prepared with minced meat, then cutlet steamed with the addition of pearl barley or whole grains of rice.
By-products. It is allowed to cook your own pate.
Bakery products. Fresh bread is excluded. Only yesterday's bread should be consumed from durum wheat, biscuits (soaked in tea).
Confectionery. Sweets in small quantities, sugar to two teaspoons a day.
What you can not eat when colitis is intestinal?
It is forbidden to use the following products:
Bread fresh, baking. Fresh bread and rich bakery products contribute to increased production of intestinal gases, and also accelerate intestinal motility. In conditions of destruction of the wall of the colon – this will aggravate the already difficult condition of the patient.
Broths from meat, fish (strong). Animal fats in large quantities are difficult to process and significantly burden the liver and the entire gastrointestinal tract.
Macaroni, as well as legumes and peas. Increase the production of intestinal gases, "loading" the intestine.
Fried meat, fish, fatty meat products (lard, bacon, ham).
Pickles, smoked dishes, marinated dishes. Irritate the mucous membrane of the small and large intestine, provoke diarrhea.
Canned food, pickles.
Raw fruits, raw vegetables. Promote better intestinal peristalsis due to the rich fiber content. In particular, you should exclude pumpkin, beetroot, radish, turnip, watermelon, melon.
Fatty sour-milk products: sour cream, whole milk, etc.
Strong coffee and cocoa in fatty milk.
Fast food (fast food).
Spicy foods, condiments.
Eggs (1 eggs can be eaten hard a day hard).
Dishes containing animals and trans fats. Allowed to use up to 50 grams of butter a day.
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Menu for the week with colitis of bowel
Food intake №1: salad from cauliflower with walnuts, wiped, buckwheat with a small amount of natural butter, berry broth.
Food intake №2: the wiped fruit.
Food intake №3: vegetable broth, mashed boiled beef with carrots, broth from fruit.
Food intake №4: the wiped fruit.
Eating food №5: a piece of boiled fish (crushed).
Food intake №1: boiled prefabricated vegetables (carrots, tomatoes, etc.), casserole from cottage cheese, berry broth.
Food intake №2: baked fruit with sugar powder (pear or apple).
Meal reception №3: soup from pearl barley, cabbage cabbage stuffed with boiled rice.
Food intake №4: salad of fresh carrots with lemon juice.
Meal intake №5: a piece of boiled fish (chopped), decoction of rose hips.
Meal intake №1: cucumber salad with chopped beef, fried eggs from one egg, decoction of dried fruits.
Food intake №2: salad from prefabricated vegetables.
Food intake №3: cabbage soup (cabbage soup), boiled beef with tomatoes, decoction of rose hips.
Food intake №4: dried fruits soaked (except prunes, as it has a pronounced laxative effect).
Meal 5: steamed chicken, stewed vegetables, strong tea.
Food intake №1: salad of cucumbers, tomatoes without oil with chopped onion, rice porridge on the water.
Food intake №2: grated fruit (apple, pear).
Food intake №3: vegetable broth, chopped steaks, puree from cauliflower.
Food intake №4: low-fat cottage cheese.
Food intake №5: fruit (apple).
Meal intake №1: steamed cutlets from fish, salad from vegetables, a glass of berry broth.
Meal 2: a glass of tea and a dry biscuit.
Meal # 3: vegetable soup on chicken broth, chopped boiled beef.
Food intake №4: dried fruits (soaked).
Food intake №5: cottage cheese casserole with raisins.
Food intake №1: oatmeal on water, steam cutlets from fish, a glass of broth of wild rose.
Food intake №2: an apple or a pear.
Meal 3: boiled beef with vegetables, curd casserole and a glass of tea or coffee.
Food intake №4: apple salad with lemon juice.
Food intake №5: chicken cutlets for a couple with low-fat cottage cheese.
Meal Nr. 1: chopped lean fish with lemon juice, mashed potatoes, a glass of tea.
Food intake №2: apple salad.
Meal intake №3: cabbage soup on a weak broth, curd casserole, berry broth.
Food intake №4: boiled vegetables.
Meal reception №5: meatballs from beef, stewed cabbage, a glass of tea.
Thus, it is necessary to strictly monitor the diet to achieve a high therapeutic effect. Food should be divided, with a minimum of fiber. It is also important to exclude rough products, salty, smoked, spicy dishes. All dishes should be served in a crushed and grated form. This is the only way to quickly forget about colitis.
The author of the article: Gorshenina Elena Ivanovna, a gastroenterologist, specially for the site
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