The relationship between nutrition and human health has been proven for a long time. Sometimes diet therapy and proper nutrition can not only alleviate the condition of a person with diseases, but also cure it. A special diet for cardiovascular diseases is designed to purify blood vessels, increase blood circulation to the periphery, remove from the diet those substances that adversely affect the functioning of the heart and the entire body.
From food, the body receives energy, building material for cells, vitamins and trace elements, water and fiber. But sometimes substances that are useful in small amounts, in large quantities – become dangerous to human health.
There is a special section in medicine – dietology. For many years the system of therapeutic nutrition for all groups of patients was developed. The main graduation is established according to 15 treatment tables, for which there are certain rules, products, methods of preparation, quantity, etc.
Death from cardiovascular diseases takes a sad 1 place in the world. People die most often all at once, from arterial hypertension, atherosclerosis, ischemic heart disease, myocardial infarction, stroke, aortic rupture and thrombosis.
Correctly chosen the same diet can significantly improve the quality of life of the patient, relieve the diseases in the very early stages, prolong life.
Diet in cardiovascular diseases, general rules.
In diseases of the cardiovascular system, a diet is indicated.
Nutrition of a person with diseases should be fractional, small portions, 5-6 once a day. Abundant food causes displacement of the diaphragm and presses the heart and blood vessels, creating an overload.
The diet should be almost salt-free, the salt retains fluid in the tissues of the body, creating edemas. When the fluid is held back, the pressure may increase significantly.
When dieting is very important, it is important to maintain physical exercise, perform gymnastic exercises, morning exercises, long walks in the fresh air.
In order to avoid accidentally overdoing the dishes, you need to prepare meals without salt, and add some salt in the dish. Salads can be eaten without salt at all, seasoning with lemon juice only.
The diet should contain dishes from potatoes, baked or cooked in the skin – it contains a large amount of potassium needed to feed the heart muscle. Potassium is also found in apricots and apricots, pumpkin, cabbage, mushrooms, prunes, rose hips.
It is recommended to drink 1-2 a glass of freshly squeezed juice from fruits and vegetables every day with different combinations.
Magnesium, also necessary to the heart and blood vessels, is found in large quantities in bran, rye bread, porridges – barley, oatmeal, buckwheat, millet, carrot, beetroot, green salad, parsley, black currant, nuts.
It is necessary to exclude almost entirely from food strong coffee and tea, replacing these drinks with compotes, juices, rose hips, mountain ash.
Avoid drinking too much. The total volume of liquid per day, including the liquid contained in soups, fruits and vegetables, should not exceed 1-1,2 liters per day.
In a diet for patients with cardiovascular diseases, animal fats should be replaced with vegetable oil, reducing the total amount of oil. Food is best cooked steamed or baked in the oven.
It is necessary to avoid the use of strong meat and fish broths. Preferably vegetable or mushroom broth.
Meat is better not fried, but boiled. Preferably veal, rabbit, chicken breast without skin, turkey meat.
It is necessary to achieve a gradual decrease in body weight, because obesity will only exacerbate the course of the disease.
Sugar and sweets are best replaced with a few spoons of honey per day, dried fruits and nuts.
You can arrange 1-2 unloading days a week. These days you can eat low-fat cottage cheese, kefir, fruit and fresh juices.
In the diet, you need to limit the dishes from legumes – they increase gas formation, compressing blood vessels and diaphragm.
Diet in cardiovascular diseases should become a way of life for the patient and be performed rigorously to improve the condition of the body and prolong life.