Any fracture is a serious test of the restorative abilities of the body. To heal the injury, the body needs regular replenishment of mineral salts, proteins, carbohydrates, vitamins, calcium.
All this can be obtained only in the composition of food. Proper nutrition in fractures of the hand is the basis for rapid recovery.
Protein is one of the most important substances involved in the formation and restoration of bone tissue.
It gives the bone elasticity, making it resistant to stresses. The dry mass of the human skeleton on 1 / 3 is represented by a variety of collagen (ossein) and non-collagenic organics.
The greatest number of animal proteins found in fish, meat, dairy products, eggs. A valuable source of protein and calcium, necessary for bone regeneration, is cottage cheese. Vegetable substrates are present in any nuts, seeds, dried apricots, prunes, pumpkin, bananas.
The norm of consumption is 1,5g of pure protein per 1 kg of body weight. In fractures, the amount in the diet can be increased to 2 g for 1 kg of weight. Contraindications to the protein diet are kidney diseases (glomerulonephritis, chronic renal failure). In this case, the patient’s diet should be coordinated with a neurologist.
Amino acids are the structural elements of proteins – their “bricks”. Meat or cottage cheese, entering the body, is split up into amino acids, and already from them the protein, characteristic of various tissues, including bone, is formed.
In addition to amino acids that come with food, artificial amino acids (food additives) can be used for fractures,
To accelerate the regenerative processes, it is better to use complex drugs that include several varieties of amino acids.
A large number of natural antioxidants are found in fruits and berries that have a pronounced black or red color:
Of particular value as antioxidants is not the flesh, but the peel and bones of the fruit.
Regular use of natural antioxidants reduces the activity of destructive processes, accelerates healing, facilitates the rapid return of the former physical form.
Diet in fractures of the bones of the hands must necessarily include minerals, they are about 50% of the total bone mass. This makes their consumption mandatory in the treatment of fractures. The main element that gives the skeleton a hardness is calcium. For a day from the human body is deduced 800 mg calcium phosphate. The same amount should be obtained with food.
Assimilation of calcium becomes possible only in the presence of vitamin D3. The latter is formed in the skin under the influence of sunlight, but this amount is not enough. The substance must also come from food. Below is a list of foods rich in calcium and vitamin D:
The greatest amount of vitamin D is found in fish oil. The product can be consumed in pure form or in capsules. The last option is preferable because of the unpleasant taste of the fish oil itself.
In addition to calcium, human bones contain many other minerals: phosphorus, magnesium, potassium, sodium, etc. Virtually all of them can be obtained from plant foods. Also, the patient is recommended to drink therapeutic and table mineral waters with a high salt content.
What is contraindicated in fractures of hands
When you know how to eat with a fracture of the hand, it is important and not to use harmful products for recovery. Do not abuse high-calorie and fatty foods. Recovery after injury requires physical activity restriction. Excess calories with a sedentary lifestyle lead to obesity. In turn, fatty food can slow the absorption of minerals in the intestine.
For the period of treatment from the diet, it is recommended to exclude alcohol, coffee, strong tea, chocolate, carbonated drinks. All this increases the excretion of calcium in the urine. The damaged bone ceases to receive the required amount of minerals, which increases the recovery time.
Features of the diet in old age
Nutrition in the case of a fracture of the hand in the elderly is not generally different from the general dietary rules, however, it is necessary to take into account some features of such patients. With age, the vessels become fragile and brittle, so late lesions may occur at the site of the injury. Limitation of mobility leads to thrombosis.
It is recommended to use vegetable fats, 2 times a week to arrange unloading days. In addition, the interaction of food with medicinal products, which elderly people take in a planned manner (consult a doctor) should be taken into account.
Nutrition of the child with a fracture of the hand also requires some correction of the diet. Changes should be made taking into account the processes of active growth and increased need for nutrients.
The child’s body in case of trauma is forced not only to support growth, but also to spend resources on healing the fracture.
If bone structures are damaged, children are advised to drink plenty of water, since its content in the baby’s body should normally reach 75%.
The amount of “good” fats in the diet should not be reduced. They must cover at least 30% of energy needs.
Children with bone fractures should receive high-grade protein nutrition. The proportion of animal protein is 60% -70% of the daily norm. Otherwise, the food after the fracture of the hand in children does not differ from the diet for adult patients.