An increase in the level of cholesterol in the blood is considered the main factor that negatively affects the state of the blood vessels and provokes the development of cardiovascular diseases, including atherosclerosis, stroke, myocardial infarction, thrombophlebitis.
Increased blood levels of low-density lipoproteins, the so-called “bad cholesterol,” and triglycerides with a decrease in high-density lipoproteins – “good cholesterol,” leads to serious consequences.
The female organism is arranged in such a way that in the reproductive period, the control over the level of cholesterol is carried out by estrogens – steroid sex hormones, which are produced by the follicular apparatus of the ovaries. These same substances maintain at the proper level of high-density lipoproteins, preventing the development of pathologies of the heart and blood vessels.
It turns out that when entering the menopause period, the amount of hormones synthesized by the ovaries gradually decreases, which weakens control over the level of low-density lipoproteins. This is why, after 50 years, the concentration of cholesterol in the blood of women not only increases rapidly, but also overtakes the initially high levels of low density lipoprotein in the male body that accumulates cholesterol in the vessels from an early age.
That is why to control the state of the body and the level of cholesterol in the blood requires a radical change in lifestyle and a significant adjustment of nutrition.
Completely clean the vessels of cholesterol plaques can only be surgical methods, but to prevent the increase in cholesterol and prevent the formation of new clusters, slowing the progression of atherosclerosis, the strength of each woman after 50 years.
To do this, it is necessary to increase physical activity (dynamic load), for example, after doing sports walking, stop smoking, adhere to the principles of healthy nutrition and carry out regular monitoring of blood pressure.
Despite the availability of synthetic drugs against cholesterol (for example, statins), a diet with high cholesterol in the blood is a medical necessity.
A balanced and well-designed diet, without which it is practically impossible to keep the level of low-density lipoproteins under control, will help maintain the vascular status at the proper level and minimize the risk of dangerous complications and the rapid development of atherosclerosis.
If you have increased cholesterol, then the diet after 50 years is aimed at reducing it and keeping it within normal limits. Refuse should be not only from fatty foods, but also from foods high in table salt (sodium chloride).
To fight cholesterol about such a kitchen item as a frying pan, it is better to forget. The greatest amount of dangerous fats and carcinogens we get with fried food. All dishes are recommended to cook for a couple, boil, stew, sometimes bake.
Power should be organized 5-6 single, fractional, in small portions, the total weight of which does not exceed 300 gr. The total caloric content of the diet should not be higher than 1800-2000 kcal. In the presence of obesity, the energy value of the daily menu can be reduced to 1200-1500 kcal, but only after agreement with the doctor watching you.
It is inadmissible to use any canned food with increased cholesterol, including canned meat and fish, pickled, salted and pickled vegetables (except white cabbage) and mushrooms, as well as smoked meats and sausages manufactured in an industrial or domestic way.
Excluding from the diet products with a high content of low-density lipoproteins, and enriching it with food that helps to remove excess lipids from the body, you can prolong active longevity and significantly improve your well-being.