Diet in hypertension: what can you eat and what is not allowed?

Hypertension is fraught with many dangers, and careless treatment of this disease is fraught with serious problems for human health and life. If a patient has been diagnosed with hypertension, it means that from that day he must radically change his habitual way of life and even the way of thinking. At the same time, this does not mean that the quality of life of hypertension is significantly worse than that of a healthy person. Observance of certain rules only indicates respect for one's own organism and the ability to protect one's well-being.

It is worth noting in advance that many "taboo products" are not recommended for eating even for people with a healthy cardiovascular system. Therefore, the rejection of them will benefit any person.

Products, the use of which should be minimized, but it is better to completely refuse:

Fatty meat is the main source of cholesterol. You can forget about red meat with a high fat content. From the diet are excluded and all derivatives: sausage, minced meat, fat, entrails, etc. Brewing broths are also inadmissible;

Cakes, cookies, sweets, any buns-the synthesis of sugar and fat. As a rule, it is difficult for a person to control the amount of sweets eaten, so you should give preference to useful carbohydrates;

Coffee, cocoa, chocolate – caffeine adversely affects the work of the vessels, artificially causing spasms;

Nicotine. Smoking and hypertension are incompatible concepts. During the day, the vascular system of the smoker suffers numerous disruptions in work and becomes unable to independently regulate all processes.

The main rule is moderation. Portions should be approximately equal in size, between their methods there should not be large breaks. On the day of hypertension, you need at least four fractional meals. The last meal is the easiest, no later than two and a half hours before bedtime.

It is recommended to limit the consumption of the following products as much as possible:

Food salt – sodium directly affects the increase in blood pressure. This element retains excess fluid in the body and, accordingly, increases the volume of circulating blood. It is necessary to refrain from adding salt to food during cooking, as it can be obtained from natural products in order to obtain a daily rate of sodium chloride (not more than 5 g). To ensure that the food does not seem tasteless, it is worth using a variety of greens and spices;

Animal fats – from all consumed fat their amount should be less than a third. Butter, sour cream, cream should be replaced with vegetable oil (sunflower, olive, linseed). To a minimum, the consumption of cheese, as well as fats in confectionery products, is reduced;

Fish caviar – contains a high level intractableх lipids, as well as a large amount of salt. However, at the same time, fish caviar contains a lot of useful fat omega-3, which is necessary for hypertension;

Easily assimilated sugars – the main reason for excess weight – the best friend of high blood pressure. Only in small quantities are allowed jelly, sweet compotes, fruit drinks, jelly, jam and honey. Do not overeat natural products such as dried fruits – they also have a lot of sugar;

However, sugar is harmful not only this, read the article: 10 facts about the harm of sugar!

Beans and mushrooms – these products are difficult to digest by the body;

Black and strong green tea leads to excessive vascular tone;

Alcohol is the cause of a huge strain on the heart. The maximum daily dose is 150 grams, not more than twice a week.

The use of these products should be the exception rather than the rule. The hypertensive person must remember that he can afford it only as a supplement to the main portion, which consists of the food recommended to him. In case of abuse of the products listed above, they are transformed from allowable to prohibited.

Correctly to form a diet taking into account all features of an organism and a stage of disease the specialized medic will help.

There are a number of universal recommendations for nutrition in hypertension:

At the heart of cooked side dishes should be cereals, as well as potatoes and other vegetables. Macaroni and white bread should be much less common;

In the dish it is desirable to add greens: dill, parsley, spinach. Garlic and onions are extremely useful. These plants compensate for the lack of salt and strengthen the vessels;

It is recommended to drink at least one glass of unsweetened wild rose broth per day. The drink will lower the level of excess sugar in the blood;

Milk products with a minimum fat content should be preferred. The amount of protein and calcium in them is not less than in fatty;

It is necessary to observe the daily intake of potassium and magnesium. To do this, you need to know the list of products containing these trace elements (see below);

Soups are best cooked on the basis of vegetables and cereals. Broth on lean meat should not be more than once a week.

The basis of the diet is:

Fresh and frozen vegetables, fruits, berries;

Nuts (walnuts, almonds, peanuts, hazelnuts), seeds and bran. But strictly in limited quantities!

Seafood (mussels, shrimps) and fish (it is better to give preference to low-fat varieties).

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The daily diet for hypertension should contain a norm of organic microelements (especially magnesium), vitamins P, C and a number of group "B".

The most important are potassium, magnesium and calcium, the daily norm of which is:

Potassium – 3000-5000 mg;

Calcium – 800-1200 mg.

Table of products containing the required elements:

Rice bran (100gr) – 781 mg;

Dark chocolate (100gr) – 230mg;

Spinach (200 gr) – 157 mg;

Nuts (30 gr) – 64 mg;

Broccoli (1 head) – 22 mg;

Dried apricots and dates (10 pcs) – 400 mg;

Banana (1 pcs) – 600 mg;

Kiwi (1 pcs) – 250 mg;

Milk 1,5% (200 gr) – 400 mg;

Potatoes raw (1 pcs) – 1000 mg;

Raisins (200 gr) – 1090 mg;

Prunes (200 gr) – 820 mg;

Tomato paste (200 gr) – 900 mg;

Brussels sprouts – 1 pcs. – 504 mg;

Kiwi fruit – 1 pcs. – 252 mg;

Low-fat milk – 1 cup – 407 mg;

Peach – 1 pcs. – 288 mg;

Orange juice – 1 cup – 496 mg.

Broccoli (1 pcs) – 42 mg;

Milk 1,5% (200 gr) – 300 mg;

Red fish (100 gr) – 180 mg;

Spinach (200 gr) – 245 mg;

Cheese tofu (1 pcs) – 130 mg;

Onion leeks (100 g) – 92 mg.

In conclusion, it should be said that a well-designed diet for hypertension can be quite diverse in order to make it as easy as possible to move to the right way of life and protect the patient's health.

The author of the article: Diet Doctor, Kuzmina Vera Valerievna, specially for the site

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The information on the site is intended for acquaintance and does not call for independent treatment, the doctor's consultation is obligatory!


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