Diet in irritable bowel syndrome
Diet in irritable bowel syndrome should necessarily be aimed at normalizing the process of digestion and eliminating existing problems with the gastrointestinal tract. It must be adhered to for at least three months, most often during this time it is possible to bring the organism in order.
The essence of nutrition in irritable bowel syndrome boils down to a person getting a full meal and in parallel had the opportunity to reduce the negative symptoms of the existing pathology. It is important to identify those foods that stimulate the appearance of a feeling of discomfort, provoke constipation, diarrhea, or bloating. Such food from the diet should be eliminated. This is especially true in the presence of intolerance to milk sugar and gluten.
Diet in irritable bowel syndrome is divided into 2 type, depending on the main symptom:
With the prevalence of diarrhea, you should properly prepare food, it is best to rub it. You need to focus only on the allowed list of products. Experts with diarrhea recommend taking dietary table №4 as the standard of nutrition. It helps to strengthen the motor function of the irritated bowel, reduce the urge to defecate.
If a person suffers from constipation, it is also important to revise the diet, include in it products that stimulate the work of the intestine. In this case, experts recommend that you refer to the diet table No.3 for Pevzner.
Do not give up dietary nutrition, if recommended by a specialist. From any proposed list of products you can prepare a lot of interesting dishes, which, moreover, will have a curative effect and improve the quality of life of a person with irritable bowel syndrome.
Diet № 3 for Pevzner is aimed at elimination and prevention of constipation, if such symptoms prevail in the irritable bowel syndrome in the patient. In addition, adhering to the proposed diet and eliminating prohibited foods from your menu, you can achieve that completely eliminated pain caused by increased gassing in the intestine. After all, adhere to the table under the number 3 doctors recommend people with flatulence. (see also: Types and causes of flatulence)
Including the allowed products in the menu, it will be possible to gently stimulate the work of the intestine, accelerate the process of its natural emptying.
Diet No. 3 does not imply a person's restriction on calorie content, it should correspond to his body weight and age requirements. The number of kilocalories varies from 2900 to 3600. At the same time carbohydrate food should prevail – up to 450 g carbohydrates per day.
Observing all the recommendations, you can get the following effect:
Bring the digestion process back to normal.
To activate the absorption capacity of the stomach.
Strengthen the production of digestive enzymes.
Increase the motor activity of the intestine.
To achieve painless and regular emptying of the intestine.
Diet № 3 for Pevzner is a complete nutrition scheme, which is rich in products with coarse plant fiber, which stimulate the intestinal peristalsis.
Authorized products of the diet No. 3 for Pevzner
The permitted products of the diet No. 3 for Pevzner are included in the following list:
Vegetables: pumpkin, tomatoes, beets, cauliflower, cucumbers, zucchini, carrots. In boiled cabbage cabbage and green peas are possible.
Sour-milk products in the absence of individual intolerance: low-fat sour cream, yogurt, cottage cheese, regardless of its caloric content, curdled milk, cheese is not spicy, cream, fermented. Milk and drinks based on it.
Cereals: buckwheat, yak, millet, pearl barley. It is desirable to prepare them in the form of crumbly porridges.
Eggs boiled, boiled, in the form of an omelette for a couple, but no more than 2 pieces per day.
Low-fat meat, low-fat fish, dairy sausages. Meat products are better to boil in a lumpy form, sometimes you can use chopped meat.
Seafood: shrimps, squid, mussels.
Not baking pastry, yesterday's bread. Bread can be rye, bran, wheat.
Soups are best prepared on vegetable broth. It can be beetroot, okroshka, soup, borsch.
Byproducts, jelly, jelly.
Raw sweet fruit, any berries.
Homemade jam, purchased marmalade without emulsifiers and artificial colors, any kind of honey.
Dried fruits – dried apricots, figs, prunes.
Broth of wheat bran.
Dill, celery, parsley, bay leaf as seasonings. Sauces can be made on tomato and sour cream, or on a weak fish or meat broth.
From fats it is allowed to add vegetable oils to dishes, it is possible to include butter and soft margarine.
Tea black and green, broths of herbs, freshly squeezed vegetable and fruit juices, compotes.
Although the diet No. 3 for Pevzner suggests completely excluding from the menu the following forbidden products:
A dough, puff pastry, bread made from the highest grade flour.
Meat of fat varieties, the goose and duck are forbidden from the bird.
Smoked and canned foods.
Fish salted and smoked, as well as fish of fatty varieties.
Eggs cooked in the form of eggs.
From the groats, rice, semolina, vermicelli and legumes fall under the ban.
Of vegetables should not be included in the menu: turnips, onions, garlic, radish, radish, mushrooms. Potatoes should be limited.
As desserts, do not use chocolate and any products containing creams, as well as jelly.
Of fruits and berries should not eat quince, dogwood, blueberries.
Sauces can not be fatty, sharp, based on mustard.
From drinks under the ban gets hard-boiled tea, coffee and cocoa.
Banned fats such as beef, mutton and all cooking fats.
Omelet steamed. Cauliflower salad with vegetable oil. Green tea.
Borsch with sour cream. Meat with cabbage stew. Compote.
Cabbage rolls with chopped meat. Buckwheat with cottage cheese in the form of a krupnik. Black, weak tea.
Millet porridge on milk. Pear. Broth of dogrose.
An ear from a hake. Salad with tomatoes, carrots and cucumber in vegetable oil. Boiled meat.
Squash caviar, cheese, bread. Kefir.
Meatballs with chopped meat and tomato sauce. The vinaigrette. Broth of dogrose.
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The priority task of the diet №4 is to provide a full-fledged diet for a person suffering from diarrhea. It is this condition that often accompanies the irritable bowel syndrome, so the table number 4 doctors are often recommended as an adjunct to the main treatment. Adhering to the available recommendations, it will be possible to reduce inflammation, prevent the development of putrefactive and fermenting processes in the intestine, normalize its work, bring the functioning of all GIT organs back to normal.
Diet № 4 assumes a certain reduction in caloric intake, which is provided by reducing incoming carbohydrates and fats, while the amount of protein remains unchanged. It is necessary to exclude as much as possible all chemical, mechanical and thermal effects on the irritated organ. They remove foods that can stimulate the secretory function of the digestive system.
Dishes are cooked or cooked for a couple. Their consistency is liquid, semi-liquid or wiped. It is important not to eat too hot or too cold. Salt is consumed per day no more than 10 g, caloric value should not exceed 1700 kcal. It is important to adhere to the principle of fractional nutrition and to eat at least 5 once a day, but in small portions.
From flour products are allowed to crackers, made exclusively from wheat bread of the highest grade. It is important that they do not have a crusty crust on them, and the volume does not exceed more than 200 g per day.
Soups are cooked on a second meat or fish broth. That is, after boiling, the water merges.
From the groats mucous broths are allowed on the basis of rice, mango, oatmeal, cereal flour. Buckwheat can be grated. If cereals are prepared in the idea of cereal, then it is not possible to add milk during cooking. Cooking only on the water.
Meat – low-fat, in the form of knels or meatballs. You can use non-fat beef, chicken, turkey, rabbit, veal. With poultry, you must remove the skin.
Fish is low-fat, prepared either by a piece, or in a chopped form.
Dairy cottage cheese is allowed from dairy products.
In the day you can eat no more than 1 eggs. The correctness of its preparation is important: either soft-boiled, or steamed, or in the form of egg flakes in the soup.
Vegetables do not eat, they can only be prepared broth.
Of fruits in its raw form, you can only eat apples in a grated kind.
Desserts are prepared for jelly and jelly from quince, pear, bird cherry, blueberry, cornelian. Sugar added is limited.
As a dressing for dishes use butter, sauce – fat-free broth. The amount of oil per 1 serving should not exceed 5 g.
Of the drinks allowed green tea, cocoa on the water and black coffee. You can prepare broths of black currant, dogrose, quince. If there is no deterioration, then you can drink diluted fruit juices. The exception is grape, plum and apricot juice.
All baked goods, except dried wheat bread. All baking and other flour products are prohibited.
You can not have soups on strong fish and meat broths, with cereals, milk soups.
Excludes whole milk and other dairy products.
It is forbidden to fish: fatty, fried, salted, canned. You can not caviar and seafood.
You can not eat fat meat – pork and beef, goose and duck. You can not lump, especially sinewy meat. Prohibited offal and meat semi-finished products.
Do not eat raw eggs, hard-boiled eggs, fried eggs.
From croups under the ban falls: a yacht, millet, pearl barley, all beans. You can not have pasta.
You can not have any sauces, mayonnaise, mustard, tomato and sour cream sauces.
It is forbidden to dry fruits, fruits without pre-treatment, berries.
You can not jam and honey, because they have a lax effect. Do not use confectionery as a dessert.
Prohibited cocoa and coffee on milk, compotes, any carbonated drinks.
Prohibited any oil and fats, except for fresh butter in limited quantities.
Oat porridge on the water. Green tea.
Mashed apple with sugar.
Meat broth with egg flakes and semolina. Knees are steam, rice is on the water. Black tea with sugar.
Kissel made of black currant.
Steam cutlets from hake. Bleached buckwheat porridge with butter. Broth of dogrose.
Manna porridge on the water. Cocoa without milk and sugar.
Chicken broth with rice. Boiled rabbit meat with mashed buckwheat porridge. Pear jelly. Black tea with sugar.
Sour cream with oatmeal.
Knees from pollock for a couple, egg-poached. Cottage cheese casserole. Green tea.
The author of the article: Diet Doctor, Kuzmina Vera Valerievna, specially for the site
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The information on the site is intended for acquaintance and does not call for independent treatment, the doctor's consultation is obligatory!