The formation of stones of various composition in the kidneys is considered one of the most common pathologies. Most often, due to the peculiarities of the structure of the body and the humoral regulation of processes, it affects the female half of the population.
Therapy of urolithiasis includes a change in the daily regimen, regular intake of medications prescribed by the doctor, and a mandatory change in the culture of everyday nutrition. Diet in kidney stones kidney disease is necessary, since practically all food decay products pass through these organs.
Rules for eating and making menus in the formation of stones
The principles of nutrition and the composition of the daily menu are selected individually, depending on the composition of the concrements, the degree of development of the disease, the general condition of the patient, his age and weight, the presence of chronic pathologies of various types, etc.
The menu suitable for complex therapy can be chosen only by a nephrologist, since it is from the resulting products that will result in a positive dietary result. Stones and concretions are formed mainly as a result of the deposition of salts and other wastes of various substances in the kidneys, including food. In addition, the formation of kidney stones can be affected by diseases of the digestive system, as well as a lack of vitamins, minerals, amino acids and nutrients in the body, necessary to prevent the occurrence of this pathology.
It is important to remember that in education cysteine and xanthine stones (that is, those that have grown as a result of the deposition of amino acids), the therapeutic diet is practically not prescribed, since this type of pathology is of a genetic nature and does not lend itself to standard treatment.
If oxalate stones or phosphoric calcium, then proper nutrition can only stop the production of new concrements, without dissolving the old ones. And here black stones can dissolve even if diet is observed, practically without drug treatment.
Self-selection of food can lead to a significant deterioration of the patient’s condition, exacerbation of pathology and the formation of unpleasant co-morbidities.
In order for the diet to help accelerate recovery and significantly increase the positive effect of prescribed medications, the patient must follow the following dietary rules:
- complete exclusion from the daily menu of foods and beverages that, when digested and treated with digestive enzymes, can provoke the release of free insoluble compounds that damage the urinary system;
- completely eliminated from eating fatty foods, fast food of all kinds and varieties, and alcoholic beverages, even a weak fortress;
- you need to consume a day so much fluid that the amount of urine released by the body per day was at least 2 liters. It is recommended to take simple boiled water, slightly alkaline mineral water or herbal teas, infusions and decoctions. The more fluid filtered through the kidneys – the greater the chance of self-washing out of the stones, reducing the rate of their formation and releasing the body in a more natural way from pathology;
- the average portion of food consumed at a time will have to be reduced. The weight of the portion per meal should not exceed 250g, in addition, to facilitate digestion, the food must be thoroughly chewed;
- all dishes should be cooked with minimal salt content. At a time when the kidney stones have not yet come out, it will be best to give up completely of it;
- all dishes are prepared solely by steaming or cooking;
- meat products should be eaten not more often 2-3 once a week and only in boiled form;
- the food must necessarily be fractional, not less than 5-6 once a day. Do not let the appearance of a strong feeling of hunger or, conversely, overeating. Small, carefully chewed portions and frequent meals are required in order to reduce the burden on the sick organism and increase the amount of nutrients coming with food;
- the menu should have not only a complex of nutrients, amino acids and vitamins, but also have sufficient energy for a comfortable life-support.
The rules listed above are relevant for any of the prescribed diets for any kind of kidney stones.
What foods are banned in kidney kidney disease
There is a list of products that can significantly worsen the patient’s condition in any form of urolithiasis and cause irreparable damage to the entire genitourinary system. In addition, they retard water in the body, do not give a normal assimilation of prescribed medicines and deliver an additional burden to the pathology damaged by the body. That is why they are excluded from all lists of acceptable products and are not strongly recommended by specialist doctors:
- fatty grades of meat and fish, including fatty parts of chicken and turkey;
- sausages and sausages;
- all kinds of smoked, dried and canned products;
- dairy products with high fat content;
- strong types of tea;
- chocolate and cocoa;
- sweet fizzy drinks;
- sorrel, spinach, salads, celery;
- jelly, jelly, jelly;
- biologically active additives containing a large amount of ascorbic acid;
- tomatoes, green beans;
- all kinds of citrus, dog rose, currant, cranberries, cranberries;
- spices and condiments, vinegar, tomato paste, sauces, marinades.
The use of all these products is permissible only after complete elimination of pathology and prolonged prevention of subsequent formation of any type of kidney stones.
Nutrition in the formation of urate stones
Urinate stones occur in the kidneys with excess uric acid in the body, which leads to an acid reaction of urine. This is due to the excessive intake of patient purines, which are contained mainly in animal fats.
The food composition in the menu with urate stones is aimed at changing this reaction to an alkaline. This is well served by various veggie dishes, filled with high content of vegetables and fruits, as well as low-fat milk. The basis of the menu should be vegetable soups, baked vegetables and allowed fruits.
In addition, you can vary the menu with various semi-liquid porridges cooked on a mixture of water and milk, mucilage wiped ragout and cereal soups.
With urate stones in the kidneys, the menu can consist of the following products:
- potatoes, carrots, cauliflower and cabbage, cucumbers;
- green onions, dill and parsley;
- Apples, pears, peaches, apricots, red grapes;
- all kinds of nuts;
- cream and olive oil;
- eggs of chicken and quail;
- all kinds of dairy products with low fat content;
- flour products from fresh sweet dough;
- buckwheat, rice, millet, oats, millet;
- herbal teas from chamomile, sage, mint, infusions and decoctions of special collections with urinary stones, kissels, compotes, weak tea with milk, alkaline mineral waters, broths of wheaten and linseed bran;
Fasting with urate stones is prohibited, however, some types of fasting days, such as dairy, fruit or vegetable. Do not spend more than 1 days a week. On this day, you need to drink as much liquid as possible. In addition, if the treatment takes place during the hot season, the amount of fluid consumed should also be increased.
Nutrition with calcium-phosphate stones
The menu for calcic calculi in the urinary system will be slightly different from that commonly accepted for such types of pathologies. Since the calcium salts of phosphoric acid can accumulate due to insufficient acidity of urine, it is necessary to adjust the internal pH to the desired level.
These products contain a large amount of calcium, so their inclusion in the daily diet is unacceptable. Instead, the menu is allowed to add:
- meat and fish;
- some seafood, in consultation with the attending physician;
- cranberries, cranberries, currants, as well as compotes and fruit drinks from them;
- broths of wild rose;
- acidic mineral water;
- small portions of sweets.
In cases where the formation of calcium-phosphate stones occurred with any type of calcium deficiency (this happens if too much calcium is washed out of the body, but at the same time settles in the kidneys), the menu is adjusted in accordance with the patient’s general physical condition.
Oksalatnye stones are considered to be the most rigid of all kinds of concrements. They are very hard to come out and are difficult to natural removal. That is why The diet is mainly aimed at stopping their growth and re-education.
This type of stones appears because of the deposition of calcium salts of oxalic acid. In order to stop the progression of pathology, it will be necessary to exclude from the daily diet much more products than with urate stones.
- all kinds of green vegetables;
- the consumption of dairy products, even with low fat content, is reduced to a minimum;
- bakery products.
To remove oxalate stones the patient will have to drink a very large amount of liquid, which does not contain any kinds of acids or alkalis. In the daily menu, food remains:
- macaroni from durum wheat;
- non-acidic apples and pears;
- cereal cereals;
- low-fat fish.
The combination of such a rigid diet with the reception of a prescribed medication course stops the growth of stones and provokes their exit from the body.
It is important to remember that if you follow any diet, you need to be careful. It is necessary to carefully monitor the nutrition and condition of the body after each meal. If, when adding a new product to the menu, the state of health worsened, it is necessary to again exclude it and consult with the doctor for the most rational replacement.