In the modern world, stroke is one of the most dangerous diseases, causing every second death. In this case, stroke ranks first among those diseases that lead to disability. People, faced with this pathology, are forced to start living anew: to learn to speak, move, walk and, most importantly, eat in a completely different way.
Recall that a stroke is a pathological process in which brain cells cease to receive the required amount of oxygen and nutrients due to the clogging or rupture of a blood vessel. In connection with which a certain part of the brain dies off, and with it the individual organs or parts of the body cease to function normally, speech and mental activity is disrupted.
What is the need for a cerebral stroke?
Diet in stroke is aimed at solving two main problems: recovery of a weakened body and health, as well as the prevention of repeated attacks. In modern medicine, different types of stroke are distinguished. However, for people who have suffered this or that kind of a disease, the bases of diet and the specificity of nutrition are similar in many respects.
The first and strict rule is the reduction in the energy value of products. Level of daily calories should not be higher than 2500 kcal. The second requirement for a stroke diet is a complete refusal of alcohol and smoking. The third rule is to eat small portions, but more often (5-6 once a day). It is best to include in your diet vegetables, fruits, lean meat. At the same time from cream, ice cream and sour cream of high fat content is good to refuse. Sharp dishes and sweets will also be harmful.
In the diet menu of a person recovering from a stroke, you must include:
- Vegetables and fruits.
- Rye bread.
- Low-fat dairy products.
- Boiled or baked low-fat meat (without skin, in which there is a lot of fat).
- Kashi and soups on a weak meat broth.
- Boiled eggs (not more than one per day).
- Natural juices.
As for fluid intake, after a stroke, it is forbidden to drink strong tea, coffee, cocoa, carbonated drinks and even more packaged juices. However, the amount of water drunk per day should not be less than 2 liters. As beverages that are recommended by doctors and nutritionists after recovering from a stroke, jelly, compotes, lightly boiled tea or herbal infusion, freshly squeezed juices are best.
You can not eat fried, salted and smoked meat or fish, canned food, sausages, and also in large quantities of pasta. People after the stroke of the brain is very important the first months to adhere completely to the salt-free diet. Approximately after a year of recovery and positive dynamics, you can gradually and gradually add salt to your food.
Here’s an example menu for one day:
- Breakfast – weak tea or warm milk with a piece of bread from bran;
- Lunch – light vegetable soup, boiled meat with buckwheat, fruit salad;
- Snack – broth of dogrose and vegetable salad;
- Dinner – steamed fish fillet and a glass of yogurt.
Features of a diet after an ischemic stroke
The most common stroke is ischemic. It accounts for more than 80% of cases. The development of ischemic stroke is always associated with a number of other serious diseases: diabetes, atherosclerosis, hypertension, etc. Therefore, the diet is aimed at solving problems immediately with a complex of diseases and their consequences.
The primary goal is to lower the level of cholesterol in the blood, because it is because of it that plaques are formed that disrupt blood circulation, causing a stroke. The basis of the diet is the minimum intake of animal fats.
Eat 4-6 once a day. Food should be non-caloric, but contain large amounts of proteins and complex carbohydrates. In addition, for the diet after an ischemic stroke, it is important to eat foods rich in vegetable fiber. Add spinach, beets, cauliflower, broccoli and berries such as blueberries and cranberries to your diet. Otherwise, the diet after an ischemic stroke should be based on the basic requirements, which have already been written above. Special attention should be paid to products rich in potassium: bananas, dried apricots, all types of cabbage, carrots, potatoes and many others. other
In conclusion, we will give an approximate menu for the day:
- Breakfast – green tea or milk, boiled egg and a piece of cereal bread with cheese.
- Lunch – soup-puree, boiled chicken breast with buckwheat, dried fruits.
- Afternoon snack – a glass of yogurt and 2 any fruit.
- Dinner – salad of fresh vegetables, meatballs from chicken steamed and compote.
Features of the diet after a stroke for men
Stroke-affected men are helpful within a week arrange a day off, during which only one product is used: apples, watermelon, cucumber, kefir, skim curd. Almost 20% of men have experienced a stroke as a result of alcohol abuse or smoking – these factors, along with age and atherosclerosis, are among the five main causes of this complex disease.
People who suffer from alcoholism often find it difficult and even impossible to immediately give up alcohol. For this, you can allow them to take white wine on 100-150 gr. per day, gradually reducing the dosage. To heavy smokers after a stroke, cigarettes should be replaced with special plasters, chewing gum and tablets, which help get rid of bad habits.
Stroke is a disease whose treatment is largely determined by the right diet. However, its conditions can not be considered too rigid and complex. Such a diet is recommended to every healthy person, and the faster you start to observe it, the less chance to face such a terrible disease as a stroke.