We are used to changing our diet, most often, during the fight against excess weight, or with diseases of the digestive system. But few know that in the treatment of osteochondrosis, too, need a diet. Diet for osteochondrosis is appointed, in the first place, in order not to aggravate the course of the disease.
What is the diet for osteochondrosis?
This diet is simple enough and does not require large restrictions in nutrition. The only requirement is the lack of excess weight. If the extra pounds are available, then the first stages of the diet should be aimed at eliminating them and bringing the weight to normal.
Excess weight is a huge burden on the spine, and osteochondrosis in this condition is only aggravated. In order to get rid of this load, you should make yourself a low-calorie diet, where there will be enough protein food, vegetable fiber, as well as complex carbohydrates (cereals, cereals). It should be excluded from the menu:
- sugar, sweets;
- baked pastry, white bread;
- animal fat (beef and pork fat, lard, butter, margarine, cooking oil);
- alcohol (strong and low alcohol drinks, beer);
- carbonated water, coca-cola, lemonade;
- salty nuts, chips, snacks;
- fatty sausages, smoked products.
Eat more fruit and vegetable dishes, white meat and greens. Sour-milk products are useful.
Drink a sufficient amount of water, about 2-liters per day. Clean water will help not only to get rid of excess pounds faster, but also cleanse the body of toxic substances, slags and metabolic products, which is important in osteochondrosis.
Diet with cervical osteochondrosis
An important aspect of the diet for cervical osteochondrosis is the restriction of salt and sugar in the diet. When preparing all dishes should be a little nedosolit: first taste of unsalted food may not like you, but eventually you will get used, as if it was always. With sugar is easier – it can be replaced with honey (if there is no allergy).
A number of unwanted products include strong tea and coffee. The fact that caffeine does not allow you to assimilate many useful and necessary substances in the body: potassium, calcium, magnesium and sodium, which contributes to the development of problems with the musculoskeletal system. To avoid this, it is necessary to drink tea not strong, and instead of coffee to drink chicory, or to add to a weak coffee milk or cream.
Diet for cervical osteochondrosis should provide the patient with all necessary nutritional and valuable substances, especially minerals (potassium, magnesium) and vitamins C, P, PP, B¹, B². The menu includes a high-grade protein (85 g per day), fats up to 40 g (predominantly vegetable), as well as carbohydrates (complex carbohydrates up to 400 g / day).
Eat during a diet is necessary 5-6 once a day. The total daily amount of calories 2500 kcal. Products can be boiled, baked, but it is preferable to use a steam cooker.
Diet for cervical osteochondrosis
Perhaps, the most important thing that must necessarily be present in the daily menu with cervical, and other osteochondrosis are proteins. They are in considerable quantities found in beef, pork, poultry, fish and dairy products, in buckwheat, mushrooms, legumes. The listed products should be in your daily menu in the form of 2-3 servings: the rest of the diet should be taken up by vegetables and fruits. Such food, with an emphasis on protein and vegetable components, can be safely used in the prevention of osteochondrosis.
The benefits of vitamins and trace elements in the disease of the spine, we have already said. But many may have a logical question: why change the usual diet, if you can simply take some complex drug with the content of all vitamins. Moreover, now the pharmaceutical network represents a lot of such drugs, and some of them are even recommended for diseases of the musculoskeletal system.
It is certainly possible to do so. But it is necessary to take into account the fact that synthetic vitamins are perceived by our body much worse than natural ones, therefore, the benefits from them are not enough. In addition, without changing diet and lifestyle, we will continue to worsen the condition of the spine: being overweight, salty foods, prepared food, impaired metabolism.
Changing the diet, we eliminate the harmful habits in the diet, which for many years had a disastrous effect on our organs and support apparatus. We stop the pathological processes in the spine, gradually eliminating the damage and restoring the tissues.
Restricting their food from harmful sweets, muffins, excessive salt, soon the person will feel much better, as improvements will come not only in the spine, but in the body as a whole.
Diet for osteochondrosis of the lumbar region
The most significant element of nutrition in osteochondrosis, and in some other diseases of the spine, is calcium.
What foods contain this element, and what are the norms of its use?
- Child age – from 600 to 1000 mg.
- Adolescence is 1200 mg.
- Adults from 16 to 45 years – 1000-1200 mg.
- Pregnant women and elderly people – from 1400 to 2000 mg.
And how much calcium can be contained in food?
- a glass of milk or kefir – 220-240 mg;
- a piece of hard cheese (about 10 g) – 103 mg;
- a piece of brynza (about 10 g) – 50 mg;
- store yogurt (half cup) – 80 mg;
- natural curd (100 g) – 150 mg;
- fish products (100 g) – 50 mg;
- boiled egg (pcs.) – 55 mg;
- boiled string beans (100 g) – 120 mg;
- oatmeal porridge (100 g) – 65 mg;
- Nuts (100 g) – 260 mg.
In order to compensate for the loss of calcium, you must eat at least two servings of dairy products a day, include legumes in the menu. Morning, start with oatmeal or other porridge (you can add nuts to it), or with egg dishes. Have a snack with fruit, cottage cheese, nuts. For lunch, instead of pasta, you can cook vegetables (stewed, steamed, or in the form of mashed potatoes), and do not forget about salads.
End the day with a glass of yogurt or ryazhenka.
Such simple ways of changing food are not burdensome, but they will help improve metabolic processes in your body, and the spine will feel easier.
Yes, and add to the menu natural joint-preserving dishes, for example jelly. These dishes contain natural collagen, which is simply necessary for our cartilage and tendons. The lack of collagen leads to loss of elasticity of tissues, including cartilage, both in the joints and in the spine.
Rice diet for osteochondrosis
One of the most popular diets for osteochondrosis is a rice diet. Of course, it is quite strict, but not less effective. According to those who have already tried this diet, the rice diet helps to rid the body of excess salts and even remove excess kilograms, which is also important in osteochondrosis.
Duration of rice diet for osteochondrosis 42 days.
We take 6 empty jars 0,5 l, number them in order (you can paste stickers), and put on jars on 2 st. l. raw rice. Further, in all the jars we add water and cover with gauze napkins.
Exactly after a day we pour out the water from jar №1. We put the rice in a ladle, pour boiling water and boil it for 5-8 minutes. In rice do not add anything! Cooked rice must be eaten. After such breakfast, you can not eat neither food nor water for 4 hours.
Jar No. 1 after that, again, fill with rice and water and put after the jar number 6. The next day the same procedure is carried out with a jar of №2, and then – according to a logical scheme.
Rice diet for osteochondrosis can affect the work of the kidneys, so along with the use of rice it is recommended to drink tea from the leaves of cranberries.
If for some reason the diet does not suit you, you can stop it at any time.
Diet recipes for osteochondrosis
Pseudo-mayonnaise of beans (an excellent substitute for mayonnaise).
We will need: 1 can of beans, 300 ml of refined oil, 1 teaspoon prepared mustard, half a teaspoon of sugar, the same amount of salt, 2 table.. spoons of lemon juice.
From a jar of beans, we drain the water, we grind the beans, add butter, and beat. Then add the remaining ingredients and whip a little more. Mayonnaise is ready.
The diet menu for osteochondrosis should be non-caloric, balanced, with an enriched vitamin and mineral composition. It is advisable to eat food cooked in a double boiler, about 6 times a day and in small portions.
Which products should be included in the menu:
- dairy products (whole milk and sour-milk products);
- vegetable dishes, greens. A special emphasis should be paid to cabbage, cucumbers, radish, celery, beets;
- fruit and berry dishes, including jelly and compotes;
- vegetable oils;
- low-fat meat;
- flooded dishes, cold;
- dark breads, dry biscuits, muffins;
- Nuts, seeds, sesame seed;
- seafood (fish, shrimp, sea kale, mussels);
- still water.
An approximate diet menu for osteochondrosis may look like this:
- Breakfast. Curd, cheese cake or simply cottage cheese with sour cream and fruit, tea from a dogrose.
- Snack. A few ripe fruits, or a handful of nut mixture, or a couple of dried fruits.
- Dinner. Vegetable soup, you can bean or pea, a piece of meat from a steamer, a salad of vegetables, compote.
- Snack. A cup of curdled milk with a cake or biscuits, or a fruit mix with yoghurt filling.
- Dinner. Boiled fish fillet with a cereal garnish, or chicken with a tomato cucumber salad, weak tea.
At night, you should definitely drink a glass of yogurt or ryazhenka.