Feeling of heaviness, increased gas formation, bloating and distension of the abdomen, pain – these are the most common and unpleasant symptoms of flatulence. Disease can annoy at any age and arise due to various factors. Meanwhile, she successfully retreats with simple nutrition recommendations. A special diet with flatulence concerns not only the permitted and prohibited foods, but also the frequency of food intake, its temperature indexes.
How to get rid of flatulence with diet
In order to feel the maximum effect of the diet, you need to listen to the recommendations of nutrition experts. They advise:
- Take food every time exclusively in a relaxed environment. Snacks and “food on the run” only aggravate the situation. The food should be chewed thoroughly. Talking at the table is not recommended, since on the one hand it can provoke the ingestion of air, and on the other – increase the load on the gastrointestinal tract.
- Do not drink water with water. Drink beverages better in 30 – 60 minutes.
- Develop a kind of regime for yourself and eat at certain times, due to which you will adjust to the right mode and digestive tract. He will strengthen his work at a specified time, along the way highlighting gastric juice. In addition, at certain times, the body will receive enzymes and bile acids, thereby minimizing the risk of complications in the gastrointestinal tract, which usually occur with irregular eating habits.
- Divide the amount of food consumed by 5 – 6 receptions. Such a fractionality of the food will allow useful substances to be cleaved in the intestine in a timely manner and absorbed. At the same time, all products of processing will be removed in a timely manner from the body, preventing development of putrefaction and fermentation.
- Exclude fatty and fried from the diet. Dishes are better for boiling, baking, stewing, steaming.
- Monitor the amount of salt consumed. Ideally, it should not exceed 6 – 8 g per day, otherwise food will irritate the intestinal wall.
- Observe the drinking regime. Total 2 – 2,5 liter of liquid per day allows timely withdrawal of processed products from the body and prevent fermentation.
Pay attention! The temperature of the food that enters the body also affects the work of the intestine. The therapeutic diet for flatulence involves the use of warm foods. Because of excessively hot or cold, the production of gastric juice by the stomach and enzymes by the pancreas intensifies, which leads to irritation of the intestine.
Reduce the manifestations of flatulence can also be the correct selection of foods for a single meal. It is not recommended to combine salted and sweet, vegetables or fruits and milk, milk and animal proteins. Such compounds load the gastrointestinal tract, increase peristalsis of the intestine, lead to fermentation and increased gas production.
Permitted products in flatulence
It is better to give preference to food, which normalizes the stool by soft and slow passage through the intestine. However, special attention should be given to those products that can affect its microflora, stimulating the growth of beneficial bacteria.
Important! The diet in flatulence should be maximally enriched with vitamins and trace elements, including potassium, iron, calcium, and also lipotropic substances, as they have a beneficial effect on bile, blood vessels.
The food should consist of:
- breadcrumbs of wheat flour and dried bread;
- lean fish – it can be boiled or used as a part of cutlets and other minced meat;
- low-fat meat without skin – from it you can make steamed chops, croissants, meatballs or souffle;
- non-fatty and non-acidic dairy products, cottage cheese, sour cream, curdled milk, curd soufflé or biochefere, provided that the person does not have lactose intolerance;
- boiled eggs (not hard-boiled), omelets;
- drinks: green tea, rose hips or blueberries, cocoa, cooked on the water, tea from fennel, compote;
- vegetables: pumpkins, potatoes, carrots, zucchini;
- Soups cooked on not strong meat or fish broths;
- cereals: buckwheat, oatmeal, mango, rice, cooked on water and ground;
- greens: dill and parsley;
- bay leaf, cumin.
What foods can not be eaten with flatulence
In flatulence, products that enhance gas formation are undesirable.
Conditionally they are all divided into 3 groups:
- Food containing vegetable coarse fiber. The latter feeds the microflora of the intestine, as a result of which its growth increases and, as a result, the number of products of vital activity that provoke fermentation processes in the intestine.
- Simple carbohydrates. They not only quickly digested, poorly saturating the body, but also contribute to the decay of food masses.
- Products that a person does not tolerate, such as milk with lactose intolerance. If this rule is ignored, it is possible to develop a protracted allergic reaction.
In addition, it is worth to abandon the products that need long-term digestion and, accordingly, enhance fermentation. A striking example of this is protein food of animal origin, that is, meat, which because of connective tissue does not pass for a long time along the gastrointestinal tract.
Pay attention! Compound the situation with flatulence and products, which include many organic acids, essential oils, preservatives and food additives. By irritating the intestinal mucosa, they stimulate peristalsis.
Among the prohibited products:
- fresh bread made from wheat or rye flour, pastries;
- fattening fat meat and fish;
- salted, smoked, including caviar;
- cocoa, cooked in milk, coffee;
Important! A doctor’s consultation will help to make the right diet with the permitted and forbidden products as much as possible, depending on other symptoms of the disease – diarrhea or constipation, irritable bowel syndrome.
Non-compliance with the recommendations of the doctor entails a constant excessive gas formation, rumbling and pain in the stomach, digestive problems and the lack of a regular stool. As a result, over time, the normal intestinal microflora is killed, and its place is occupied by bacteria that provoke decay. Worst of all, in the course of their vital activity, they release toxins that enter the bloodstream and adversely affect the liver and other organs. After this, hypovitaminosis develops and other diseases are aggravated or develop in a person.