Hypertensive crisis occurs most often in patients with hypertension due to a decrease in the adaptive abilities of the central nervous system and a violation of the function of the cardiovascular system. Nutrition is important for hypertensive people in preventing crises and during the exit from a crisis. A healthy diet with hypertensive crisis is similar to a diet for the cores. It focuses on reducing sodium-containing foods and increasing the intake of potassium, calcium, and magnesium, which have a positive effect on blood vessels and blood pressure, being opponents of sodium.
What is for quick recovery
Persistent high blood pressure is often a precursor of stroke, myocardial infarction, vascular pathology, and vision loss. It has a bad effect on the work of the brain, liver, kidneys. In addition to drug treatment and compliance with the regime of the day, diet therapy is of great importance. Therefore, it is so important to know what you can eat and what you can not.
When you exit the hypertensive crisis with respect to nutrition, it is important to observe the following principles:
- Limit the fluid intake to 0,7-0,9 l per day.
- With excess weight, it should be reduced, reducing the caloric content of the daily diet.
- Reduce the amount of table salt to 4-5 g per day, exclude salty, sharp and smoked dishes. Because the salt, more precisely, the sodium it contains raises the pressure.
- Eliminate products that enhance gas generation.
- Reusable (5-6-fold) fractional power allows to reduce a single amount of consumed food up to 300-350. A large amount of food leads to overfilling of the stomach, intestines, squeezing the heart with a diaphragm.
- Reduce the number of animal fats and simple carbohydrates.
The diet should contain no more than 100 g protein, of which animals are less than 65 g, carbohydrates 400 g, fats not more than 75 g, including no more than 75 g animals per day. Much attention should be paid to the presence of vitamins (ascorbic acid 100 mg, thiamine bromide 4 mg, retinol 2 mg, nicotinic acid 30 mg, riboflavin 4 mg) and minerals (calcium 0,8 g, sodium 1,6 g, magnesium 0,5 g, potassium 3 g, phosphorus 1,6 g, iron 15 mg).
Drinking fluid increases the volume of pumped blood and increases blood pressure. Salt, or rather contained in it sodium, delays fluid in the body and increases the volume of blood. Salt reduces the effectiveness of vasodilator drugs.
The list of products that should be excluded from the diet for patients with a sharp critical increase in pressure:
- Caffeine-containing, carbonated, alcoholic drinks, strong tea, including green.
- Sugar, dough, white bread, pastries.
- Lard and animal fats, any very fatty foods and foods.
- Salty, smoked, spicy dishes.
When hypertensive crisis from the diet should be excluded salty, smoked and spicy dishes
Sugar and sweets provoke the production of insulin, which contributes to increased blood pressure. It is necessary to exclude all fast carbohydrates and replace them with slow ones. Do not eat semi-finished products, smoked products, sausages, salty and sharp snacks, mayonnaise, ketchup.
Patients experiencing hypertensive crisis, you need a proper diet. Products that are recommended for use after the hypertensive crisis:
- Low-fat veal, beef, chicken, rabbit, turkey, quail.
- Dairy products.
- Natural vegetable and fruit juices, broth of wild rose.
- Fish of low-fat varieties, seafood, sea kale.
- Nuts, greens, vegetables, fruits, including dried ones.
- Kashi, whole grain dishes.
All vegetables improve digestion, supply the body with fiber, which reduces the level of bad cholesterol, improve the condition of blood vessels. Dried fruits contain antioxidants, fiber, magnesium and potassium, strengthen the cardiovascular system. Nuts contain polyunsaturated fatty acids, fiber.
Nutrition for hypertensive crisis should be full and healthy, otherwise even super-expensive drugs will not be effective.
Sample menu in the first days after the hypertensive crisis.
Breakfast: grated carrot, crushed apples and chopped fresh cabbage to fill 10 g of any vegetable oil; 220 ml of warm briar broth.
Second breakfast: grated vegetables; 150 ml of juice.
Lunch: 260 ml soup on vegetable broth, do not add meat or fish; a fresh vegetable salad; 10 ml of sour cream or vegetable oil for refueling; 100 g of nuts.
Afternoon snack: a salad of beets and carrots; 220 ml of rosehip.
Dinner: vinaigrette; 220 ml of juice or wild rose.
Hypertension is insidious. After the hypertensive crisis, you should eat right. This will help to avoid repeated attacks, reduce the intake of medications. The diet implies the restriction of salt and salty foods, the exclusion of caffeinated drinks, strong teas. You need to eat more vegetables, fruits, foods rich in vitamins, potassium, magnesium, microelements and fiber. It is necessary to switch to five to six split meals. Patients with excess weight should strictly control the caloric content of the diet and achieve its reduction. Observance of the correct regime of the day, timely rest, rejection of bad habits contribute to quick rehabilitation after a hypertensive crisis and restore full-fledged life.