Sugar is an oxidizer that destroys the tissues of the human body. Many people suffer from hyperglycemia, so you need to know what products in this state can be consumed, and which is strictly prohibited. To recognize pathology, you should pay attention to the symptoms and causes of the disease.
The causes of increase and decrease in blood sugar
An increased level of glucose is revealed in pathologies of the endocrine system, liver, kidneys, pancreas, diabetes, stroke or myocardial infarction.
Hypoglycemia (low glucose level) is observed in severe liver diseases, endocrine diseases, pancreatic abnormalities, fever, malignant tumors, vegetative disorders.
Also, lowered blood sugar is the result of an overdose of insulin, prolonged starvation, excessive physical exertion, drug, chemical and alcohol poisoning. This problem is often diagnosed in premature babies whose mothers are sick with diabetes.
The main symptoms of hyperglycemia in most patients are identical, although sometimes differ depending on the duration of the pathology and age. The following signs appear:
- dryness in the oral cavity;
- decrease or increase in body weight;
- weakness, fatigue;
- strong thirst;
- infections of the genital organs, accompanied by itching;
- skin diseases;
- long-term healing of cuts, abrasions, scratches;
- the smell of acetone from the body;
- increase in the volume of excreted urine;
- dizziness, headache;
- decreased visual acuity.
Symptoms may indicate a high level of glucose in the bloodstream, but only tests and studies will help to make the final diagnosis.
Note! On our site you will learn that you can not eat diabetes mellitus
What are the vitamins for diabetics 1 and 2 type, you can find in this article http://hudelkin.ru/preparat/vitaminy-diabetikov-1-2-tipa.html
In this article we will consider the use of Jerusalem artichoke for nutrition of diabetics
To normalize the sugar in the blood, you need to reduce the intake of carbohydrates and high-calorie foods, to maintain a healthy diet. Eat 5 once a day at the same time. During the preparation of the diet, it is required to take into account the person's age, weight, and the presence of concomitant diseases.
To get rid of the pathology and normalize blood sugar, you need to develop a menu for a week and strictly follow it. Here is an approximate diet that will help fight hyperglycemia.
When compiling a diet menu, you must exclude all foods that contain a lot of sugar and carbohydrates. It is forbidden to drink spirits, sweets and dishes with mushrooms. It is necessary to remove from the menu salty and spicy dishes, grapes, bananas, pork.
Many celebrities were ill with diabetes, among them: Herbert Wells, Ernest Hemingway, Faina Ranevskaya, Fedor Shalyapin, Yuri Nikulin, Elizabeth Taylor, Jean Reno, Nikita Khrushchev. From modern stars: Tom Hanks, Larry King, Sylvester Stallone, Pele, Sharon Stone, Halle Berry, Armen Jigarkhanyan, Mikhail Boyarsky and many other famous personalities.
In the diet with an increased level of sugar in the blood should include products that will reduce the glucose and normalize its production.
- Vegetables. They are used in baked, raw and boiled form and are the basis of the diet menu.
- Fruit. You can add to the diet only those that contain the least amount of sugar. They can be eaten after the main meal.
- Meat boiled or steamed. Only dietary species: fish, veal, chicken, beef.
- Flour. It is allowed to use flour products with a minimum amount of carbohydrates, for example bread with bran, rye, protein and whole grains.
- Cereals. They contain B vitamins, vegetable proteins that lower the level of sugar and cholesterol. The most useful – buckwheat porridge, wheat, rice, pearl barley and oatmeal.
- Dairy products. It is allowed to use cottage cheese as a separate dish, casseroles and puddings based on it. Yogurt and yogurt can not be more than 2 glasses per day.
- Eggs. You can 1-2 pcs. in a day.
How to eat pregnant women with high blood sugar
During the bearing of a child, a woman must eat more often in order to avoid negative consequences for her health and the health of the baby. It is necessary to regularly monitor the level of glucose and cholesterol in the blood. It is recommended to purchase a special device that allows an empty stomach to check the concentration of sugar by one drop of blood.
Food should be taken every 3 hours, and at night the break should not exceed 10 hours. Before going to bed, you can not drink milk and eat fruit.
At pregnancy in a diet the lean food with the minimum maintenance of spices, oils and salt should prevail. The most useful dishes are buckwheat porridge, vegetables in fresh form or added to salad, chicken soup. Excludes: spicy and sweet food, mushrooms, red meat.
Sweet substitutes are divided into 2 categories: natural and artificial. To natural include stevia, sorbitol, xylitol, fructose, they are quite high in calories. Such substitutes are widely used in the production of cookies, gingerbread, candy, sweets, candies, etc. Patients suffering from type 2 type diabetes and obesity should give up these sweeteners, except stevia.
Artificial sugar substitutes: cyclamate, saccharin, aspartame. As a rule, such products are produced in tablets, where 1 tablet corresponds to 1 tsp. Sahara.
Dietary food can be tasty, because there are many recipes with the permitted products for hyperglycemia.
Omelette with broccoli and quail eggs
- lemon juice – 4 drops;
- quail eggs – 3 pcs .;
- vegetable oil – 50 ml;
- broccoli – 1 pcs .;
- water – 15 ml;
- salt – pinch.
In a small bowl, beat eggs quail, add lemon juice, water and salt. Wash and chop the cabbage. Mix the egg mixture with broccoli, whisk and pour into a hot frying pan. Dish cook for 6 minutes on low heat.
- mature avocados – 1 pcs .;
- cocoa powder – 30 g;
- orange – 1 pcs .;
- cocoa beans – 3-4 pcs .;
- liquid honey – 15 ml;
- peel – 10
Avocado peel and grate on a small grater, squeeze the juice out of the orange. Put the honey, cocoa powder, orange juice, avocado pulp in the blender bowl and beat it. Then add zest of orange and cocoa beans to the mass. All thoroughly mix and place in the freezer for 1 hour.
- green onion – 50 g;
- sour cream (fat content 10%) – 50 ml;
- radish young – 100 g;
- olive oil – 40 ml;
- lemon – 1 pcs .;
- fillets of pollock – 1 pcs .;
- salt, pepper – pinch.
Green hands and radish wash, grind and mix with sour cream and salt. Add the juice of 2-3 lime and a small amount of pepper to the resulting mass. In the pan, pour the olive oil, after heating, fry the pollock fillets. Prepared fish put on a plate and pour with sauce.
Video pollack pollack by sour cream below:
Eggplant caviar with pomegranate and nuts
- garnet grains – 70 g;
- eggplant – 1 pcs .;
- vegetable oil – 30 ml;
- walnuts – 50 g;
- garlic – 2 tooth;
- salt to taste.
Eggplant thoroughly wash (tails cut off) and bake in the oven at a temperature of 120-150 ° C until cooked. Put the walnuts in the blender bowl, grinded on a grater, cooked eggplants in a hot form, pomegranate seeds and beat. Add salt, vegetable oil and chopped garlic cloves to the resulting mass. The dish is ready for use.
Pumpkin, carrots, onion and celery cut into cubes. In a saucepan pour cold water and put vegetables in it, add a bay leaf. Cook for about half an hour. Then put the mass in a blender, add the crushed garlic slice, whisk to a consistency of mashed potatoes, season with salt and pepper. Decorate the soup with herbs and sour cream.
Cake without sugar with apple sauce
- wheat flour – 2 glass;
- crushed nutmeg – ½ tsp;
- baking soda – 5 g;
- ground cinnamon – ½ tsp;
- sugar substitute – ¾ cup;
- baking powder – 1 tsp;
- raisins – 1 / 3 glasses;
- apple puree – 1,5 cup;
- egg – 2 pcs .;
- vanilla sugar – 5 g;
- salt – ½ tsp.
Preheat oven to 350 ° C. In a large bowl, sift the flour, add soda, baking powder, cinnamon, salt and nutmeg. Eggs beat up with sugar substitute before the formation of foam. In the egg mixture add apple puree and vanilla sugar.
To prepare puree apples need to be cleaned, cut into small pieces, boil for 15 minutes with the addition of 2 st. l. water. After this time, stretch the fruit to mash.
Mix the dough with flour and raisins. Place the mixture in a baking dish and place in the oven for 45 minutes until a crispy crust forms.
With the proper composition of the menu and its compliance, you can quickly normalize your blood glucose level. This problem is very common, but there are many ways to solve it, and in some cases it is enough just to abandon the use of harmful food.
To get rid of the pathology, therapists, endocrinologists, changes in diet, exercise and the maintenance of a healthy lifestyle are required. It is forbidden to self-medicate to avoid deterioration of health.
"Fruit. You can add to the diet only those that contain the least amount of sugar. They can be eaten after the main meal. "- quotation.
Strongly disagrees with the fact that you need to eat fruit after eating. It seems to me, right – before meals, and only up to 16 hours, later is not recommended. And on my own I will say that the fruits of me cause a brutal appetite, especially apples, and as a snack, and even more so – before going to bed, I do not advise.
Quotation from the article: "Cake without sugar with apple puree
Ingredients: wheat flour – 2 glass "; yes plus raisins just for people with high blood sugar. Will you think what you write ?!
And in the menu for a week – mashed potatoes, but you need to refrain from carbohydrates, but like potatoes are almost the very first carbohydrate ?! The article, of course, is interesting, one who does not suffer from elevated blood sugar can be taken to note, in order to lose weight, but for healthy people.
A good drug, most importantly – do not overdo it with a dosage, which seems to have been a couple of times.
Hey. I even did not know that there are such drugs for slimming, and it's very good to make them in syrups, pills, tablets.
And women also 3-4 times a week doing exercises?
Exercise for stretching is only for those who are professionally engaged in their body for example bodybuilders.