There are contraindications, consult a doctor.
An increased level of insulin in the blood suggests that you have broken carbohydrate metabolism. This condition requires an urgent review of their diet. The earlier you start a diet that will last a lifetime, so in the best condition, keep your health. If the blood glucose level is raised, most likely, you have diabetes, or this disease will arise in the next few years.
The most important method of treating the disease is diet. With elevated insulin, it helps to achieve the following medical goals:
1. Reducing blood glucose. As a consequence, there is a decrease in the secretion of insulin, and its concentration in the plasma also falls.
2. Weight loss. Usually a violation of carbohydrate metabolism is a consequence of obesity. With the normalization of body weight, there is a significant improvement in the sensitivity of tissues to insulin.
3. Prevention of complications. The long-term goal of the diet is the prevention of irreversible violations by internal organs that lead to the loss of a person’s ability to work, and then to his death.
Menu diet with increased insulin
Diet is aimed at reducing the proportion of carbohydrates in the diet, excluding simple sugars from the menu, as well as reducing the overall caloric intake. Nutrition rules for patients with elevated insulin levels:
1. Simple carbohydrates are forbidden. This is any food that has a sweet taste. Restrictions are subject to including honey, juices, sweet fruits, dried fruits. All of them contain a lot of glucose, which provokes an increase in the level of sugar in the blood.
2. Prohibited fatty foods. The purpose of this restriction is to reduce the caloric content of the diet. The greatest energy value is fats. Therefore, you need to minimize their consumption – give up oil, pork, mayonnaise, fried foods.
3. The basis of the diet – vegetables and cereals. Eat as many fresh vegetables as possible. When heat-treated, try to use less fats, both animal and vegetable, in smaller quantities. Porridge on the water. Consumption of flour products is allowed, but in limited quantities.
4. Proteins are within reason. Meat, milk, seafood or eggs do not increase the level of glucose in the blood. Nevertheless, it is not necessary to overeat. Remember the need to control body weight.
5. Instead of sugar, sweeteners. If you do not like unsweetened tea, add stevia, sucralose or other sweeteners. They are sold stores for diabetics and pharmacies.
Why is it important to follow a diet?
Some patients disregard the diet with increased insulin. The reason is the absence of pain. From diabetes mellitus, they go blind, lose limbs, die, but it happens gradually, without any expressed discomfort. A person relaxes and does not pay enough attention to treatment, including a diet.
You can opt out of proper nutrition with increased insulin, but you must be aware of the consequences of such a decision. They will be as follows:
1. Diabetes mellitus will become insulin-dependent.
The reserves of the pancreas are not infinite. It can not permanently function in an overactive mode. Sooner or later the level of insulin will decrease in the blood itself. This is due to the depletion of cells that synthesize the hormone. After this, you will need to receive insulin injections for the rest of your life. Only by this method it will be possible to control the disturbed carbohydrate metabolism.
2. You will have to take several medications.
The longer you neglect a diet, the stronger you will have to lean on medicines. Moreover, some of them stimulate the secretion of insulin (glibenclamide and other sulfonylureas), increasing the level of this hormone in the blood. Thanks to this action, the drugs contribute to the compensation of carbohydrate metabolism, but they bring the moment of diabetes transition into an insulin-dependent form. In addition, taking medications is a risk of side effects and financial costs.
3. You are in for serious complications.
If you abandon the diet, drugs, regular blood glucose measurements, you are waiting for late complications of diabetes. Disappearance due to retinal atrophy. The legs will begin to rot, and then they will be cut off. Sometimes the same fate befalls the hands. The kidneys will refuse – you will have to constantly attend hemodialysis procedures. Then, heart attacks and strokes will begin, which, in the end, will cause death. Life expectancy will decrease by several years (or several tens of years).
To avoid complications and live a full, long life, with an increased level of insulin in the blood, you must follow a diet. With weight reduction and full compensation for carbohydrate metabolism, diabetes mellitus does not interfere with your future.