Diet with increased uric acid is a complex, balanced diet that allows to normalize the level of uric acid in the body. Let’s look at the peculiarities of nutrition with increased uric acid, forbidden and allowed products, as well as an approximate menu for a week.
Uric acid is a metabolic product that is formed as a result of purine metabolism processes. If there is a lot of uric acid in the blood (above the norm), this means that a large number of purines enter the body with food, either they become too much metabolite, or the uric acid is eliminated from the body. Before proceeding to treatment of this pathology, the doctor, first of all, will review the patient’s diet and make his own adjustments.
Observe diet with increased uric acid will have throughout life, as the disease can recur. A therapist or urologist can make up the menu and pick up the products, but before this the patient needs to pass a set of tests that will help to make a correct and effective diet for therapeutic purposes.
Nutrition with increased uric acid
Nutrition with increased uric acid should be balanced and dietary. The first thing to do is to abandon meat broths. Only lean meat is allowed and only boiled, but not more than three times a week. Categorically prohibited fatty foods, pickled, smoked and fried foods. It will not be superfluous to refuse or minimize the amount of salt consumed and adhere to the drinking regime (1,5-2 liters of water per day).
From drinks, special attention should be paid to mineral water, since it helps to remove uric acid from the body. Alcoholic beverages are allowed a small amount of vodka. In addition to diet, the patient is prescribed a set of physiotherapeutic procedures and plasmapheresis. This allows you to purify the blood of excess uric acid and salts it postponed. It is strictly forbidden to sit on low-calorie diets or to starve. As this will exacerbate the disease and increase the level of uric acid to a maximum level.
It is important to remember that you need to eat often. The diet should be based on products with low purine content. It is not superfluous to observe fasting days on sour-milk products or vegetable-fruit nutrition.
What is the diet with increased uric acid?
Diet with increased uric acid in the bloodstream can significantly improve the patient’s condition, as well as reduce the dosage of prescribed medicines due to the disease. If a patient with an increased amount of uric acid develops gout – a chronic pathology associated with the disorder of uric acid metabolic processes – then adhere to the new principles of nutrition will have to be for life.
Let us consider in more detail what should be the diet with increased uric acid.
- Nutrition with some protein food restriction (about 0,85 g protein per kilogram of patient weight with normosthenic physique). The amount of protein is reduced, limiting the use of meat and fish products, beans and other beans. Dairy products are allowed, but they should not be more than half of all proteins consumed. The restriction also applies to the consumption of fatty foods (less than 1 g / kg of weight), especially with the content of meat and culinary fat. It is proved that such types of fats interfere with the excretion of uric acid by the urinary system. Preference is given to vegetable oils, which facilitate the flow of metabolic processes, especially when combined pathology with hypertension, obesity, atherosclerotic changes in blood vessels.
- The exclusion of food and food products with a high content of purines (a list of products will be given below) and oxalic acid. Meat and fish products are consumed only occasionally, and only boiled, because during boiling, most of the purines remain in the broth. For this reason, any broths or sauces based on them are prohibited.
- To ensure that uric acid is better and faster removed from the body, you should establish a drinking regime. In the absence of addiction to edema (cardiac or kidney diseases) it is recommended to consume at least 2 l of water per day, mainly in the first half of the day. As a rule, the peak of the increase in uric acid in the blood falls at the time of dehydration: as a result of too hot weather, visiting the bath, etc. You can drink pure drinking water, as well as freshly squeezed juices (vegetable and citrus), whole milk and kefir, mineral water alkaline), diuretics and rose hip tea. To increase the amount of urine output, it is necessary to limit the amount of salt consumed (up to 8,5 g / day), as well as to abandon canned products, sausages, semi-finished products.
- Elimination of alcohol and alcohol-containing beverages, including beer and dry wines. It is proved that the crisis increase in uric acid in the body occurs even with a single use of a fat thick dinner accompanied by alcohol.
- Once in 7 days it is necessary to arrange a fasting day, mostly dairy or vegetable. A good effect is provided by unloading freshly squeezed fruit, vegetable or berry juices. It is not recommended to starve completely: hunger is accompanied by active decay of complex proteins, which leads to an increase in the amount of uric acid in the bloodstream.
- If the increase in the amount of uric acid occurs against the background of obesity, then the food should be aimed at reducing excess weight. In this situation, emphasis is placed on the sharp restriction of meat and fish products, preferring milk and sour-milk products. Weight loss should not be sharp – optimally from one to one and a half kilograms per week.
- If the increase in uric acid occurs against the background of nephropathy, then the food is built in accordance with the dietary principles recommended for kidney diseases.
To lower the level of uric acid, a therapeutic diet is prescribed.
Sample menu with increased uric acid
Observance of the rules of nutrition and an exemplary menu with increased uric acid will help to normalize the body. Let’s consider a therapeutic diet for one day, which is recommended to be observed throughout the week.
- A glass of milk or any sour-milk drink.
- Toasts fried in olive oil or bran.
- Low fat yogurt.
- Apple or a couple of orange slices.
- Boiled rice with fresh vegetables or salad.
- Low-fat boiled meat.
- Carrot or mashed potatoes.
- Scrambled eggs in olive oil.
We bring to your attention a one-week variant of the approximate diet menu with increased uric acid.
- Breakfast: weak brewed coffee with cream, dried toast with orange jam.
- Snack: yoghurt.
- Lunch: soup with fresh cabbage, fried potatoes, not strong tea.
- Afternoon snack: a cup of milk, cracker.
- Supper: stewed cabbage with carrots, fried eggs, yogurt.
- Breakfast: tea with lemon, syrniki.
- Snack: banana.
- Lunch: potato soup, vegetarian cabbage rolls, oats sauce.
- Afternoon snack: fruit salad.
- Dinner: vinaigrette, a sandwich with cheese, compote of dried fruits.
- Breakfast: cottage cheese with sour cream and dried fruits, tea from a dogrose.
- Snack: apple.
- Lunch: milk soup, barley garnish with a piece of boiled breast, currant juice.
- Afternoon snack: ryazhenka, cracker with apricot jam.
- Dinner: vegetable stew, compote.
- Breakfast: an omelette with herbs, Borodino bread, a glass of orange juice.
- Snack: a handful of nuts.
- Lunch: okroshka, rice casserole, fruit jelly.
- Afternoon snack: fruit salad.
- Dinner: potatoes stuffed with vegetables, green tea.
- Breakfast: soft-boiled egg, pellucid with cottage cheese, tea with milk.
- Snack: orange.
- Lunch: vermicelli soup, potato casserole, compote.
- Snack: fruit mousse.
- Supper: carrot cutlets with sour cream, a cup of ryazhenka.
- Breakfast: porridge in milk, freshly squeezed carrot juice.
- Snack: baked apple with cottage cheese.
- Lunch: buckwheat soup, boiled fish fillet with mashed potatoes, herbal tea.
- Afternoon snack: cottage cheese with honey.
- Dinner: salad from vegetables, cheese sliced, compote.
- Breakfast: pancakes of dark flour with jam, tea with milk.
- Snack: grapefruit.
- Lunch: vegetarian borsch, potato teatel with sour cream sauce and herbs, tea with lemon.
- Afternoon snack: pear.
- Dinner: lazy dumplings with cottage cheese, jelly.
Between meals is recommended to drink a glass of water, you can alkaline fizzy. At night – a cup of yogurt, unsweetened yogurt or milk.
With regard to flour products, the diet with increased uric acid allows you to consume ground bran, wheat and rye bread, but in small quantities. Vegetables and dishes from them can be eaten in unlimited quantities. Vegetable soups will be useful. From desserts you can eat fruits, dried fruits, sour-milk products, berry compotes and kissels. From beverages, preference should be given to juices, coffee with milk, green tea. We offer you a small list of products that you can eat while observing a medical diet:
- Seafood, rabbit meat, chicken, turkey, fish.
- Eggs, milk, sour-milk drinks.
- In a small amount of pasta and cereals.
- Any vegetables, in any kind and quantity.
- Jam, honey, dried fruits (raisins are forbidden), nuts.
- Juices (fruit and vegetable), teas, compotes, mineral waters, little mineralized (alkaline) water.
- Apples, citrus fruits, berries (raspberries are prohibited) and any other fruits.
- Oil (sunflower, linseed, sesame, olive).
- Sweets: fruit mousses and creams, marmalade, jelly, kissels, honey, jam and jams.
- Sauces and sauces: only vegetable or sour-milk.
- Spices: vanilla, cinnamon, lemon juice, bay leaf.
- Greens: parsley, dill, coriander.
- Liquids: weak tea, freshly squeezed juices, milk, rosehip tea, compotes.
If you are engaged in making a diet to lower the level of uric acid in the body, it will be useful to know what foods you can not eat. First of all, it is necessary to refuse sausages, liver, smoked or fried fish, as well as from fish and meat canned food. Do not eat meat broth, pickles and spicy sauces.
Strong alcoholic beverages and teas – are forbidden to eat during a diet with increased uric acid. Baking and baking from puff pastry, too, can not eat. Care must be taken to use mushroom dishes, sorrel and cauliflower (if possible, abandon these vegetables). In addition to the rules of nutrition, it is necessary to spend unloading days. During these days you can consume milk, fruits and vegetables. Precisely to say, what products are forbidden to the use can only the dietician or the attending physician.