Insulin resistance is a reduction in the response of cells and body tissues to insulin, regardless of whether it is produced by the body or injected. It turns out that the glucose that enters the blood, the pancreas produces insulin, but it is not perceived by the cells.
As a result, sugar in the blood rises and the pancreas perceives it as a need for even more insulin and produces it additionally. It turns out that the pancreas works on wear.
Insulin resistance leads to abdominal obesity, with a person experiencing a frequent feeling of hunger, fatigue and irritability. Diagnosis of the disease can be done by tests, the main criteria are the cholesterol and glucose in the blood. Similarly, the doctor makes an anamnesis of the patient.
Diet for this disease is a key therapy in treatment, after a week of diet therapy, the patient’s well-being improves significantly. But if you do not adhere to proper nutrition, the following consequences are possible:
- development of type 2 diabetes (insulin independence);
- heart attack;
Insulin resistance requires the patient to adhere to diet therapy throughout life, in order to avoid negative consequences for the body.
This disease shows a low-carbohydrate diet, which excludes starvation. The food is fractional, five to six times a day, the norm of fluid intake will be from two liters and more.
In this case, carbohydrates should be difficult to split, for example, baking from rye flour, various cereals, vegetables and fruits. Banned flour products, sweets, sugar, a range of fruits, vegetables and animal products.
The thermal treatment of products eliminates the process of frying and quenching with the addition of a large amount of vegetable oil, because of its caloric value. In general, all fatty foods should be excluded from the diet.
This diet prohibits such products:
- meat and fish fatty varieties;
- semolina; semolina;
- sweets, chocolate and sugar;
- baking and flour products from wheat flour;
- fruit juices;
- smoked products;
- sour cream;
The diet of the patient should be formed only from products with a low glycemic index.
The choice of fruits for this disease is extensive and they are allowed no more than 200 grams per day. Only it is forbidden to prepare fruit juices, because their glycemic index can provoke a sharp jump in blood sugar, to 4 mmol / l for ten minutes after consuming just a glass of juice. All this is caused by the “loss” of the cellulose, which is responsible for the even flow of glucose into the blood.
When compiling a diet menu, first of all, you should pay attention to the glycemic index of foods and their calorie content.
Vegetables, fruits, cereals and products of animal origin must be present daily on the diet table. When you use and prepare certain products, you must follow several rules.
So, fruit is better to eat in the morning. Since the glucose received with them into the blood is most well absorbed in the physical activity of a person, which falls on the first half of the day.
The first dishes are prepared on vegetable or non-fat second meat broth. The second broth is prepared as follows: after the first boiling of meat, the water merges and a new one is poured in, and the broth for the first dishes is obtained on it. Nevertheless, doctors tend to vegetable soups, in which the meat is added already in ready form.
Fish should be present in the weekly menu at least twice. Consumption of caviar and milk is excluded.
For meat and fish products, both vegetables and cereals are allowed as a garnish. The latter is preferable to cook only on water and do not fill with butter. The alternative is vegetable oil. From grains are allowed:
- pearl barley;
- brown (brown) rice;
- barley grits;
- macaroni from durum wheat (no more than twice a week).
Eggs are allowed with a diet of not more than one per day, although the amount of proteins can be increased, their glycemic index is zero. The yolk has an index in 50 ED and contains an increased amount of cholesterol.
Almost all dairy and sour milk products have a low glycemic index, with the exception of fatty. Such food can become an excellent full-fledged second dinner. The following products are allowed:
Vegetables with this diet are half the daily diet. Of these, salads and complex side dishes are prepared. Potatoes are banned because of the high glycemic index, of the order of 85 ED. If it is decided, occasionally add potatoes to the first dishes, then one rule should be observed. Tubers should be cut into cubes and soaked overnight in cold water. This will partially relieve the potatoes from starch.
Vegetables with low index:
- a tomato;
- green, red and sweet peppers;
- the peas are fresh and dried;
- all kinds of cabbage – white, red, colored, broccoli.
You can add spices and herbs to dishes, for example – parsley, dill, oregano, turmeric, basil and spinach.
Many fruits and berries have a low glycemic index. They are used fresh, as salads, fillings for diabetic pastries and in making different sweets without sugar.
Dietary fruits and berries:
- red and black currants;
- an apple, regardless of whether it is sweet or sour;
Of all these products, you can prepare a variety of dishes that will help in the fight against insulin resistance.
Below is an approximate menu. It can be adhered to, and can be changed, according to the preferences of the patient. All dishes are prepared only by authorized methods – steamed, microwave oven, baked in the oven, grilled and boiled.
The amount of salt is better limited, since it helps to delay fluid in the body, thus provoking a load on the kidneys. And many organs are already burdened with these diseases. Do not exceed the norm – 10 grams per day.
It is also necessary to remember the consumption of a sufficient amount of liquid, at least two liters per day. You can calculate and the individual rate – one calorie eaten one milliliter of water.
With this disease, water, tea and coffee are allowed as a liquid. But what else can you vary the diet of drinks? A dogrose is very useful for diabetes and insulin resistance. It is allowed to drink up to 300 ml per day.