It should immediately be clarified that treatment with colic diet can not alleviate or completely stop sudden seizures of extremely painful spasms in the intestine, kidney or liver area. For this, antispasmodics and painkillers are taken. But in the complex treatment of intestinal, renal and hepatic pathologies – that is, the true causes of this symptom – dietary nutrition plays a very important role.
We want to draw attention to the fact that the diseases in which colic appear, have a different etiology, and there is not and can not be a single diet for all cases. So the diet for colic in an adult will depend on the disease he has.
The diet recommended by specialists for intestinal colic should take into account the pathogenesis of acute paroxysmal pains that can occur with numerous diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, infections, helminthiosis, heavy metal poisoning, intestinal bowel or obstruction. The mechanism of the development of pain is associated with spasms due to violations of peristalsis and distention of the intestine with accumulation of stool and intestinal gases.
What can not be eaten with colic in the intestine? Nutritionists insist on a temporary refusal to eat foods that contribute to the increased formation of intestinal gases: fatty meat and all animal fats, whole milk, rye bread and fresh bakery products, legumes, some cereals (millet, oatmeal, pearl barley and corn), sugar and sweets . Also, do not eat cabbage, potatoes, radish, fresh cucumbers and sweet peppers, onions (raw), pears, grapes, dates and prunes.
What can I eat with colic? Products that should be in the diet with intestinal colic determine the diet for bowel diseases. This is lean meat, chicken eggs, vegetable and butter, the whole range of fermented milk products, buckwheat, rice, vegetables (boiled or stewed), fruit juices, dried white bread.
The most suitable diet for hepatic colic is a diet for cholelithiasis, because this is a very common disease is most often accompanied by hepatic (or biliary) colic. True, this symptom is inherent in such a pathology as the bend of the gallbladder.
What can not be eaten with colic caused by congestion of bile or the progression of concrements along the bile ducts? Exceptions to the diet include fatty meats and poultry (and broths based on them), as well as by-products; meat gastronomy (first of all, smoked products); egg yolks; all spicy seasonings, spices, sauces, ketchup and vegetable marinades; mushrooms in any species; peas, lentils and kidney beans; onion and garlic; all canned goods; sour fruits and juices; fresh bread.
Gastroenterologists strongly recommend dilution of bile by sufficient intake of water (by no means carbonated!) – up to two liters daily, reduce the amount of table salt (up to 10 grams per day), and take small meals at least five times a day and, preferably, “Scheduled”.
In the diet menu for colic, associated with problems of the gallbladder and the entire biliary system, there should be no fried dishes: only boiled, baked in the oven or cooked in a double boiler. Even the usual omelet needs to be cooked for a couple and only from proteins.
What kind of diet for colic should help if it is colic kidney? And you know that the cause of such colic are kidney stones, that is, urolithiasis, which affects 12% of people? Pain in renal colic is so intolerable that a person loses consciousness; the temperature rises, indomitable vomiting begins . In general, this condition requires urgent medical help.
Diet in renal colic – when acute pain is stopped – completely prohibits eating fried, spicy, salty and all seasonings, meat and offal, mushrooms and legumes. Under the prohibition of salt and chocolate, coffee and strong black tea.
And what you can eat with colic? Porridge from whole-grain cereals, light vegetable soups and boiled or buttered vegetables. And most importantly – drink as much water as possible: up to three liters per day.
It is necessary that the condition prevented by nephrologists is precisely to establish the chemical composition of the stones, because they are oxalate, urate and phosphate. And only after that the doctor can determine the diet, which must be adhered to with each form of renal calculi. For example, if you can consume meat with oxalate and phosphate stones, then, in the presence of urate concretes, a milky-vegetable diet is prescribed.
Diet of lactating mother with colic
The lactating mother’s diet for colic in a baby is in fact the same as a diet for colic in newborns, since breast milk is the main “product” in the diet of children of the first year of life (with natural feeding).
Pediatricians describe several causes of colic in newborns, among which may be constipation, gastroesophageal reflux, lactose intolerance, subdural hematoma, etc. But the thing is that the gastrointestinal cycle and digestive enzymes in most babies are simply not ready for a new way of eating, therefore for a while the process of adaptation of a small organism to the changed conditions is in progress.
Nevertheless, if the mother complies with the diet for colic in newborns, this adaptation is easier, and the baby will quickly adapt to the digestion of breast milk.
First of all, doctors do not recommend breastfeeding to eat too fatty foods; milk and dairy products; any yeast freshly baked bread, muffin and pasta; all kinds of cabbage and legumes; radish, spinach, paprika and fresh cucumbers; pears, apricots, peaches and grapes; chocolate, nuts and natural honey. Mineral water with gas, sweet carbonated drinks and kvass are completely excluded.
Menu and recipes of the diet with colic
As you know, to offer a detailed diet menu for colic – intestinal, renal, hepatic, and colic in newborns – is problematic enough. The main thing is to take into account the peculiarities of the pathology that causes this symptom, and not to use products that can aggravate it. It is important that the daily diet corresponds to the physiological needs of the body and provides it with the necessary nutrients.
Accordingly, and the diet recipes for colic should include only that set of products that are acceptable for a particular disease. Cooking methods are also very important. Many diets, including a diet for colic, do not allow fried, so instead of fried cutlets, steam meatballs should be prepared. And, by the way, almost all dietary dishes are prepared very simply.