In case of problems with the kidneys, the level of protein supplied with the diet should be reduced. Protein metabolism in the body is accompanied by the formation of nitrogenous slags, which is very difficult to remove from the body to diseased kidneys. Gradually they begin to accumulate in the blood. But completely remove the protein from the diet, it is an important component, the basis for our cells. In this case, limited consumption of boiled eggs, boiled or stewed meat and fish of low fat content is recommended. In the case of renal failure in chronic form, it is recommended to consume 20-50 g protein per day. The amount may vary depending on the weight of the patient and the stage of the disease.
Unloading day is the use of one type of product for 24 hours. In renal diseases of various kinds, carbohydrate unloading days are recommended (oat, fruit (especially apple, watermelon), berry, juice, vegetable (especially cucumber)), which increase the level of excreted urine, improve the processes of excretion of protein metabolism products from the body. As a result, blood pressure decreases, and manifestations of chronic kidney failure worsen.
The total caloric intake per day should be 3500 kcal, not less (mainly carbohydrates and fats), otherwise the body will intensively spend the proteins available in the body, which is fraught with excessive formation of toxic metabolites and, as a result, increased burden on the kidneys. Eating should be regular and have a fractional character (5-6 once a day in small portions).
In serious cases, salt is forbidden to drink, including products with its content (smoked products, sausages, marinades, canned goods, cheeses, mineral water, cocoa, etc.). Bread is also better to buy special without salt, or bake yourself. With minor violations, patients are allowed to add meals (no more than 2-3 g (half a teaspoon) per day is recommended).
- Legumes, onions, garlic, sorrel, mushrooms.
- Mineral water with sodium.
- Salt and products with its addition (including conservation).
- Chocolate, strong coffee, cocoa.
- Canned food.
- Meat, fish and mushroom broths.
- Sausages, smoked products, meat and fish canned food, cheeses.
- Alcohol and its products.
- Bread of ordinary baking, black bread.
- Fatty grades of meat, fish, poultry
With other kidney diseases, there is no significant restriction in nutrition, it is recommended only to reduce the intake of salt, spices and spices, as well as alcoholic beverages.
The food in this case is selected taking into account the composition of the stones, after the research.
Oxalates exclude products containing oxalic acid – they include leaf plants (lettuce, sorrel, spinach), coffee, chocolate, cocoa. It also excludes the use of products with ascorbic acid (radish, some varieties of apples (antonovka), radish, black currant, citrus). It is recommended to eat food saturated with vitamin B6, which is involved in the decomposition of oxalic acid. These products include black bread, oatmeal and buckwheat. Also recommended the use of eggplant, prune, beans, pumpkin, cauliflower.
Uric acid salts contribute to the formation of kidney stones in an acidic environment, hence food should be predominant in the diet, promoting alkalinization of urine (honey, cereals, bread, dried fruits, potatoes). And to remove from the diet or to the maximum limit should be canned, fish and meat, sausages and various smoked products, by-products.
When the phosphate origin of stones should be acidified urine. It is useful to eat meat and fish dishes, to exclude vegetable and milk soups, berry and fruit juices (compotes), milk and sour-milk products.
Breakfast – rice porridge on low-fat milk, low-fat cheese with raisins, a cup of tea with a spoonful of honey;
Lunch – cottage cheese pudding, decoction of rose hips;
Dinner – vegetable soup, 200 g of low-fat meat in boiled form, 200 ml of compote;
Dinner – steamed cutlets from fish mince, curd casserole with pasta, 200 ml of low-fat milk;
Second Supper – 200 ml of low-fat kefir.
Breakfast – buckwheat porridge with milk, cutlets from carrots, tea with a spoonful of honey;
Lunch – boiled fish and mashed potatoes;
Dinner – lean borsch, boiled meat of low-fat varieties, apple compote;
Dinner – meat casserole, a portion of sweet cottage cheese, a cup of tea with the addition of milk;
Second Supper – 200 ml of homemade curdled milk.
Breakfast – vinaigrette, boiled fish, cottage cheese with sour cream, 200 ml of vegetable or fruit juice;
Lunch – cottage cheese casserole;
Dinner – vermicelli soup with milk, rice with boiled veal, cherry compote;
Dinner – potato casserole, oatmeal with added fruit or berries;
Second Supper – 200 ml of homemade curdled milk;
Breakfast – milk rice porridge, cheese with raisins, a cup of tea;
Lunch – cottage cheese casserole;
Dinner – Vegetarian soup with vegetables, boiled meat (200 g) with buckwheat porridge, apple compote;
Dinner – steamed fish cutlets, pasta casserole, 200 ml of milk;
Second Supper – 200 ml of kefir;
Breakfast – boiled rice with vegetables, cottage cheese with sour cream, fruit compote or juice;
Lunch – cottage cheese, yogurt with sugar;
Dinner – vegetable soup with the addition and a piece of boiled chicken meat, or veal meat, apple compote;
Dinner – rice-curd casserole, decoction of rose hips;
Second Supper – 100 g of dried fruits (prunes, dried apricots, raisins);
Breakfast – milk porridge from buckwheat, boiled beets, decoction of rose hips;
Lunch – mashed potatoes with boiled fish;
Dinner – Vegetarian borscht, boiled meat, fruit juice;
Dinner – meat casserole, tea with honey;
Second Supper – a glass of kefir;
Breakfast – a portion of semolina porridge, a cup of tea;
Second breakfast – vinaigrette, milk oatmeal with fruit, a cup of milk;
Dinner – potato soup, a piece of boiled veal, fruit jelly;
Dinner – curd casserole, apple pancakes, compote;
Second Supper – 200 ml kefir or curdled milk.