Pyelonephritis – a disease that can occur in acute and chronic forms; unfortunately, many people do not take him seriously enough, and as a result of inferior treatment the illness takes a chronic course. With acute pyelonephritis and exacerbation of chronic inflammatory process in the kidneys, it is necessary to follow a diet. Its task is to reduce the burden on the diseased organ, to prevent irritation of the tissue of the renal pelvis and urinary tract, it is also necessary to change the reaction of urine to a more alkaline one (pathogenic bacteria multiply in acidic medium). In addition, with exacerbation of kidney diseases, their filtration and excretory function may be impaired, so the diet should not include foods that “clog up” the body. For a speedy recovery, you need a sufficient supply of vitamins. Caloric content of the diet should be 2100-2500 kcal.
Particular attention should be paid to the amount of liquid drunk. If there is no swelling, obstruction of urine outflow (stones, tumors, ureteral excesses) or concomitant arterial hypertension, then it is allowed to drink a day before 2-3 L of liquid. Water contributes to the detoxification of the body and naturally cleanses the urinary tract. When pyelonephritis is recommended to drink cranberry juice or compote. Cranberries are a natural antiseptic and anti-inflammatory, so drinks from it help fight inflammation and multiplication of bacteria. It is recommended to prepare berries from the berries yourself, because industrial drinks often contain dyes, preservatives and other substances that can have a negative effect on the course of the inflammatory process. Herbal preparations, which have an anti-inflammatory and diuretic effect, should be taken as prescribed by the doctor.
What should be excluded from the diet with pyelonephritis?
In the diet, it is necessary to significantly reduce the amount of table salt to 5-6 g per day, and it should be taken into account that in the prepared dishes, too, salt is contained, so you must adhere to the strict rule: salt is not eaten. In the presence of edema or difficulty in the outflow of urine, the amount of salt is completely reduced to 4. The fact is that sodium chloride promotes fluid retention in the body, which is undesirable in case of pyelonephritis.
In the acute period of the disease, products containing a large amount of protein are excluded, since it acidifies the urine, which creates favorable conditions for the progression of the inflammatory process. Therefore, in the first 5-7 days will have to give up meat, fish and seafood – the main sources of animal protein. Then meat products are introduced into the diet gradually, in small portions.
Excludes pyelonephritis pickles pickles, canned food, marinades, smoked products, semi-finished products, sauces, because these products contain a large amount of salt. In addition, you will completely abandon spices, spices, horseradish, mustard, garlic: when you use such products in urine, substances that irritate the epithelium of the urinary tract enter. For the same reason, in the acute period of the disease, strong tea and coffee and, of course, any alcoholic beverages are completely excluded.
What is useful for pyelonephritis?
The source of nutrients and vitamins should be cereals, vegetables and fruits. It is very useful to eat oatmeal, buckwheat, semolina cereals, it is allowed to eat pasta and bakery products. Cereals contain complex carbohydrates, which are a source of energy for the body.
Vegetables are a storehouse of vitamins and microelements necessary for recovery. In the first week of the disease, it is recommended to adhere to the vegetable diet, then fruit and berries are added to it. Especially useful are vegetables and fruits that have a diuretic effect, such as pumpkin, zucchini, melon, watermelon. The diet is gradually expanding, in the diet are added dairy products, eggs, dietary meat (rabbit, beef, chicken) and low-fat fish. Restoration of the weakened by the disease organism will help sour-milk products and freshly squeezed juices (they must first be diluted with water).
People suffering from pyelonephritis do not need to give up the sweet, as with many other diseases. However, it is necessary to observe the measure, the sweet environment helps maintain the vital activity of pathogens.
Outside the exacerbation of the disease, the diet can be somewhat expanded. Exacerbation of pyelonephritis usually occurs when several adverse factors (hypothermia, violation of urinary outflow with concomitant urolithiasis, infectious diseases of the pelvic organs, etc.) occur. For the prevention of exacerbations, doctors recommend to constantly adhere to the diet, avoid exposure to the body of factors that provoke inflammation, and regularly drink natural cranberry juice. This drink will help maintain a good immune status, which is also important for pyelonephritis.
Pyelonephritis is a serious disease that can lead to chronic kidney failure. When the disease worsens, you need to see a doctor, since without the prescription of medications in most cases still can not do. If you have symptoms of pyelonephritis for the first time, then a full examination and therapy is necessary, with proper treatment of the transition of the process to a chronic form can be avoided.