Diet after myocardial infarction improves blood circulation and metabolism
Myocardial infarction is a serious complication of coronary heart disease requiring complex treatment, in which proper nutrition plays a crucial role. To this end, dietitians have developed a special therapeutic diet after a heart attack.
Features of therapeutic nutrition in case of infarction
Restoring health after a heart attack is not an easy task, it requires a set of measures, including medication, physiotherapy, rejection of bad habits and therapeutic nutrition.
- Diet after a heart attack is aimed at improving blood circulation, normalizing metabolic processes, improving the performance of the cardiovascular system, liver and kidneys.
- The energy of the diet is reduced due to fats and carbohydrates. Excludes heavy food, foods that excite the nervous system, irritating the gastrointestinal tract, liver and kidneys and causing flatulence.
- In the priority are products rich in lyotropic substances, potassium and magnesium. Food is prepared by dietary methods (stewing, cooking, steaming, baking) and without salt. The liquid is limited to 1,2 liters.
- Dietary nutrition is aimed at eliminating the causes that caused the disease. To lower the level of cholesterol in the blood, it is recommended to exclude fatty protein foods from the diet. Limiting salt reduces the risk of hypertension.
- Patients with overweight are vital to lose weight. This will not only reduce excessive stress on weakened cardiac muscles, but also normalizes lipid metabolism.
Diet with myocardial infarction – Authorized products
- Vegetarian First Dishes
- Low-fat fish and poultry.
- Uncomfortable pastries and daily bread or biscuits.
- Milk products.
- Dishes from pasta (not the highest grade) cereals.
- Baked or boiled vegetables.
- Fruits, berries.
- Baking, fresh bread.
- Filled broths (from mushrooms, meat, fish).
- Fatty meat, kidneys, smoked products, sausages.
- Marinades, salted fish and cheese.
- Rough fiber.
- Tea (strong), coffee and chocolate.
Scarring of the myocardium occurs in 3 weeks. During this period, the diet is strictly controlled by a doctor. Dietary food is served without salt, in a cleaned form. Portions are small, but food intake is recommended up to 8 once a day. The diet is composed mainly of liquid cereals, vegetable soups and low-calorie dairy products. Caloric content does not exceed 1000 kcal.
After discharge from the hospital, the ration becomes less strict, but salt, fatty foods, strong coffee and tea, alcohol and confectionery remain under the ban. The daily calorific value of the patient should be about 1400 kcal.
Given the characteristics of the body, a diet for each patient is made by a doctor individually. For example, a diet after a heart attack for women, to a greater extent (than for men) is aimed at reducing blood sugar. The diet after a heart attack for men focuses on lowering cholesterol. In both cases, the diet may differ, but it is made up of allowed products and the restrictions are the same.
Diet after a heart attack: an approximate menu and features ^
Feeding the patient should be frequent and fractional and carried out in 7-8 receptions per day.
An approximate menu in the acute period after the seizure may be as follows:
- Compote without sugar, from prunes, 1 / 2 a glass of low-calorie kefir.
- The cereal in milk, half a cup of carrot juice + a teaspoon of olive oil, a grated apple.
- Chicken breast (50 gr.), Broth of dogrose.
- Half a cup of carrot juice with olive oil.
- A piece of steam fish (50 gr.) And vegetable broth.
- Half a cup of kissel.
- Wiped low-fat cottage cheese and half a glass of black currant juice.
- Half a cup of curdled milk.
Gradually, the diet expands, but food remains fractional. From 2-4 weeks, the diet can look like this:
- A glass of broth from a dogrose.
- Porridge buckwheat, not wiped. Salad from greens, cucumbers and tomatoes, tea with a spoonful of sugar.
- Vegetarian borscht, boiled chicken and rice, freshly squeezed apple juice.
- Cottage cheese with a teaspoon of sugar, pear, compote.
- Vegetable puree, a piece of fish, tea.
- Milk and croutons.
- Cottage cheese with raisins and a teaspoon of sour cream, apple, tea.
- Kefir and steamed prunes.
To improve the patient’s condition, the daily caloric content increases to 2200 kcal. You can switch to four meals a day, making up your own menu of allowed products, gradually including salt.
Diet after an extensive heart attack for the recovery period should contain no more than 10% fat, about 30% protein and 60% complex carbohydrates. Meals are also four meals a day, up to 7 gr. salt, before going to bed you can drink fermented milk or yogurt. It is recommended to drink 3 glasses of water and receive the same portion of liquid with the products.
Diet after infarction and stenting is recommended by a doctor individually. Its goal is to reduce cholesterol and the risk of plaque formation. Therefore, the content of animal fats is reduced to a minimum. The level of cholesterol will have to be watched especially carefully.