All dishes must be consumed in a warm form. With nonspecific ulcerative colitis, frequent meals are welcomed, in small portions. It will be useful to keep a food diary during an exacerbation, because there is a possibility that the dish you eat will not work for you.
Prohibited products in the treatment of ulcerative colitis
Cabbage and carrots are excluded from the menu
Since during the exacerbation of nonspecific ulcerative colitis, the walls of the intestine are inflamed and susceptible from food, foods rich in fiber are removed, because they can severely injure the walls.
In addition, it is necessary to avoid foods and dishes that cause bloating, upset stomach, have too high or low temperature. From the diet of the patient for the entire period of treatment of ulcerative colitis, the following dishes should be completely excluded:
- Sharp, fried, salty dishes
- White cabbage, radish, carrot, pumpkin
- Sour berries and fruits
- Sausages, smoked products, marinades
- Condiments and greens
- Raw juices
- Fatty foods, fast food
- Strong coffee and tea
If the diet is picked up correctly soon relief will come, but you can not immediately switch to conventional food. After all, a diet with nonspecific ulcerative colitis involves following it for a fairly long period. From time to time it is necessary to consult with the attending physician who will make adjustments to your diet.
Sample menu for one day with nonspecific ulcerative colitis
Diet does not replace basic treatment
If you turned in time for help to a doctor and underwent a course of drug treatment for ulcerative colitis, the doctor, for the period of recovery, appoints a diet and an approximate menu for one day looks like this:
- Breakfast – Manna porridge with butter, broth of rose hips.
- The second breakfast – Fish steamed broth and feta jelly
- Lunch – Soup puree with meatballs on a light broth, wiping rice porridge, compote of dried apples
- Snack – Biscuits and tea with milk
- Dinner – Vermicelli with grated cheese
- At night – Apples baked with breadcrumbs
If you do your best and have patience during the treatment of ulcerative colitis, the disease will recede, and bowel functions will be restored. And yet now you must carefully approach your diet and make changes in your diet only with the permission of your doctor.
Diet and Nutrition with Ulcerative Colitis
With nonspecific ulcerative colitis, severely restrict all foods that can irritate the intestines: milk, fresh vegetables, fruits and so on. As the condition improves, the diet is gradually expanded. It is important to keep the same intervals between meals and the daily ration distributed to 5-6 receptions.
Nutrition of the patient in acute condition or with exacerbation of chronic ulcerative colitis with moderate and severe course
All the food of the patient should be at room temperature or up to 40 C, liquid, semi-liquid or wiped, boiled, baked or steamed. The daily diet should be divided into 6 receptions at regular intervals. Salt can be eaten to taste, but not to salve food.
Gray or white wheat bread of yesterday’s pastries, biscuits, biscuits, buns, white bread crumbs.
Fresh, low-fat cottage cheese, acidophilic milk, three-day kefir, sour cream as a condiment to salads.
Soups, cooked on a second meat or fish broth, with the addition of semolina or rice cereals, wiped boiled meat, meatballs, homemade noodles, vermicelli.
Dishes are prepared from low-fat varieties of meat: beef, veal, turkey, chicken, rabbit, as well as from lean fish: hake, crucian carp and others. Patients can be steamers or soufflé.
Oatmeal, buckwheat or rice porridge, cooked on water and mashed.
Soft-boiled egg (1 per day), steam omelettes.
Potatoes, carrots, onions, cabbage, early zucchini, pumpkin, cucumbers, tomatoes. Vegetables are boiled and mashed in puree. Ready-made dishes can be added finely chopped greens: parsley or dill.
From fats fresh butter is allowed up to 5 g – add to ready meals, melted or olive oil.
Fruits and berries are ground in puree, prepare jelly, jelly, mousse and jam.
You can sugar and caramel candy in limited quantities.
Fruit, vegetable or berry juices are bred in half with water and taken in a warm form.
Broth of dogrose, weak tea, cocoa on water with the addition of a small amount of milk.
- Products made of warm and dough.
- Vegetable, milk soups, borsch, rassolnik, hodgepodge, cabbage soup, as well as soups prepared on the first meat or fish broth.
- Fatty grades of meat and fish, sausages, balyk, dried or smoked meat, herring, lard, fish and canned meat.
- Groats: pearl barley, millet, barley.
- Eggs in raw or fried form, and also hard-boiled.
- Whole milk, cream, fat cottage cheese, fresh yogurt, yogurt, ryazhenka.
- Mushrooms, canned vegetables, vegetables and fruits.
- All vegetables in fried or stewed.
- Honey, chocolates, raw fruits and berries.
- Spicy seasonings and sauces: mustard, horseradish, mayonnaise, black pepper.
- Carbonated drinks, whole and canned juices, coffee.
- Animals or cooking fats.
The approximate menu in the acute period of ulcerative colitis
1 breakfast: boiled on water and mashed oats porridge, wiped fresh low-fat cottage cheese, loose tea.
2 breakfast: black currant jelly.
Lunch: soup on the second chicken broth with semolina, steamed beef meatballs, mashed rice porridge, clarified apple juice.
Snack: a warm broth of dogrose
Supper: steam omelette, boiled on water mashed buckwheat porridge, tea.
Before going to sleep: a biscuit biscuit, a warm broth of dogrose.
Nutrition of the patient with nonspecific ulcerative colitis in acute form with mild course or with improvement of the patient’s condition with a medium-heavy course
The diet of the patient is expanded by adding dishes in a crushed form. The daily ration is distributed on 5-6 receptions at regular intervals. The patient can sponge cake and baked patties made of uncomfortable dough with potatoes, apples and other fillings. In soups, you can add pasta and chopped vegetables.
Allowed boiled and minced meat of low-fat varieties or low-fat boiled chopped fish. Whole milk or cream can be added in porridge or in tea. Also, the patient can take a few pieces a day unsalted cheese. Up to 100 g per day is allowed the use of ripe fresh tomatoes.
From snacks to the patient it is possible jellied from a fish, caviar of sturgeon fishes. You can serve the dishes with dairy sauce bechamel or sauces on vegetable broth. The amount of butter with good tolerability can be increased to 15 g per reception.
An approximate menu of a patient with a mild course of ulcerative colitis or with improvement of the patient’s condition with a moderate ulcerative colitis
1 breakfast: milk semolina porridge, steam omelette, tea.
2 breakfast: baked apples.
Lunch: vegetable soup with chicken breast, carrot puree, meat knels, orange juice in half with warm water.
Dinner: mashed potatoes, chopped boiled fish hake, rice pudding with fruit sauce, tea.
Nutrition of a patient with ulcerative colitis in the recovery period
The patient’s diet approaches the usual rational: the food is cooked in a boiled form, steamed, baked, not crushed. The daily ration is distributed at regular intervals by 5 receptions. Under the ban remain fried, sharp, smoked dishes, canned food, first broths, fatty meat and fish, mushrooms, legumes. The patient can not fresh plums, apricots, figs, grapes and juices from them. It is not allowed to cook meals on cooking fats.
Sample menu of the patient in the recovery period
1 breakfast: milk oatmeal, 2 soft-boiled eggs, tea
2 breakfast: fresh apples, 2 slices of Dutch cheese
Lunch: soup on the second beef broth, pilaf with boiled meat, broth of wild rose.
Soup is prepared on the second broth with the addition of carrots, onions, flour and egg groats, potatoes or cereals. To taste, add salt, bay leaf and greens.
Dinner: boiled potatoes, fish steamed meatballs with sauce, curd pudding, tea.
Diet in case of nonspecific ulcerative colitis
The development of ulcerative colitis often occurs at the age of 20-40 years. Compared to men, women suffer more often in 1,5 times. Symptoms of the disease: there may be constipation, abdominal pain at the time or after the act of defecation, false urge to defecate. Urgent appointment of a diet is necessary. It is advisable to eat in a cleaned form.
With a decrease in the manifestation of acute phenomena (abdominal pain, diarrhea), you can gradually switch to a normal (unprocessed) type of food. Compliance with a strict diet for a long period does not contribute to the recovery of forces and may cause metabolic disorders due to illness.
You need a variety of dishes to taste. Recommended meat of low-fat varieties (steamed or boiled), mashed porridge, eggs, dry biscuits, toasted white bread.
In the diet of the patient must include walnuts. In the acute stage of the disease, decoctions of blueberries, dog rose, pears and other ripe and sweet fruits and berries are recommended; Some juices (tomato, orange) are acceptable. Fatty, fried, sharp and salty dishes, as well as chocolate, mushrooms, legumes, plums, fruits, vegetables, beets and dried apricots should be completely excluded. During the exacerbation limit the consumption of sweet, cellulose, juices.
A certain number of people with this disease have intolerance of various types of food, especially dairy products. Therefore, the improvement of well-being can be facilitated by the exclusion of them from the diet.
In the acute stage of the disease, the consumption of large amounts of food leads to insufficient digestion and absorption, so one should eat often, but in small portions. Intervals between meals # 8212; not more than 2,5 hours for diarrhea. Dinner #8212; not later than 21 hours.
Protein metabolism is particularly susceptible to changes in ulcerative colitis. During the relapse of the disease, metabolic disturbances increase particularly rapidly. In these cases, food with an increased number of proteins is needed. Depending on the nature of the stool, the amount of fluid consumed is reduced. If the patient’s chair is copious and very watery, 5 glasses of liquid are limited per day.
If the patient’s condition has been prolonged, it is possible to expand the diet, but there is one contraindication: dairy products should be eliminated completely for life.